EFFECT OF WONDERFUL KOLA SEED MEAL (Buccholzia coriacea) ON GROWTH, MASCULINIZING POTENCY AND GONAD GROSS MORPHOLOGY OF THE NILE TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus, LINNAEUS 1758)

Felix Eze, Eyo Victor Oscar

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jafh.v8i3.14789
Abstract views = 331 times | downloads = 368 times

Abstract


This study was aimed to investigate the effect of Buchholcia coriacea on the masculinization of Oreochromis niloticus. Five days old mixed sex of O. niloticus (mean weight 0.2g, mean length 0.45mm) were subjected to powdered B. coriacea seeds meal (BSM) at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10g/kg twice daily for 1 month in an indoor experimental plastic basin capacity (50cm in diameter and 30cm deep) in duplicates with a total of six treatments in a complete randomized design. After which there were later fed with a normal diet in an outdoor concrete tank of size 1m3 for another one month. One way ANOVA and LSD were used to analyze the experimental data. The result obtained in this study showed that fish fed with 4g/kg BSM powdered BSM had the highest number (83.33%) of males which was significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to all other treatments categories. The highest survival rate (100%) was recorded in fish fed with 6g/kg BSM. The highest mean length, mean weight and weight gain observed are 0.488mm, 4.68g, and 4.65g respectively. The result of the histology showed that B. coriacea altered the sex of O. niloticus due to the presence of a hormone called dopamine in the kola. Conclusively, B. coriacea showed potential reproduction control in Oreochromis niloticus.



Keywords


Wonderful kola, Buccholzia coriacea, masculinization, growth performance, gonad gross morphology, Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus

Full Text:

PDF

References


A.O.A.C., 2006. Official Methods of Analysis of A. O. A. C. International. (17th Ed.). Washington, US.

Adesule, E.A., 1997. Current status of tilapia in Nigerian Aquaculture. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture. 2, pp.577-583.

Amaechi, N.C., 2009. Nutritive and Anti-Nutritive evaluation of Wonderful kola (Buccholzia coriacea) seeds. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Volume 8 (8): pp.1120-1122.

Baroiller, J.F., Chourrout, D., Fostier, A., and Jalabert, B., 1995. Temperature and sex chromosomes govern sex-ratios of the mouthbrooding cichlid fish Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 22, pp.265-268.

Baroiller, J.F., and D’Cotta, H., 2009. Involvement of steroids in the natural and temperature-induced sex differentiation in the tilapia, O. niloticus. In: Kagawa, production of monosex genetic male tilapia. Aquaculture 16:233–242.

Belal, I.E., Al-Jasser, M.S., 2000. Replacing dietary starch with pitted date fruit in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (L.) feed. Aquacult. Res, 28(6):pp.385-389.

Bentsen, H.B., Gjerde, B., Nguyen, N.H., Rye, M., Ponzoni, R. W., PaladadeVera, M.S., Bolivar, H.L., Velasco,R.R., Danting, J.C., Dionisio, E.E., Longalong, F.M., Reyes, R.A., Abella,T.A., Tayamen, M.M., and Eknath, A.E., 2012.Genetic improvement of farmed tilapias: genetic parameters for body weight at harvest in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) during five generations of testing in multiple environments. Aquaculture. Pp.56–65.

Clemens, H.P., and Inslee, T., 1968. The production of a unisexual brood of Tilapia mossambica sex-reversed with methyltestosterone. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 97, p18–21.

El-Sayed, A-F.M., 2006. Tilapia Culture. CABI, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. 111, p1901.

Ezeji, M.I., Ezeigbo, I.I., and Madubuike, K.G., 2011. Analgesic activity of the methanolic seed of Buchholzia coriacea. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and chemical Science., 2(1): pp.187-193.

FAO. 2007. Fisheries Department, Fishery Information, Data and Statistics Unit. Fishstat Plus: Vers. 2. fingerlings in Philippines. pp.183–186.

Garcia-Ulloa, M., Hernández-Garciabada, F., 2004. Effect of feeding ration on growth performance of Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters) larvae using decapsulated Artemia cysts as a dietary supplement. Hidrobiológica, 14, pp.137-144.

Giuliano, F., and Allard, J., 2001. Dopamine and sexual function. International Journal of Impotence Research, 13(3): pp.S18-S28.

Guerrero, R.D. III., 1982. Control of tilapia reproduction. eds. R.S.V. Pullin and R.H. lowe McConnell. The Biology and Culture of Tilapias. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 7. Manila, Philippines. pp.309-316.

Hickling, C.F., 1960. The Malacca tilapia hybrids. Journal of Genetics, 57: pp.1-10.

Jegede, T., Fagbenro, O., 2008. Histology of gonads in Tilapia zillii (Gervais) fed neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf meal diets. In: Elghobashy, H.; Fitzsimmons, K.; Diab, A. S. (Eds). From the pharaohs to the future. 8th Int. Symp. on Tilapia in Aquacult Proc., Cairo, Egypt. Pp.1129-1134.

Jobling, M., 1994. Environmental biology of fishes. (Padstow) Ltd. Cornwall, Great Britain TJ Press. Pp.211-249.Keay R.W.J., 1989. Trees of Nigeria, Clarendon Press, Oxford. Pp.42-44.

Kumar, A. and Rao, S.R., 2011. Cytological investigations in some important tree species of Rajasthan. III. Karyomorphological studies in the Genus Salvadora L. 25, pp.326-330.

Little, D.C., Bhujel, RC., and Pham, T.A., 2003. Advanced nursing of mixed-sex and mono-sex tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fry, and its impact on subsequent growth in fertilized ponds. Aquaculture; 221, pp.265–276.

Lovshin, L.L., 1975. Tilapia hybridization. The Biology and Culture of Tilapias. ICLARM Conference Proceedings 7. International Center for Living Resources Management, Manila, Philippines. pp.279–308.

Lovshin, L.L., Da Silva, A.B., Carneiro-Sobrinho, A., and Melo, F.R., 1997. Effects of Oreochromis niloticus females on the growth and yield of male hybrids (O. niloticus female x O. hornorum male) cultured in earthen ponds. Aquaculture 88, pp.55–60.

Macintosh, D.C. and Little, D.C., 1995. Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). N.R. Bromage and R.J. Roberts, eds. Broodstock Management and Egg and Larval Quality. Blackwell Science Ltd., London, UK. Pp.277–320.

Mair, G.C., and Little, D.C., 1991. Population control in farmed tilapia. NAGA, ICLARM Quarterly, Manila, Philippines 14 (3): pp.8-13.

Mair, G.C., Abucay, J.S., Skibinski, D.O.F., Abella, T.A., and Beardmore, J.A., 1991. Genetic manipulation of sex ratio for large scale production of all-male tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Canadian Journal of Aquatic Science; 54: pp.396-404.

Mbata, T. I., Debiao, L. U., and Saikia, A., 2009. Antibacterial activity of the crude extract of Chinese green tea (Camellia sinensis) on Listeria monocytogenes. African Journal of Biotechnology 7: pp.1571–1573.

Nantia, I., Schartl, M., Feichtinger, W., Epplen, J.T., and Schmid, M., 2011. Early stages of sex-chromosome differentiation in fish as analyzed by simple repetitive DNA-sequences. Chromosoma 101, pp.301–310.

Okoko, M., 1996. Effect of 17-alpha-methyl testosterone concentrations on the sex ratio and gonadal development of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Masters Thesis, Auburn University, Alabama, US. Pp.203-207.

Olaniyi, A. O., 1988. Credit Financing of Aquaculture Programmes A Review, Proceedings of the Sixth Annual Conference of FISON. 339-347P.

Pandian, T., Koteeswaran, R., 1998. Ploidy induction and sex control in fish. Hydrobiologia 384, pp.167– 243.

Popma, T.J., and Phelps, R.P., 1998. Status report to commercial tilapia producers in monosex fingerling production techniques. Latin American Chapter, World Aquaculture Society, Aquaculture Brazil’98. Recife, Brazil. Pp.2–6.

Shelton, W.L., Meriwether, F.H., Semmens, K.J., and Calhoun, W.E., 1983. Progeny sex ratios from intraspecific pair spawnings of Tilapia aurea and T. nilotica. In: Fishelson, L., Yaron, Z. ŽEds.., Proc. Int. Symp. on Tilapia in Aquaculture, May 1983, Nazareth, Israel, pp.270–280P.

Shukla, K.K., Mahdi, A.A., Ahmad, M.K., Jaiswar, S.P., Shankwar, S,N., and Tiwari, S.N., 2010. Mucuna prurien sreduces stress and improves the quality of semen in infertile men. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine,7, pp.137–144.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecam/nem171.

Siraj, S.S., Smitherman, R.O., Castillo-Gallusser, S., and Dunham, R.A., 1983. Reproductive traits for three-year classes of Tilapia nilotica and maternal effects on their progeny. Pp.210–218.

Swingle, H.S., 1960. Comparative evaluation of two tilapia as pondfishes in Alabama. Transactions of American Fisheries Society 89, pp.142–148.

Tayamen, M.M., and Shelton, W.L., 1978. Inducement of sex reversal in Sarotherodon niloticus (Linnaeus). Aquaculture, 14, 349-354.

Trewavas, E., 1983 Tilapiine Fishes of the genera Sarotherodon, Oreochromis and Danakilia. British Museum (Natural History), London. 57, pp.1-10.

Walker, A.R., and Sillans, R., 1961. Les Plantes Utiles du Gabon, Paul Lechevalier, Paris pp. 117-118.

Walker, D.L., Ressler, K.J., Lu, K.T., and Davis, M., 1953. Facilitation of conditioned fear extinction by systemic administration or intra-amygdala infusions of D-cycloserine as assessed with fear-potentiated startle in rats. J Neurosci 22, pp.2343-2351.

Wohlfarth, G.W., 1994. The unexploited potential of tilapia hybrids in aquaculture. Aquacult. Fish. Manage. 25, pp.781–788.

Yamamoto, T., 1951. Artificially induced sex-reversal in genotypic males of the medaka (Oryziaslatipes) J. Exp. Zool; 123, pp.571–594.

Yamamoto, T. (1963). Artificially induced sex-reversal in genotypic males of the medaka (Oryzias latipes). J. Exp. Zool. 123, 571-594.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Felix Eze

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing by:

      

     

  

 

JAFH

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Flag Counter