Peningkatkan Perilaku Pasien dalam Tatalaksana Diabetes Melitus Menggunakan Model Behavioral Sistemral Sistem Model

Nur Aini, Widati Fatmaningrum, Ah. Yusuf

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v6i1.3960
Abstract views = 2773 times | views = 1925 times

Abstract


Introduction: Diabetic treatment need a very long time that make most of patient doesn’t obey. One of the methods can be used to improve patient’s compliance is nursing care model Behavioral System by Dorothy E. Johnson with its interventions are motivation and education. The objective of this study was to analyze the differences between knowledge, attitude, practice, blood sugar fasting and 2 hours post prandial (PP) of diabetic patients.  Methods: This experimental research using randomized control group pretest posttest design. Sample used 30 persons divided into 2 groups. Motivation and education are given 4 times in period of 1 month by visiting to the patient’s house. Data were collected by questionnaires and observation then analyzed by wilcoxon with α < 0.05.

Results: Results showed that after intervention, treatment group who haved good knowledge were 15 persons (100%), good attitude were 8 persons (53.3%), moderate were 7 persons (46.7%), good practice were 11 persons (73.3%), moderate were 3 persons (20%) and less was 1 person (6.7%). Blood sugar fasting and 2 hours post prandial (PP) decreased were 13 persons (86.7%). Analysis using wilcoxon showed that result was significant.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that motivation and education can improve knowledge, attitude, practice, decrease blood sugar fasting and 2 hours post prandial (PP). It was suggested to optimalized education and giving motivation due to improving support and awareness of patient to implement diabetes mellitus treatment.

Keywords


knowledge; attitude; practice; blood sugar; motivation and education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andari, P.N., 2006. Pengaruh Konseling M e n o p a u s e t e rh a d a p Ti n g k a t Pengetahuan dan Sikap Wanita dalam Menghadapi Masa Menopause. Skripsi tidak dipublikasikan. Surabaya: Universitas Airlangga.

Asti, T., 2006. Kepatuhan Pasien: Faktor Penting dalam Keberhasilan Terapi. Majalah Infopom. 7(5), 1–3.

Azwar, S., 2003. Sikap Manusia dan Pengukurannya. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Badan Pusat Statistik, 2007. Data Penduduk Jawa Timur. (Online), (http://jatim. bps.go.id. diakses tanggal 25 Agustus 2010).

Delamater, 2009. Improving Patient Adherence, (Online), (http://clinical diabetesjournals, diakses tanggal 21 Desember 2009).

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 1992. Direktorat Bina Kesehatan Keluarga, Pedoman Manajemen Upaya Kesehatan Usia Lanjut di Puskesmas. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Depraxis, L., 2010. Mitos Kebiasaan 21 Hari, (Online), (http://lexdepraxis.wordpress. com., diakses tanggal 17 Maret 2010).

Desmita, 2006. Psikologi Perkembangan. Edisi II. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya. Hurlock, Elizabeth B., 1980. Psikologi Perkembangan Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Joni, B., 2009. Sekilas Tentang Geriatri (Ilmu Kesehatan Lanjut Usia), Suatu Upaya Menuju Hari Tua yang Sehat dan Bahagia, (Online), (http://miias.info, diakses tanggal 10 Agustus 2010).

Kasiulevicius, Sapoka, dan Filipaviciute. 2006. Sample Size Calculation in Epidemiological Studies. Gerontologija. 7(4): 225–231.

Mar’at, S., 1998. Perilaku Manusia. Bandung: Refi ka Aditama.

Mishali, Vaknin, Omer, dan Heymann, 2007. Conceptualization and Measurement of Resistance to Treatment: the resistance to treatment questionnaire for people with diabetes. Oxford University Press.

Notoatmodjo, S. 2003. Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Prinsip-Prinsip Dasar. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Notoamodjo, S., 2007. Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta..

Perkeni, 2006. Konsensus Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Indonesia.

Pratiwi, A.D., 2007. Epidemiologi, Program Penanggulangan dan Isu Mutakhir Diabetes Mellitus. Skripsi tidak dipublikasikan. Makassar: Universitas Hasanuddin.

Soegondo, S., 2008. Hidup Secara Mandiri dengan Diabetes Mellitus. Jakarta: FKUI.

Sunaryo, 2004. Psikologi untuk Keperawatan. Jakarta: ECG.

Tjokroprawiro, A., 1997. Surabaya Diabetes Update II. Pusat Diabetes dan Nutrisi. RSUD dr. Soetomo dan FK Unair.

Tommey dan Alligood, 2006. Nursing Theorists and Their Work. Philadelphia USA: Mosby.

Yusuf, A.H., 2003. Pengaruh Pemberian Motivasi tentang Keperawatan terhadap Perubahan Sikap Perawat dalam Memberikan Asuhan Keperawatan di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Menur Surabaya. Tesis tidak dipublikasikan. Surabaya: Program Pascasarjana Unair.

Walgito, B., 2001. Psikologi Sosial Suatu Pengantar. Yogyakarta: Andi ofset.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal NERS



This journal is indexed by:

   

   

   

 

Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

 

Current Stats

Previous Stats