Hubungan Health Belief Model pada Perilaku Prevensi saat Pandemi Covid-19 di Kalangan Dewasa Awal

Seno Wahyusantoso, Achmad Chusairi

Sari


Pandemi COVID-19 di Indonesia terus berkembang, dengan 79,6% dari total kasus terdiri dari 18-45 tahun (per 20 Agustus 2020). Berbagai cara terus dikembangkan oleh ahli kesehatan untuk menekan angka penularan, salah satunya melalui pencegahan. HBM merupakan model yang kerap digunakan untuk memahami persepsi individu terkait perilaku kesehatan, termasuk prevensi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan survei online sebesar 231 responden, menggunakan alat ukur yang disusun dari awal untuk HBM serta alat ukur adaptasi untuk perilaku preventif. Studi menunjukkan hubungan signifikan HBM dengan perilaku preventif. Pada dimensi perceived susceptibility, perceived severity dan perceived benefit menunjukkan hubungan positif dengan perilaku preventif, sedangkan perceived barriers menunjukkan hubungan negatif dengan perilaku preventif. Ditemukan bahwa HBM adalah salah satu model yang dapat menggambarkan perilaku preventif saat pandemi, namun terdapat hal lain berupa tingkat pendidikan, selfefficacy, serta pengetahuan terhadap kondisi kesehatan tersebut. Penelitian memiliki berbagai kelemahan, yaitu sebaran kelompok usia yang tidak merata, serta kuesioner self-report yang rawan bias.


Kata Kunci


health belief model, covid 19, perilaku prefentif kesehatan

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Abraham, C., & Sheeran, P. (2015). The Health Belief Model: Predicting and Changing Behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Barakat, A. M., & Kasemy, Z. A. (2020). Preventive health behaviours during coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic based on health belief model among Egyptians. Middle East Current Psychiatry, 43.

Bish, A., & Michie, S. (2010). Demographic and attitudinal determinants of protective behaviours during a pandemic: A review. British Journal of Health Psychology, 50-62.

Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19. (2020, Agustus 20). Peta Sebaran COVID-19. Retrieved from Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19: https://covid19.go.id/peta-sebaran

Hurlock, E. B. (1986). Developmental Psychology: A Life-Span Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The health belief model: A decade later. Health education quarterly, 1-47.

Jeong, H. S., Lee, D. W., Youn, C. H., Lee, M. K., Lee, S. J., Suh, Y. S., & Kim, D. H. (2010). Perception and Performance of Preventive Behaviors for the Pandemic Influenza in Hospital Employees and Outpatients. Yonsei Medical Journal, 181-187.

Manika, D., & Golden, L. L. (2011). SELF-EFFICACY, THREAT, KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION RECEPTIVITY: EXPLORING PANDEMIC PREVENTION BEHAVIORS TO ENHANCE SOCIETAL WELFARE . Academy of Health Care Management Journal, 31-44.

Miao, Y.-Y., & Huang, J.-H. (2012). Prevalence and associated psychosocial factors of increased hand hygiene practice during the influenza A/H1N1 pandemic: findings and prevention implications from a national survey in Taiwan. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 604-612.

Niu, Z. W. (2020). Chinese Public’s Engagement in Preventive and Intervening Health Behaviors During the Early Breakout of COVID-19: Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of medical Internet research, 8.

Our World in Data. (2020). Emerging COVID-19 success story: Vietnam’s commitment to containment. Our World In Data.

Park, J.-H., Cheong, H.-K., Son, D.-Y., Kim, S.-U., & Ha, C.-M. (2010). Perceptions and behaviors related to hand hygiene for the prevention of H1N1 influenza transmission among Korean university students during the peak pandemic period. BMC Infectious Diseases.

Rosenstock, I. M. (1974). Historical origins of the health belief model. Health education monographs, 328-335.

Shahnazi, H. A.-L. (2020). Assessing preventive health behaviors from COVID-19: a cross sectional study with health belief model in Golestan Province, Northern of Iran. . nfectious.

WHO. (2020, June 4). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Retrieved from World Health Organization Website: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public

Worldometer. (2020, Agustus 20). COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic. Retrieved from Worldometer: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


##submission.copyrightStatement##

##submission.license.cc.by-sa4.footer##

ISSN Online: 2776-1851

View My Stats