The Effect of Family Therapy with Spiritual Approach Toward Family’s Health Belief Model in Taking Care of Patient with Schizophrenia

health belief model spiritual family therapy caring schizophrenia


  • Ah. Yusuf
    Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Airlangga, Kampus C Mulyorejo Surabaya 60115, Indonesia


Introduction: Schizophrenia is the problem with kognitive, mal-adaptive thought and behavior. Family who have a member with mental disorder can experience serious conflict, become an objective and subjective burden, blame each other, get involved in hostility among family members. Various negative effect faced by family can caused by wrong family’s health belief model about Schizophrenia, hence the failure on choosing the treatment and taking care of patient at home. Someone with severe stress will seek comfort and strength from God. But so far, the most effective spiritual models to improve the health belief model of the family in caring for patients with schizophrenia has not been found.

Methods: Design used in this study was experimental (pre post test control group design). The population was every family of patient with mental disorder in Menur Mental Hospital along the year of 2010, chosen by alocation simple random. Samples were 13 persons in each treatment and control group. The intervention was given in 60–120 minute in 8 times meeting with average interval about 1 week. Data analysis was done using paired t-test and independent t-test.

Results: There were significant changes in total of family’s health belief model (p=0,004), there was significantly change in aspects of (1) perceptions about bene fi ts (p=0,009), (2) perception about barriers (p=0,035) and perception about self efficacy (p=0,002). There were no significant changing in perception about susceptibility and severity (p=0,052).

Conclusion: Family believes that all events experienced by the patient and the family is God's will, hoping the patient can be more independent, and believe mental disorders can be changed for the better. The conclusion of this study is that family therapy with a spiritual approach can improve the health belief model of the family in caring for patients with mental disorders.

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