Keterlibatan Amerika Serikat di Kawasan Golden Crescent: Analisis Geopolitik terhadap Kejahatan Transnasional

Hilda Ariastuti

Abstract views = 1550 times | downloads = 1344 times


This article analyzes the phenomenon of transnational organized crime
in the Golden Crescent, one of the biggest producers of opium globally,
and the United States’ involvement in the region. The author discusses
the production base for opium in the Golden Crescent by focusing on
one country, namely Afghanistan. There are two main findings in this
study, namely the Golden Crescent region as a significant producer and
distributor of the global opium trade; and the business and political
interests that the United States brought in its invasion of Afghanistan. One
of them is his interest in drug trafficking, which is considered to be highly
profitable. This research concludes that the United States has political
and economic advantage motives in its invasion of Afghanistan and its
involvement in the Golden Crescent.


Transnational organized crimes, drugs trafficking, Golden Crescent, Afghanistan, United States

Full Text:



Buku atau Artikel dalam Buku

Boivin, Remi, 2013. “Drug Trafficking Networks in the World

Economy”, dalam Carlo Morselli (ed.), Crime and Networks.

New York: Routledge.

Sherman, Jill, 2010. Drug Trafficking. Minneapolis: BDO Publishing


May, Channing. 2017. Transnational Crime and the Developing

World. Washington, DC: Global Financial Integrity.

McFarlane, John, 2001. Transnational Crime and the Asia Pacific

Security. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Artikel Jurnal

Boister, Neil, 2003. “’Transnational Criminal Law’?”, European

Journal of International Law, 14 (5): 953–976.

Farooq, Syeda Ayesha et al., 2017. “Opium trade and the spread of

HIV in the Golden Crescent”, Harm Reduction Journal, 14 (1):


Publikasi Resmi

Kantor Narkotika dan Kejahatan PBB, 2000. United Nations

Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and The

Protocols Thereto. Wina: United Nations Office on Drugs and


Arikel Daring

Chossudovsky, Michel, 20o5. “The Spoils of War: Afghanistan’s

Multibillion Dollar Heroin Trade. Washington’s Hidden

Agenda: Restore the Drug Trade”, Global Research: Centre for

Research on Globalization, 14 Juni [daring]. Tersedia dalam


source=article_page&utm_medium=related-articles (diakses pada

Desember 2019).

Chossudovsky, Michel. 2007. “Heroin is ‘Good for Your Health’:

Occupation Forces support Afghan Narcotics Trade”, Global

Research: Centre for Research on Globalization, 23 Agustus

[daring]. Tersedia dalam


trade/5514 (diakses pada 19 Desember 2019).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

e-ISSN: 2715-1565

p-ISSN: 1411-9382

Jurnal Hubungan Internasional is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexed By: