Risk Perception and COVID-19 Transmission Experiences in Indonesia 2022

Covid-19 Indonesia risk perception transmission experience

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Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia has not officially ended, and due to the apparent underestimation
of protective behavior, it is imperative to continuously promote public awareness and implement health protocols to
control its spread. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the community's risk perception and experiences of COVID-19
transmission in Indonesia. Method: This study was conducted in 2022 using an online survey. The questionnaire was
developed based on a standard questionnaire (ECOM, 2015) on the risk perception of an infectious disease outbreak. It was
then distributed through various social media platforms, including WhatsApp, Facebook, and Instagram. Result: According
to all ten risk perception distribution data, the majority of respondents considered COVID-19 a threat. This showed that
most respondents had intense COVID-19 transmission directly or indirectly. This study also revealed that there were more
female respondents than men. Conclusion: Individuals who had contracted COVID-19 might have different perceptions
compared to those who had not been infected. Furthermore, experiences such as the COVID-19 transmission involving
relatives and friends might also shape an individual’s risk perception, particularly in implementing protective behavior,
in this case, health protocol. Control measures based on gender should also be considered to ensure the effectiveness of
the COVID-19 risk management.