THE ANALYSIS OF FIRE ENGINEERING AND ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL AT BUILDING X UNIVERSITY Y YEAR 2018

Fandita Tonyka Maharani, Azizah Musliha Fitri, Arga Buntara

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/ijosh.v8i1.2019.57-65
Abstract views = 121 times | views = 69 times

Abstract


Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency mentioned that the capital approximately has 900 high building, however only 20 % of them possessed adequate safety precaution. Data from the Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency show that in 2018, 1,106 fire cases caused economic loss worth around Rp 151,498,186,111. Building X University Y is used every day with more than 500 occupants for education purpose. The aim of this study was to analyze fire engineering and administrative controls in the building according to the standards (National Fire Protection Association standards and the Regulation of Minister of Public Works No. 26/PRT/M/2008). This study used analytical descriptive design with direct observation as study method. The study was conducted in July 2018. The study found that the building has not met the adequate standards yet, such as active and passive protection systems, and the means of the evacuation system. There were no active protection systems. The only implemented passive protection system was a compartmentation system which divided the building into cells designed to resist the fire spread when it happens. There were no other passive protection systems found in the structure. All doors and windows were made of woods and glasses. There were no means of evacuation in the building. There were no administrative controls in the building. Appropriate controls are required in the building, involving fire engineering and administrative controls because the building lack of fire protective and precaution systems.


Keywords: evacuation system, fire control, protection system


Full Text:

PDF

References


Arrazy, S., Elvi, S., Anita, R., 2014. Implementation Of Fire Safety Management System At Dr. Sobirin Hospital District Of Musi Rawas 2013. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, [e-Journal] 5920: pp. 103-111

Brushlinsky, N. N., Ahrens, M., Sokolov, S. V. & Wagner, P., 2017. World Fire Statistics. s.l.: International Association of Fire and Rescue Services

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention., 2015. Hierarchy of Controls [Online]. USA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Firestop Contractors International Association., 2008. Life Safety Digest. New Jersey: The McGraw-Hill Cos

Firestop Contractors International Association., 2008. Fire and Life Safety through Effective Compartmentation and Firestopping. Hillside: Firestop Contractors International Association

Henderson, R. E., 2005. Understanding Combustible Sensor Performance. Paradise: Enviromed Detection Services

ISAFETY Magazine., 2018. Gedung Kemenhub Terbakar, 3 Tewas, [Online]. Jakarta: ISAFETY Magazine

Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency. 2017. Fire Statistic According to the Causes, [Online]. Jakarta: Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency

Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency. 2018. The Amount Number of Fire Cases, [Online]. Jakarta: Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency

Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency. 2018. Basic Knowledge, [Online]. Jakarta: Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency

Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency. 2018. Korsleting, Gedung Trisakti Terbakar, [Online]. Jakarta: Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency

Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency. 2017. Ada 17 Bangunan Gedung di DKI Jakarta Belum Memenuh Standar Keamanan Kebakaran, [Online]. Jakarta: Jakarta Provincial Fire and Rescue Agency

Jakarta Regional Disaster Management Agency. Disaster Infographic, [Online]. Jakarta: Jakarta Regional Disaster Management Agency

Kowara, R. A., 2017. Analisis Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran Sebagai Upaya Pencegahan Dan Penanggulangan Kebakaran (Studi Di Pt. Pjb Up Brantas Malang). Jurnal Manajemen Kesehatan Yayasan RS Dr. Soetomo, [e-Journal] 3(1): pp. 70-85

Li, X., Sun, X-q., Wong, C-F., Hadjisophocleous, G., 2016. Effects of Fire Barriers on Building Fire Risk – A Case Study Using CU Risk. Procedia of Engineering [online] 135: pp. 445-454

National Fire Protection Association, 2002. NFPA 101B - Code for Means of Egress for Building and Structures. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2005. NFPA 221 - Standard for High Challenge Fire Walls, Fire Walls, and Fire Barrier Walls 2006 Edition. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2006. NFPA 80 - Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives 2007 Edition. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2010. NFPA 14 - Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2010. NFPA 72 - National Fire Alarm and Signaling Code. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2012. NFPA 99 - Standard for Health Care Facilities Code - Tentative Interim Amendment. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2013. NFPA 10 - Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers. Quincy, MA: NFPA

National Fire Protection Association, 2013. NFPA 13 - Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems. Quincy, MA: NFPA

NZ Fire Doors., Fire Windows 101. [Online] Auckland: NZ Fire Doors

Septiana, P., 2011. Gambaran Sarana Penyelamatan Jiwa dan Sistem Proteksi Aktif terhadap Pengamanan Bahaya Kebakaran di RS. Pondok Bambu. Skripsi. Depok: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia

Putri, O. A., 2016. Evaluasi Penerapan Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran Aktif Di PT. Reckitt Benckiser Ind onesia Semarang Factory Departemen Pre Produksi. Skripsi. Semarang: Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan Universitas Negeri Semarang

Quintere, J. G., 2006. Fundamentals of Fire Phenomena. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Ramli, S., 2010. Petunjuk Praktis Manajemen Kebakaran (Fire Management). Jakarta: Dian Rakyat

Richards, T. W., Hubert, C. F., George, F. F., 1998. Methods of Preparing Fire Doors. Georgia: United States Patent

Siregar, A. P., 2016. Evaluasi Kesiapan Lingkungan Kerja Dalam Menghadapi Bahaya Kebakaran Menurut Aspek Keselamatan Dan Kesehatan Kerja (K3) Pada Gedung Rektorat Dan Gedung Upt Perpustakaan Universitas Lampung. Tesis. Bandar Lampung: Program Studi Pasca Sarjana Ilmu Lingkungan Universitas Lampung

Stephanie., 2017. Evaluasi Sistem Proteksi Pasif Kebakaran Bangunan (Studi Kasus: Millennium ICT Centre. Skripsi. Medan: Fakultas Teknik Universitas Sumatera Utara

The Regulation of Minister of Labour No. Kep.186/MEN/1999. Jakarta: Ministry of Labour of Indonesia

The Regulation of Minister of Public Works No. 26/PRT/M/2008: Ministry of Public Works of Indonesia

Ummah, H. A., 2016. Gambaran Sistem Penanggulangan Kebakaran di PT. PLN Area Pengatur Distribusi Jateng & DIY. Skripsi. Semarang: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

View IJOSH Stats  

In collaboration with:

Asosiasi Hiperkes dan Keselamatan Kerja Indonesia (AHKKI) Wilayah Jawa Timur 

MOU dengan AHKKI

This Journal is Indexed By: