Publication Ethics

The Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal (P-ISSN: 2746-6930; E-ISSN: 2722-3582) is an open access, and peer-reviewed journal. This statement clarifies the ethical behaviour of all parties involved in publishing an article in this journal, including the author, editor-in-chief, Editorial Board, peer reviewer and publisher (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga). This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed edition of the Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal is an important part in the development of a conducive and vast knowledge in the medical field. It is a product of creativity on the quality of the author(s)’ work and their supporting institutions. Peer-reviewed articles support fair scoring on the content and scientific method applied. It is, therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behaviour for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and society.  

Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal is under the management of Universitas Airlangga in which all stages of the publishing process would be taken seriously and would be done with good ethics and responsibility. Accordingly, Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal will not gain any commercial revenue for the publishing of the manuscripts or the reviewing process. Additionally, the Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and or/publishers where teamwork will prove necessary.

Publication decisions

The editor of the Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted for consideration should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers will be also be considered to make such decisions. The editors may be guided by the journal's editorial board policies and requirements which includes the prohibition of copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may consult other editors or reviewers in arriving at such decisions.

Fair scoring

The editors of the Cardiovascular and Cardiometabolic Journal will evaluate the manuscripts consistently and unbiased for their content without regard to the race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.


The editor and editorial staff is prohibited in disclosing information related to submitted articles to any individuals other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers or the publisher, as necessary.

Conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author. Additionally, authors must not upload the same article that had been published and/or currently being submitted elsewhere.

Duties of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviewers assist the editor in making editorial decisions, while editorial communications with the author may also assist him/her in improving the paper.

Substitute reviewer

Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported on in a manuscript, or is aware that its prompt review is not possible, should notify the editor and excuse him/herself from the review process.


Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.


Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of fellow authors that is directed at the author or institutes of the submission is highly inappropriate. Evaluators should express their views clearly with supporting arguments, without any offense to any party.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work not cited by the authors. Any assertion that an observation, derivation or argument has been previously reported should be accompanied by a relevant citation. Reviewers should also notify the editor regarding any substantial similarity of the paper they are reviewing with other published papers of which they have known prior to the reviewing process. This is to ensure no plagiarism is done and that citation has been correctly done by the authors.

Conflict of Interest

The confidentiality of the manuscripts must have the utmost importance and evaluators must not exploit it for personal advantage or with regard of any competitive, collaborative, or other connections with any individuals, organizations, or institutions.

Duties of Authors

Reporting standards

Authors of the papers must present the accurate sources of the works done and formulate objective discussion of its significance. Supporting data must be presented accurately within the document and should contain necessary details and references to permit others to use it for their research. Inaccurate statements, plagiarism, and/or inaccurate source, are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors are requested to submit raw data relating to their paper for editorial review. They should be prepared, if feasible, to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases) and to retain such data for a reasonable period following publication. This data may be submitted by arranging it inside the paper and/or submitting it as supplementary files. Supplementary files with sufficient details and in the case of images, high definition resolution is preferable.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should ensure that the work produced is entirely original, with any references and/or quotations being appropriately cited or re-produced. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. In the case of indexing with plagiarism checker, the plagiarism percentage must not exceed 20%.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

Authors should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research submitted in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals would inevitably considered as unethical publishing behaviour and unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Full and appropriate acknowledgment of others’ work must be provided in sufficient details. Authors should cite publications influential in determining the nature of, or supporting, the submitted work.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those individuals making significant contributions to the concept, design, execution or interpretation of the submitted papers. All such collaborators should be listed as co-authors with necessary information. Others who have participated to achieve certain contribution in the research project should also be acknowledged and listed as contributors (corresponding authors may list them inside the paper in the ‘Acknowledgement’ section). The corresponding author should ensure that all relevant (and only relevant) co-authors are acknowledged within the paper, their having seen and approved the final version and having agreed to its submission for publication.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves the use of human beings, chemicals, animals, plants, microbes, procedures or equipment with any unusual inherent hazards, the author must clearly state these in the manuscript.

Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose within their manuscript regarding any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of their reported research. All sources of financial support for the project should also be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published work

In cases of an author discovering significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, it is his/her obligation to notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate in the correction or revocation of the paper.