The Anti-War Movement through Romanticism of the Hippies Culture on Vietnam War 65-73

Dwi Mifta Nugroho, Muhammad J.B. Firdaus, Adam J. Wijaya

Abstract views = 927 times | downloads = 1848 times


In this paper, the authors try to provide an overview of the new social
movement variant, which is the anti-war movements initiated by hippies.
The hippie culture developed rapidly in the 1960s in the United States
and now has spread to the whole world through cultural globalization.
Hippie Movement itself is a subculture movement that has a significant
role in forming a counter-culture in the United States. This movement’s
success cannot be separated from the support of the musicians of
the world through popular culture that will be discussed in this paper through
cultural globalization.


anti-war movements; globalization; hippie; USA; new social movements

Full Text:




Castells, M., 2010. The Rise of Network Society, Vol. 1 of the

Information Age: Economy Society and Culture (2nd

Edition). Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Donk, W. V. D., Loader, B. D., and Nixon, P.G., 2004. Cyberprotest:

New Media, Citizens and Social Movement. London:


Held, D., McGrew, A., Goldblatt, D., and Perraton, J., 1999.

“Globalization, Culture, and the Fate of Nations”, in David

Held, Anthony McGrew, David Goldblatt, and Jonathan

Perraton (eds.), Global Transformations. Stanford: Stanford

University Press.

Macfarlane, S., 2007. The Hippie Narrative A Literary Perspective

on the Counterculture. Jefferson: McFarland & Company,

Inc., Publishers.

McQuail, D., 2010. Mass Communication Theory (6th Edition).

London: Sage Publications.

Miller, T., 1991. The Hippies And American Values 2nd Edition.

Knoxville: The University of Tennessee Press.

Parenti, M., 2001. Against Empire. San Francisco: City Lights



Buechler, S. M., 1995. “New Social Movement Theories”, The

Sociological Quarterly, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 441-464.

Buttgieg, J. A., 2005. “The Contemporary Discourse on Civil Society:

A Gramscian Critique”, Boundary 2, 32(1), pp. 33-52.

Eyerman, R., 2002. “Music in Movement: Cultural Politics and Old

and New Social Movements”, Qualitative Sociology, Vol. 25,

No. 3, pp. 443-458.

Das, M., 1981. “Social Movements, Social Change and Mass

Jurnal Hubungan Internasional □ Tahun XIII, No. 2, Juli - Desember 2020 311

Dwi M. Nugroho, Muhammad J.B. Firdaus, dan Adam J. Wijaya

Communication”, International Review of Modern

Sociology, Vol. 11 (Jan-Des 1981). pp. 127-143.

Poster, M., 2008. “Global Media and Culture”, New Literary

History, 39(3), pp. 685-703.

Prentice, D. L., 2015. “Choosing “the Long Road”: Henry Kissinger,

Melvin Laird, Vietnamization, and the War over Nixon’s

Vietnam Strategy”, Diplomatic History, Vol. 40 No. 3. pp.


Online Article

CNN Indonesia., 2019. “Woodstock 1969: Festival Musik yang

Mengubah Amerika”, CNN Indonesia, August 16th, 2019

[online]. Retrieved from


festival-musik-yang-mengubah-amerika (accessed on

October 17th, 2019).

Hutari, F., 2018. “Virus Kaum Hippies”, Historia, April 28th, 2018

[online]. Retrieved from

virus-kaum-hippies-PKkgQ (accessed on October 16th,


Manaev, G., and O’Callaghan, T., 2018. “Bagaimana Kaum Hippie

Datang ke Uni Soviet?”, Russia Beyond, June 19th, 2018

[online]. Retrieved from

komunitas-hippie-soviet-fyx (accessed on October 15th,


Pruitt, S., 2018. “How the Vietnam War Empowered the Hippie

Movement”,, September 14th, 2018 [online].

Retrieved from

hippies-counter-culture (accessed on October 15th,


Voronkova, A., 2010. “Are nationalism and cosmopolitanism

compatible?”, E-International Relation, November

th, 2010 [online]. Retrieved from https://www.e-ir.


(accessed on October 16th, 2019).

Wibisono, N., 2017. “Nostalgia Kejayaan Generasi Bunga”, Tirto.

id, August 11th, 2017 [online]. Retrieved from https://tirto.

id/nostalgia-kejayaan-generasi-bunga-cumc (accessed on

October 16th, 2019).

Wildes, L., 2017. “Nixon Administration Targets John Lennon”,

UTNE Reader, October 2017 [online]. Retrieved from

(accessed on October 16th, 2019).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

e-ISSN: 2715-1565

p-ISSN: 1411-9382

Jurnal Hubungan Internasional is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexed By: