Diplomasi Budaya Jepang dan Korea Selatan di Indonesia tahun 2020: Studi Komparasi

Annisa Nur Islamiyah, Nafila Maulina Priyanto, Ni Putu Dyana Prabhandari

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jhi.v13i2.21644
Abstract views = 1175 times | downloads = 4106 times

Abstract


Products of the creative industry, which falls under the category of cultural
products, represent one of soft power instruments capable of influencing
policy-making processes. Japan and South Korea are two states that have
implemented internationalization strategies on their creative industry
products in order to boost economy. In addition to becoming sectors that
contribute to the economy, by the means of the Korean Hallyu and Cool
Japan, the creative industries of Japan and South Korea have become
instruments of cultural diplomacy aimed at influencing public opinions
on both states. In Indonesia, differences in the development strategies
implemented by both states have influenced the degree of success in their
cultural diplomacy. This research aims to identify differences between
the strategies implemented by Japan and South Korea in conducting
cultural diplomacy in Indonesia. This research has found that the cultural
diplomacy conducted by Japan has been less successful due to the lack
of incorporation of cultural values in its internationalization strategy, as
well as the lack of government support for its creative industry.

Keywords


Cultural Diplomacy, Korean Hallyu, Cool Japan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buku

Azwar, Saifuddin, 1998. Metode Penelitian, edisi pertama.

Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Goff, Patricia M., 2013. “Cultural Diplomacy,” dalam Cooper, A. F.,

J. Heine, dan R. Thakur (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of

Modern Diplomacy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nye, Joseph S., 2010. The Future of Power. New York: Public Affairs.

Rana, Kishan S., 2011. 21st Century Diplomacy: A Practicioner’s

Guide. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing USA.

Tuch, Hans N., 1990. Communicating with the World: US Public

Diplomacy Overseas. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Artikel Jurnal

Effendi, Tonny Dian, 2012. “K-pop and J-pop Influences to

University Students in Malang, East Java – Indonesia: A

Comparative Public Diplomacy Studies,” Andalas Journal of

International Studies, 1(2): 182-198.

Ito, Kinko, 2005. “A History of Manga in the Context of Japanese

Culture and Society,” The Journal of Popular Culture, 38(3):

Jang, Gunjoo dan Won K. Paik, 2012. “Korean Wave as Tool for

Korea’s New Cultural Diplomacy,” Advances in Applied

Sociology, 2(3): 196-202.

Han, Seungik, 2015. “Indonesia, Japanophile: Japanese Soft Power

in Indonesia,” GSCIS Singapore: 1-10.

Kartikasari, Wahyuni, 2018. “The Role of Anime and Manga in

Indonesia-Japan Cultural Diplomacy,” Tsukuba Gakuin

University Press, 13: 41-47.

Kim, Tae Young dan Jin D.Y., 2016. “Cultural Policy in the Korean

Wave: An Analysis of Cultural Diplomacy Embedded

in Presidential Speeches,” International Journal of

Communication, 10: 5514-5534.

Nye, Joseph S., 2008. “Public Diplomacy and Soft Power,” The

Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social

Science, 616 (1): 94-109.

Salam, Ivan, Susie Perbawasari, dan Kokom Komariah, 2012.

“Hubungan antara Terpaan Drama Korea di Televisi dengan

Gaya Hidup Penonton,” eJurnal Mahasiswa Universitas

Padjajaran, 1(1): 24.

Laporan Penelitian

Cull, Nicholas John, 2009. “Public Diplomacy: Lessons from the

Past,” CPD Perspectives on Public Diplomacy. Los Angeles:

Figueroa Press.

Pradika, Dikta, 2017. POP-CULTURE IN PUBLIC DIPLOMACY:

ANIME AND MANGA AS JAPAN’S SOFT POWER IN

INDONESIA (2004 – 2013). Disertasi. Jakarta: President

University.

Setiawan, Hendra, 2018. Hubungan antara Sikap Individu dan

Sikap Lingkungan terhadap Budaya Korea pada Keputusan

Pembelian: Minat Beli terhadap Produk Merek Kosmetik

Korea sebagai Pemediasi. Disertasi. Yogyakarta: STIE YKPN.

Sumber Elektronik

Astuti, Lutfi D.P., 2017. “Drama Korea Menjadi Tayangan Favorite

Generasi Z dan Milennial,” Viva, 25 Oktober [Daring]. Dalam

https://www.viva.co.id/showbiz/serial/970591-dramakorea-

jadi-tayangan-favorit-generasi-z-dan-millennial

[diakses 15 Maret 2020].

ICD, t.t. “What is Cultural Diplomacy?” [Daring]. Dalam http://www.

culturaldiplomacy.org/index.php?en_culturaldiplomacy

[diakses 26 Maret 2020].

Khoiri, Agniya, 2018. “Drama Korea Punya Potensi Pasar

Besar di Indonesia,” CNN Indonesia, 18 Maret

[Daring]. Dalam https://www.cnnindonesia.com/

hiburan/20180317185702-220-283840/drama-koreapunya-

potensi-pasar-besar-di-indonesia [diakses 15 Maret

.

Jung, Joo-ri dan Lee Ji-hae, 2019. “Map Showing K-Pop’s Popularity

by Global Region Released,” Korea.net, 27 Agustus [Daring].

Dalam http://www.korea.net/NewsFocus/Culture/

view?articleId=174587 [diakses 16 Maret 2020].

Muhammad, Fikri, 2019. “Fandomnya Banyak, Yuk Melihat

Kembali Perjalanan Anime di RI,” CNBC Indonesia, 16

Maret [Daring]. Dalam https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/

lifestyle/20190316114109-33-61045/fandomnya-banyakyuk-

melihat-kembali-perjalanan-anime-di-ri [diakses 20

Maret 2020].

Dante, Valerie, 2017. “Memahami Demam K-Pop di Indonesia,”

Rappler, 15 September [Daring]. Dalam https://www.

rappler.com/world/bahasa-indonesia/memahami-demamk-

pop-indonesia [diakses 15 Maret 2020].

Stanislaus, Warren A., 2018. “Japan is Using Cultural Diplomacy

to Reassert Its Place in the World – But Is the Message Too

Exclusive?” The Conversation, 12 November [Daring]. Dalam

https://theconversation.com/japan-is-using-culturaldiplomacy-

to-reassert-its-place-in-the-world-but-is-themessage-

too-exclusive-106463 [diakses 19 Maret 2020].

Wood, Jennie, 2017. “Manga and Anime: The Japanese Invasion,”

Infoplease, 28 Februari [Daring]. Dalam http://www.

infoplease.com/entertainment/books/manga-anime.html

[diakses 25 Maret 2020].

Publikasi Resmi

Diplomatic Bluebook, 2017. Tokyo: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of

Japan.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea, 2013.

“Overview” [Daring]. Dalam http://www.mofa.go.kr/eng/

wpge/m_5664/contents.do [diakses 15 Maret 2020].


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

e-ISSN: 2715-1565

https://intra2.lipi.go.id/issn/data/1569559056.png

p-ISSN: 1411-9382

https://intra2.lipi.go.id/issn/data/1180429770.png


Jurnal Hubungan Internasional is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Indexed By: