Publication Ethics

The Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (CCJ) (P-ISSN: 2746-6930; E-ISSN: 2722-3582) is an open access, and peer-reviewed journal. This statement clarifies the ethical behaviour of all parties involved in publishing an article in this journal, including the author, editor-in-chief, Editorial Board, peer reviewer and publisher (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga). This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed edition of the Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (CCJ) is an important part in the development of a conducive and vast knowledge in the medical field. It is a product of creativity on the quality of the author(s)’ work and their supporting institutions. Peer-reviewed articles support fair scoring on the content and scientific method applied. It is, therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and society. Our journal adheres to the values stated on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and I4OC.

Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (CCJ) is under the management of Universitas Airlangga in which all stages of the publishing process would be taken seriously and would be done with good ethics and responsibility. Accordingly, Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (CCJ) will not gain any commercial revenue for the publishing of the manuscripts or the reviewing process. Additionally, the Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and or/publishers where teamwork will prove necessary.

Publication decisions

The editor of the Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (CCJ) is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted for consideration should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers will be also be considered to make such decisions. The editors may be guided by the journal's editorial board policies and requirements which includes the prohibition of copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may consult other editors or reviewers in arriving at such decisions.

Fair scoring

The editors of the Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (CCJ) will evaluate the manuscripts consistently and unbiased for their content without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and editorial staff is prohibited in disclosing information related to submitted articles to any individuals other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers or the publisher, as necessary.

Conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Additionally, authors must not upload the same article that had been published and/or currently being submitted elsewhere.

Duties of Editors

Publication Decisions

Editors are responsible and should accept responsibility for the publications. Editors should apply consistent standards to their processes in order to ensure the quality of the content they publish and preserve the integrity of the published record. On the basis of the editorial board's review report, the editor may approve, reject, or request revisions to the manuscript. The objective of editors should be to ensure timely peer review and publication. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and be constrained by the then-applicable legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism, which encourage maximum transparency and thorough, truthful reporting.

Review for Manuscripts

The editor must ensure that each manuscript is evaluated for originality at the outset. Editors should critically evaluate the ethical conduct of human and animal investigations. The editor must coordinate and utilize peer review with fairness and discretion. In the author guidelines, editors should describe their peer review procedures and designate which sections of the journal are peer-reviewed. For papers that are being considered for publication, editors should select peer reviewers with sufficient expertise and avoid those with conflicts of interest.

Fair Play

Editors should ensure that decisions for the manuscripts are fair and impartial, independent of commercial concerns, also guarantee a fair and suitable peer-review process. The editors must ensure that each submitted manuscript is evaluated based on its intellectual merit, regardless of the authors' gender, ethnicity, religion, nationality, etc. Since editors are in a position of power when making publication decisions, it is crucial that the editorial process is as fair and impartial as feasible.


Editors should guarantee the confidentiality of the manuscripts and ensure no details are revealed to anyone or other parties except the peer reviewers without the author's consent. If discussions between an author, editor, and peer reviewer have occurred in confidence, they should remain confidential unless explicit consent has been given by all parties or unless exceptional circumstances exist (e.g., if they could be used to support claims of intellectual property theft during peer review).

In order to ensure the confidentiality, the website OJS have also provided discussion box to encourage communication within the system. Editors, authors, and reviewers may use the discussion box to interact regarding the manuscript.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Without the authors' unambiguous written consent, editors and editorial board members will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted manuscript for their own research. The editors will maintain the confidentiality of any confidential information or ideas obtained in the course of handling the manuscript, and will not use such information or ideas for their own benefit. They will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript instead.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviewers assist the editor in making editorial decisions, while editorial communications with the author may also assist him/her in improving the paper.

Substitute Reviewer

Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported on in a manuscript, or is aware that its prompt review is not possible, should notify the editor and excuse him/herself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.


Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of fellow authors that is directed at the author or institutes of the submission is highly inappropriate. Evaluators should express their views clearly with supporting arguments, without any offense to any party.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work not cited by the authors. Any assertion that an observation, derivation or argument has been previously reported should be accompanied by a relevant citation. Reviewers should also notify the editor regarding any substantial similarity of the paper they are reviewing with other published papers of which they have known prior to the reviewing process. This is to ensure no plagiarism is done and that citation has been correctly done by the authors.

Conflict of Interest

The confidentiality of the manuscripts must have the utmost importance and evaluators must not exploit it for personal advantage or with regard of any competitive, collaborative, or other connections with any individuals, organizations, or institutions.

Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards

Authors of the papers must present the accurate sources of the works done and formulate objective discussion of its significance. Supporting data must be presented accurately within the document and should contain necessary details and references to permit others to use it for their research. Inaccurate statements, plagiarism, and/or inaccurate source, are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are requested to submit raw data relating to their paper for editorial review. They should be prepared, if feasible, to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases) and to retain such data for a reasonable period following publication. This data may be submitted by arranging it inside the paper and/or submitting it as supplementary files. Supplementary files with sufficient details and in the case of images, high definition resolution is preferable.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should ensure that the work produced is entirely original, with any references and/or quotations being appropriately cited or re-produced. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. In the case of indexing with plagiarism checker, the plagiarism percentage must not exceed 20%.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

Authors should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research submitted in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals would inevitably considered as unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Full and appropriate acknowledgment of others’ work must be provided in sufficient details. Authors should cite publications influential in determining the nature of, or supporting, the submitted work.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those individuals making significant contributions to the concept, design, execution or interpretation of the submitted papers. All such collaborators should be listed as co-authors with necessary information. Others who have participated to achieve certain contribution in the research project should also be acknowledged and listed as contributors (corresponding authors may list them inside the paper in the ‘Acknowledgement’ section). The corresponding author should ensure that all relevant (and only relevant) co-authors are acknowledged within the paper, their having seen and approved the final version and having agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves the use of human beings, chemicals, animals, plants, microbes, procedures or equipment with any unusual inherent hazards, the author must clearly state these in the manuscript.

Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose within their manuscript regarding any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of their reported research. All sources of financial support for the project should also be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Work

In cases of an author discovering significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, it is his/her obligation to notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate in the correction or revocation of the paper.