Open Source Web Platform for the Analysis of Academic Spin-offs

Fernando Almeida, Eugénio Cunha

Abstract views = 189 times | views = 146 times


Universities have assumed an increasingly important role in transferring technology to society with a strong economic impact. The companies originated from the academic environment, called academic spin-offs, have fostered the appearance of new projects based on emerging technologies and knowledge, created by young students and researchers who seek to launch their own business and generate new jobs in society. However, the number of existing studies on academic spin-offs is limited and restricted to the specific national realities, and the results of these studies are typically incorporated only in scientific manuscripts. In this sense, this study proposes a web platform that allows the analysis of academic spin-offs according to multiple dimensions, such as firm, institutions, individual, localization, science parks, financial data and corporate actions. The application is built exclusively in open source technologies and allows data to be explored in real-time and interactively. The results obtained allow us to evaluate the behavior of the application regarding fundamental elements in the success of the adoption of a Web application, such as usability, security, interoperability and portability.


Academic spin-offs; Web development; Software engineering; Open source; Technology transfer activities; Entrepreneurship

Full Text:



H Etzjowitz, "Technology transfer : the second academic revolution," Technology Access Report, vol. 6, pp. 7 - 9, 1993.

A Pratiwi, W Sutopo , R Zakaria, and A Rasli , "Formulating Strategy Through QSPM Based on SWOT Framework: A Case Study Spin-Off Company in Malaysia," Abasyn Journal of Social Sciences, no. AIC, pp. 212 - 222, 2016.

R Fini, Rosa Grimaldi, Simone Santoni, and Maurizio Sobrero, "Complements or substitutes? The role of universities and local context in supporting the creation of academic spin-offs," Research Policy, vol. 40, pp. 1113 - 1127, 2011.

J Woolley, "Origins and Outcomes: The Roles of Spin-Off Founders and Intellectual Property in High-Technology Venture Outcomes," Academy of Management Discoveries, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 64 - 90, 2017.

L Arafeh, "An entrepreneurial key competencies’ model," Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, vol. 5, pp. 1 - 26, 2016.

W Valdivia, "University Start-Ups: Critical for Improving Technology Transfer," Center of Technology Innovation at Brookings, 2013.

P Pattnaik and S Pandey, "University Spinoffs: What, Why, and How?," Technology Innovation Management Review, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 44 - 50, 2014.

Giovanna Mariani, Ada Carlesi, and Alfredo Antonino Scarfò, "Academic spinoffs as a value driver for intellectual capital: the case of the University of Pisa," Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 202 - 226, 2018.

Bart Clarysse, Mike Wright, Andy Lockett, Philippe Mustar, and Mirjam Knockaert, "Academic spin-offs, formal technology transfer and capital raising," Industrial and Corporate Change, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 609-640, 2007.

Riccardo Fini, Kun Fu, Marius Mathisen, Einar Rasmussen, and Mike Wright, "Institutional Determinants of University Spin-Off Quantity and Quality: A Longitudinal, Multi-Level, Cross-Country Study," Small Business Economics, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 361 - 391, 2017.

Barbara Bigliardi, Francesco Galati, and Chiara Verbano, "Evaluating Performance of University Spin-Off Companies: Lessons from Italy," Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 178 - 188, 2013.

Einar Rasmussen, Øystein Moen, and Magnus Gulbrandsen, "Initiatives to promote commercialization of university knowledge," Technovation, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 518-533, 2006.

Jahangir Yadollahi Farsi, Narges Imanipour, and Aidin Salamzadeh, "Entrepreneurial university conceptualization: case of developing countries," Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 193 - 204, 2012.

Markus Perkmann et al., "Academic engagement and commercialisation: A review of the literature on university–industry relations," Research policy, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 423 - 442, 2013.

F Almeida, "Insights and Perspectives from a Literature Review on University Spin-Off," Management Resarch and Practice, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 27 - 40, 2018.

I Sommerville, Software Engineering, 10th ed. London, 2015.

F Almeida, J Oliveira, and J Cruz, "Open Standards and Open Source: Enabling Interoperability," Internatonal Journal of Software Engineering & Applications (IJSEA), vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1 - 11, 2011.

R Macredie and K Mijinyawa, "A theory-grounded framework of Open Source Software adoption in SMEs," European Journal of Information Systems, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 237 - 250, 2011.

M. Khan and F. UrRehman, "Free and Open Source Software: Evolution, Benefits and Characteristics," International Journal of Emerging Trends & technology in Computer Science, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 1 - 7, 2012.

D Nabil, A Mosad, and H Hefny, "Web-Based Applications quality factors: A survey and a proposed conceptual model," Egyptian Informatics Journal, vol. 12, pp. 211 - 217, 2011.

Nimish Kumar, Reena Dadhich, and Aditya Shastri, "Quality Models for Web-based Application: A Comparative Study," International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 25 - 32, 2015.

Alejandra Garrido, Gustavo Rossi, and Damiano Distante, "Refactoring for Usability in Web Applications," IEEE Software, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 60 - 67, 2010.

A Holzinger et al., "Making apps useable on multiple different mobile platforms: on interoperability for business application development on smartphones," in Multidisciplinary Research and Practice for Information Systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin: Springer, 2012, vol. 7465, pp. 176-189.

H. Panetto, "Towards a Classification Framework for Interoperability of Enterprise Applications," International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 727-740, 2007.

X. Ping-Chen, "SQL injection attack and guard technical research," Procedia Engineering, vol. 15, pp. 4131-4135, 2011.

R. Garett, J. Chiu, L. Zhang, and S. Young, "A Literature Review: Website Design and User Engagement," Online Journal of Communication Media Technology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1 - 14, 2017.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 The Authors. Published by Universitas Airlangga.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2443-2555 (online) 2598-6333 (print). Published by Universitas Airlangga.
 All article published in JISEBI are open access and under the CC BY license (