Author Guidelines

The manuscript is submitted directly to FMNJ will automatically reject any manuscript submitted by e-mail or mail (letter). The manuscript should be written concisely for the readers outside the medical field or non-native English speakers to understand easily. In addition, the submitted manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is only being considered author(s) is requested to have ORCID ID upon submisson in this journal.

Submissions  should  be  done  by  the  authors.  Responsibility  for  the manuscript  during submission and peer-review process as well as the approval by all the other co-authors is fully on the submitting author. It is also the submitting author’s responsibility to guarantee that the article has all necessary institutional approvals.

The Editorial Board determines the feasible manuscripts after obtaining recommendations from  peer  reviewers.  The  revision  of  the  manuscript  is  author  responsibility,  whereas infeasible manuscript will be returned to the author.


The journal will consider the following article types:

Original Articles

Original Articles should report original clinical studies or research not previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere. The text should not exceed 7000 words, including list of authors and their affiliations, corresponding author, acknowledgements and figure legends, with an abstract of maximum 250 words, a list of minimum 25 references primarily from international journal indexed by Scopus or Web of Science, and maximum 5 figures/tables (see below for more details on the layout).

Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews are exhaustive, critical assessments of evidence from different data sources in relation to a given subject in the areas of nursing. A systematic search of the relevant data sources should be carried out and the items collected should be carefully evaluated for inclusion based on a-priori defined inclusion/exclusion criteria. A description and an analytical graphic representation of the process should be provided. The specific features of the participants' or patients' populations of the studies included in the review should be described as well as the measures of exposure and outcome with the indication of the corresponding data sources. A structured abstract is required (like for Short reviews). The text must not exceed 7000 words including the acknowledgments, with no more than 4 tables and/or figures and minimum 40 references.


Meta-analyses should follow the same guidelines as for systematic reviews. They are expected to provide exhaustive information and statistical assessment of pooled estimates of pre-defined outcomes, study heterogeneity and quality, possible publication bias, meta-regression and subgroup analyses when appropriate. Depending on the type of study, Authors are invited to submit PRISMA flow diagrams or MOOSE checklists. Both systematic reviews and meta-analyses will be dealt with ordinarily as original articles as far as the editorial process is concerned.


All manuscripts should follow the style below:

a.   File format

Manuscript files should be submitted in .doc or .docx formats.

b.  Length

The length of manuscript is described in article types due to the length is based on its type.

c.   Font

Use Cambria sized 10.

d.  Layout and spacing

Use single-spaced and not in multiple columns.

f.   Language

Manuscripts must be submitted in English.

g.   Abbreviations

Define abbreviations only at the first appearance in the text. Use standard abbreviations based on Medical Subject Heading (MeSH). Non-standard abbreviations may be used if they appear in text at least for three times.

h.  Reference style

Reference should be prepared according to 6th edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) style and numbered consecutively in order in which they cited in the text. References identified in text by Arabic numerals in superscript and always cited after dots or comma. Do not include citations in abstracts or  author  summaries. Authors  is  required  to  use  reference  management  software,  in writing the citations and references such as: Mendeley®, Zotero®, EndNote®, and Reference Manager®.

References from Journal:

Efendi, F., Chen, C. M., Nursalam, N., Indarwati, R., & Ulfiana, E. (2016). Lived experience of
Indonesian nurses in Japan: A phenomenological study. Japan Journal Nursing Science, 13(2),
284-293. doi:10.1111/jjns.12108


References from Book:

Kurniati, & Efendi, F. (2013). Human Resources for Health Country Profile of Indonesia. New Delhi:
WHO South-East Asia Region.


References from Website:

MoH. (2013). Sosialisasi Global Code of Practice on The International Recruitment of Health
Personnel [Dissemination Global Code of Practice on The International Recruitment of Health
Personnel]. Retrieved December 2, 2014, from


References from Conference:

Nursalam, Efendi, F., Dang, L. T. N., & Arief, Y. S. (2009). Nursing Education in Indonesia: Todays
and Future Role. Paper presented at the Shanghai International Conference, Shanghai.

i.   Equations

We recommend using equation function in Microsoft processor. Single variables (e.g., “a² + b² = c²”), other symbols (e.g., β or Δ), or mathematical operators (e.g., x, ≥, or ±) are not typed using equation function.

j.   Units of measurement

SI units are used.



Title and Authorship Information

The following information must be included:

•    Manuscript title

The title should be specific, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the medical field. Titles should be written in sentence case.

•    Full author names including corresponding author*

  1. The manuscript has main author and co-authors. Author names should not contain academic title or rank. Indicate the corresponding author clearly for handling all stages of pre-publication and post-publication. Consist of full name author and co-authors. *Corresponding author is a person who handle correspondence  at  all stages  of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. (E-mail  addresses)
  2. Author(s) is requested to have ORCID ID upon submission.

Abstract [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

The manuscript should contain an abstract that self-contained and citation-free. The abstract comes after title and authorship information in the manuscript.

It consists of : Introduction, Methods, Results, and Conclusion up to 250 words for Original Article, unstructured for Review article and unstructured up to 150 words for Case report.

  • Introduction: One or two sentences of background and purpose of study.
  • Method: describe the research design, settings (please do not mention the actual location, but use geographic type or number if necessary); Participants (details of how selected, inclusion and exclusion criteria, numbers entering and leaving the study, relevant clinical and demographic characteristics).
  • Results: report main outcome(s) /findings including (where relevant) levels of statistical significance and confidence intervals.
  • Conclusions: should relate to study aims and hypotheses.


The keywords should avoide general terms, plural terms and multiple concepts. The appropriate abbreviation is based on MeSH. Keywords are limited to 3 - 5 words or proper and convenient short phrases.

Introduction [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Explain how you addressed the problem and clearly state the aims of your study. Please describe in narrative format and not using sub- chapter.

Methods [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

Explain  in  detail  about  the  research  design,  settings,  time  frame,  variables,  population, samples, sampling, instruments, data analysis, and information of ethical clearance fit test. This chapter may be divided into sections if several methods are used.

Results [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

This  section  may  be  further  divided  into  subsections  with subheading. Describe  the significance of  your  findings and  the most important part of  your  manuscript.  Follow a logical  stream  of  thought;  in  general, the interpretation  as  well  as  the  experimental conclusions that can be drawn.

Discussion [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

Authors should explain how the results relate to the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provide a succinct explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research. The content of the discussion section includes: the explanation of results, references to previous research, deduction, and hypothesis. This section cannot be divided into subsections.

Conclusions [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the article, highlighting its importance and relevance as well as suggestion or recommendation for further research.


Those who contributed to the work but do not meet the authorship criteria should be listed in acknowledgments with a description of the contribution. Anyone named in the acknowledgments should agree beforehand. Moreover, authors should state how the research was funded in this section, including grant numbers if applicable.

Conflicts of Interest

All manuscripts for original articles, review articles, case report that are  submitted  to  the  journal must  be  accompanied  by  a  conflict  of  interest disclosure statement or a declaration by the authors that they do not have any conflicts of interest to declare.


The reference style is described above.


Figures and Tables


Cite figures in ascending Arabic numerals according to the first appearance in the manuscript file (e.g: Figure 1) and place [Figure 1 near here] in where it should be within the manuscript. Figures should be uploaded in PowerPoint for the first submission. However, the original formats should be submitted if the manuscript is accepted or revised. The original format must be in JPEG or PNG and not be smaller than 300 dpi. A figure label uses Arabic numerals. The labels of your figure must be matched with the name of the file uploaded (e.g. a figure citation of “Figure 1” must refer to a figure file named “Figure1.jpeg”). The figures are uploaded directly to https://e- (Supplementary file)

Tables [Cambria 10pt, Single space]

Cite tables in ascending Arabic numerals according to the first appearance in the manuscript file. Each table is placed after the references in order. Tables require a label with Arabic numerals in order (e.g., “Table 1”, “Table 2”, and so on) and brief descriptive title to be placed above the table. Vertical rules should not be used. Place the tables after references. Do not submit your tables in separate files.

Supplementary Materials

Supplementary materials are the additional parts to a manuscript, such as audio files, video clips, or datasets that might be of interest to readers, however the size of the files could not be bigger than 10 Mb. Authors can submit one file of supplementary material along with their manuscript through the website.

A section titled “Supplementary Material” should be included before the references list with a concise description for each supplementary material file. Supplementary materials are not modified by our production team. Authors are responsible for providing the final supplementary materials files that will be published along with the article. Supporting information files that published will not be edited.



Please double-check the structures of the manuscript before it submitted to BHSJ, as follows below :

Beginning section    The following chapters are required in order of:

•    Title page, authors, and affiliations are assigned in the first page of manuscript (seperate sheet)

•   Abstract (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Conclusion) or unstructured

•   Keywords (3-5 words)

•   Introduction

Middle section         The following chapters are required in order of:

•    Methods

•    Results

•    Discussion

•    Conclusions

Ending section         The following chapters are required in order of:

•    Acknowledgments

•    Conflict of interest

•    Supplementary Material (if needed)

•    References

•    Tables (seperate page)



Reporting guidelines are supported by the archival journal below:



As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items. Submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  2. The author(s) haven’t suggested any personal information that may make the identity of the patient recognizable in any form of description, photograph or pedigree. When the photographs of the patient are essential and indispensable as scientific information, the author(s) must have received the consent in written form and have clearly stated such.
  3. Where available, URIn case of experimenting on humans, the author(s) have certified that the process of the research is in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki declaration, as well as any domestic and foreign committees that preside over the experiment. If any doubts are raised as to whether the research proceeded in accordance with the Helsinki declaration, then author(s) are required to explain it. In the case of experimenting on animals, the author(s) have certified that the author(s) had followed the necessary domestic and foreign guidelines related to experimenting on animals in a laboratory.Ls for the references have been provided.
  4. The author(s) have received consent from the author or editor of any pictures or table quoted from other journals or books. A portion or the entirety of the article must not have been published in other journals, nor must it have contributed to other journals or is still under review.
  5. Author(s) of the journal have clarified everything that may arise such as work, research expenses, consultant expenses, and intellectual property on the document in relation to the ICMJE form disclosure of conflicts of interest.