Budi Yanti, Eko Mulyadi, Wahiduddin Wahiduddin, Revi Gama Hatta Novika, Yuliana Mahdiyah Da’at Arina, Natalia Sri Martani, Nawan Nawan

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Background: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV2 recently became a pandemic worldwide, such as in Indonesia. Social distancing is one of the recommended mitigations to reduce the risk of disasters, such as morbidity and mortality caused by COVID-19. Community compliance with social distancing is a part of the pandemic control.

Aims: This study identified knowledge, attitudes, and behavior towards the prevention of SARS-CoV-2 transmission through social distancing during COVID-19 pandemic among Indonesian community.

Methods: This descriptive study applied a cross-sectional design and distributed closed questions with online  questionnaire randomly to 34 provinces in Indonesia on social media networks and e-mail. This study successfully collected 1,102 respondents from 29 provinces in Indonesia. The data were analyzed descriptively by calculating frequency, percentage, and cross-tabulation.

Results: This study had successfully identified  99%, 59%, and 93% of respondents with good knowledge, positive attitudes, and good behavior respectively towards  social distancing. Among the respondents who had good knowledge showed positive attitudes (58.85%) and good behavior (93.3%). The respondents who had positive attitudes showed good behavior (96.7%).

Conclusion: Indonesian community had good knowledge, attitude and behavior towards social distancing as a way to prevent the virus transmission. This strongly supports disaster mitigation in controlling the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia.


Keywords: attitudes, behavior, COVID-19, knowledge, social distancing.

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