The Association Between Exercise Habit and Incidence of Hypertension Among Patients over 45 Years Old

Librianti Putriastuti

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jbe.V4I22016.225-236
Abstract views = 489 times | views = 1551 times

Abstract


Hypertension is the one of non-communicable diseases that interferes  circulation system and quite disturbing the public’s health. Globally, hypertension is estimated to causes 7,5 million deaths, about 12,8% of all deaths. The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation between exercise habit with hypertension incidence in patients more than 45 years old. This research was observasional analytic study and used cross sectional design. This research was conducted to 97 patients who visited Kedurus public health center in May 2015used systematic random sampling. The dependent variable in this study was hypertension, while independent variables were the status of exercise, frequency of exercise and duration of exercise. Data were analyzed by chi-square test. The result showed that the incidence of hypertension mostly suffered by respondents age 45 to 59 years old was equal to 52,8%, female (80,6%) and educational level was senior high school (26.4%). The crosstabulation with chi-square test showed that there was a significant correlation between status of exercise with hypertension incidence (p=0,001). Beside that, unsignificant correlations were shown between frequency of exercise (p=0,068) and duration of exercise (p= 0,710) with hypertension in patients more than 45 years old. From all variables which were studied, only status of exercise that had a significant correlation with hypertension incidence in patients more than 45 years old. Therefore, it is recommended especially for people more than 45 years old to do regular blood pressure check and exercise to reduce the risk of hypertension.

Keywords:      hypertension, status of exercise, frequency of exercise, duration of exercise, more than 45 years old

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