COMMUNITY KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND BEHAVIOR TOWARDS SOCIAL DISTANCING POLICY AS PREVENTION TRANSMISSION OF COVID-19 IN INDONESIA

Budi Yanti, Eko Mulyadi, Wahiduddin Wahiduddin, Revi Gama Hatta Novika, Yuliana Mahdiyah Da’at Arina, Natalia Sri Martani, Nawan Nawan

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jaki.v8i2.2020.4-14
Abstract views = 6598 times | downloads = 10947 times

Abstract


Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV2 recently became a pandemic worldwide, such as in Indonesia. Social distancing is one of the recommended mitigations to reduce the risk of disasters, such as morbidity and mortality caused by COVID-19. Community compliance with social distancing is a part of the pandemic control.

Aims: This study identified knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 transmission through social distancing during COVID-19 pandemic among Indonesian community.

Methods: This descriptive study applied a cross-sectional design and distributed closed questions with online  questionnaire randomly to 34 provinces in Indonesia on social media networks and e-mail. This study successfully collected 1,102 respondents from 29 provinces in Indonesia. The data were analyzed descriptively by calculating frequency, percentage, and cross-tabulation.

Results: This study had successfully identified  99%, 59%, and 93% of respondents with good knowledge, positive attitudes, and good behavior respectively towards  social distancing. Among the respondents who had good knowledge showed positive attitudes (58.85%) and good behavior (93.3%). The respondents who had positive attitudes showed good behavior (96.7%).

Conclusion: Indonesian community had good knowledge, attitude and behavior towards social distancing as a way to prevent the virus transmission. This strongly supports disaster mitigation in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia.

 

Keywords: attitudes, behavior, COVID-19, knowledge, social distancing.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmadi (2013) Kesehatan Masyarakat, teori dan aplikasi. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo.

Ahmed, F., Zviedrite, N. and Uzicanin, A. (2018) ‘Effectiveness of workplace social distancing measures in reducing influenza transmission: A systematic review’, BMC Public Health. BMC Public Health, 18(518), pp. 1–13. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5446-1.

Ajzen, I. (2002) ‘Perceived Behavioral Control, Self-Efficacy, Locus of Control, and the Theory of Planned Behavior’, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32(4), pp. 665–683. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2002.tb00236.x.

Albarracin, D. et al. (2001) ‘Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior as models of condom use: A meta-analysis.’, Psychological bulletin, 127(1), pp. 142–161. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.127.1.142.

American Library Association (2020) Covid-19 Corona Virus Pandemic, Worldometer. Available at: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/?utm_campaign=homeAdvegas1?%22 (Accessed: 9 April 2020).

Anwar, S. (1988) Sikap Manusia dan Pegukurannya. Yogyakarta: Liberty.

Bandura, C. E. (1986) Social foundations of thought and action. London: SAGE publication.

Barley, E. and Lawson, V. (2016) ‘Using Health Psychology to Help Patients: Theories of Behaviour Change’, British Journal of Nursing, 25(16), pp. 924–927.

Bedford, J. et al. (2020) ‘COVID-19: towards controlling of a pandemic’, The Lancet, 395(10229), pp. 1015–1018. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30673-5.

Chaiklin, H. (2011) ‘Attitudes , Behavior , and Social Practice’, The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare, 38(1), pp. 31–54.

Cowell, A. J. (2006) ‘The relationship between education and health behavior: Some empirical evidence’, Health Economics, 15(2), pp. 125–146. doi: 10.1002/hec.1019.

Darker, C. D. et al. (2010) ‘An intervention to promote walking amongst the general population based on an “extended” theory of planned behaviour: a waiting list randomised controlled trial.’, Psychology & health, 25(1), pp. 71–88. doi: 10.1080/08870440902893716.

Ferreira, G. and Pereira, M. G. (2017) ‘Physical activity: The importance of the extended theory of planned behavior, in type 2 Diabetes patients.’, Journal of health psychology, 22(10), pp. 1312–1321. doi: 10.1177/1359105315626787.

Glass, R. J. et al. (2006) ‘Targeted social distancing design for pandemic influenza’, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(11), pp. 1671–1681. doi: 10.3201/eid1211.060255.

Guan, W. J., Chen, R. C. and Zhong, N. S. (2020) ‘Strategies for the prevention and management of coronavirus disease 2019’, The European respiratory journal, 55(4). doi: 10.1183/13993003.00597-2020.

Guo, Y. R. et al. (2020) ‘The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak - an update on the status’, Military Medical Research. Military Medical Research, 7(11), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1186/s40779-020-00240-0.

Herman, H. et al. (2015) ‘The Community Disease Prevention Behaviors in District Maros South Sulawesi Province’, International Education Studies, 8(11), pp. 104–112. doi: 10.5539/ies.v8n11p104.

Hoffmann, M. et al. (2020) ‘SARS-CoV-2 Cell Entry Depends on ACE2 and TMPRSS2 and Is Blocked by a Clinically Proven Protease Inhibitor’, Cell, 181(2), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2020.02.052.

Huda, N. et al. (2012) ‘The Analysis of Attitudes , Subjective Norms , and Behavioral Control on Muzakki ’ s Intention to Pay Zakah’, International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(22), pp. 271–279.

Jannuzzi, F. F. et al. (2020) ‘Psychosocial determinants of adherence to oral antidiabetic medication among people with type 2 diabetes.’, Journal of clinical nursing, 29(5–6), pp. 909–921. doi: 10.1111/jocn.15149.

Kapur, R. (2018) Impact of Culture on Education. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/323794724_Impact_of_Culture_on_Education.

Kast, F. and Rosenzweig, J. (2003) Orgnasisi dan manajemen. 4th edn. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Kelso, J. K., Milne, G. J. and Kelly, H. (2009) ‘Simulation suggests that rapid activation of social distancing can arrest epidemic development due to a novel strain of influenza’, BMC Public Health, 9(117), pp. 1–10. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-117.

Lewnard, J. A. and Lo, N. C. (2020) ‘Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19’, The Lancet Infectious Diseases. Elsevier Ltd, 3099(20), pp. 1–2. doi: 10.1016/s1473-3099(20)30190-0.

Li, X. et al. (2020) ‘Molecular immune pathogenesis and diagnosis of COVID-19’, Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis. Elsevier Ltd, 10(2), pp. 102–108. doi: 10.1016/j.jpha.2020.03.001.

Liu, L. et al. (2016) ‘Use of a knowledge-attitude-behaviour education programme for Chinese adults undergoing maintenance haemodialysis: Randomized controlled trial’, The Journal of international medical research. 2016/03/07. SAGE Publications, 44(3), pp. 557–568. doi: 10.1177/0300060515604980.

Maharaj, S. and Kleczkowski, A. (2012) ‘Controlling epidemic spread by social distancing: do it well or not at all.’, BMC public health, 12(679), pp. 1–16. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-679.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2012) Promosi Kesehatan dan Perilaku Kesehatan. jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Pawelek, K. A., Salmeron, C. and Valle, S. Del (2015) ‘Connecting within and between-hosts dynamics in the influenza infection-staged epidemiological models with behavior change’, Journal of Coupled Systems and Multiscale Dynamics, 3(3), pp. 233–243. doi: 10.1166/jcsmd.2015.1082.

Prompetchara, E., Ketloy, C. and Palaga, T. (2020) ‘Immune responses in COVID-19 and potential vaccines: Lessons learned from SARS and MERS epidemic’, Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology, 38(1), pp. 1–9. doi: 10.12932/AP-200220-0772.

Reluga, T. C. (2010) ‘Game theory of social distancing in response to an epidemic’, PLoS Computational Biology, 6(5), pp. 1–9. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000793.

Robbins, S. P. (2007) Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Robinson, J. G. et al. (2009) ‘Attitudes About Health and Health-Related Behaviors in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease or at Elevated Risk for Cardiovascular Disease’, Preventive Cardiology, 12(3), pp. 136–143. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7141.2009.00037.x.

Saifulloh, M. (2020) Nafsu Mudik Dini ditengah Pandemic Corona. Available at: https://www.okezone.com/tren/read/2020/03/27/620/2190127/nafsu-mudik-dini-di-tengah-pandemi-virus-corona (Accessed: 23 April 2020).

Saunders-Hastings, P. R. and Krewski, D. (2016) ‘Reviewing the history of pandemic influenza: Understanding patterns of emergence and transmission’, Pathogens, 5(4), pp. 1–19. doi: 10.3390/pathogens5040066.

Thurstone, L. L. (1928). ‘Attitudes can be measured’, American Journal of Sociology, 33, pp. 529–554.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Web
Analytics

Views JAKI Stats

 

This journal is indexed by:

   

     

And many more...

We follow the ICMJE recommendations and Listed on 

 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.