Buah Apel (Romebeauty) Menurunkan Kadar Gula Darah Pasien Diabetes Mellitus

Harmayetty Harmayetty, Yulis Setiya Dewi, Dwi Astutik

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v2i2.4955
Abstract views = 2698 times | downloads = 20022 times


Introduction: The number of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) in year 2001 was 5.6 million. In the year 2020, it is expected to reach 8.2 million. The diet of DM patients in Pulorejo village comprised low calorie, sugar free, and low fiber diet. Fiber consumed by these patients was taken from vegetables and banana. Unfortunately, the use of such diet keep the patient's blood sugar level remains increasing. The content of water-soluble fiber (pectin) in apple is higher and is able to reduce blood sugar level. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of  apple consumption on blood sugar level.

Method: This study was used a quasy-experimental pre-post test purposive sampling design. Samples who met to the inclusion criteria were 14 persons divided into treatment and  control group. Data were analyzed by using Paired t-Test  (α=0.05) and Independent t-Test  (α=0.05).

Result: The result showed that there was an effect of apple consumption on blood sugar level with Paired t-Test (p=0.000) for blood glucose level before and after intervention in treatment group, and (p=0.100) for blood glucose level before and after intervention in control group. The results of Independent t-Test revealed p=0.000 for blood glucose level after intervention in treatment and control groups.

Discussion:  It’s can be concluded that there was an effect of apple consumption on blood sugar level in DM patients. The apple should be given in the best dose that can reduce blood sugar level, which is 2 x 150 g. The result of this study can be considered in as a material for diet promotion for the patients. Further studies should be developed to measure the variables of stress and sex of the patients.


apple; blood glucose level; diabetes mellitus

Full Text:



Aditama, C. 2006. Gaya Hidup Sehat (Online), (http//www. portal.cbn.net.id., diakses Tanggal 7 Nopember 2006, jam 10.53 WIB).

Almatsier, S. 2006. Penuntun Diet Edisi Baru. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, hlm. 137-138.

Apache. 2001. Transpor Glucose, (Online), (http//web.macam.ac.id., diakses tanggal 14 Nopember 2006, jam 12.15 WIB).

Brunner dan Suddarth. 2002. Keperawatan Medikal Bedah. Edisi 8 Vol. 2. Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC, hlm. 1220-1274.

Departemen Kesehatan R.I. 2005. Diabetes Mellitus Masalah Kesehatan Masyarakat Yang Serius, (Online), (http//www.depkes.go.id., diakses tanggal 27 September 2006, jam 09.15 WIB).

“Dietary Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus”, 2006. The New England Journal of Medicine, (Online), (http//www.content.nejm.org., Diakses tanggal 7 Nopember 2006, Jam 10.12 WIB).

Greenspan dan Baxter, 2000. Endokrinologi Dasar dan Klinik. Edisi 4. Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Guyton dan Hall. 1997. Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi 9. Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC, hlm. 1221-1222.

Hartono, A. 1996. Tanya Jawab Diet Penyakit Gula. Jakarta: Arcan, hlm. 19.

Hartono, A. 2000. Asuhan Nutrisi Rumah Sakit. Jakarta: Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Jelita. 2006. Fungsi Serat. (Online), (http//www.sabah.htm., diakses tanggal 12 Oktober 2006, jam 20.00 WIB).

Khomsan, A. 2006. Sehat Dengan Makanan Berkhasiat. Jakarta: Buku Kompas, hlm. 25-27.

Moehyi, S. 1999. Pengaturan Makanan dan Diet Untuk Penyembuhan Penyakit. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, hlm. 106-108.

Rekam Medik Puskesmas Mentikan, 2006. Data Pasien Diabetes Mellitus tahun 2006.

Savitri. 2006. Pusat Perawatan Diabetes, (Online), (http//www.thamrinhospital.com., diakses tanggal 17 Agustus 2006, jam 09.30 WIB).

Sianturi, G. 2003. Apel Buah Ajaib Penangkal Penyakit, (Online), (http//www.gizi.net., diakses tanggal 27 September 2006, jam 09.30 WIB).

Siburian, P. 2004. Pemberian Makanan Pengganti Pada Penderita Diabetes Melitus, (Online), (http//www.waspada.co.id., diakses tanggal 17 Agustus 2006, jam 09.20 WIB).

Tjokroprawiro, A. 2004. Hidup Sehat dan Bahagia Bersama Diabetes. Jakarta: Gramedia


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Ners

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This journal is indexed by:





This journal is published by:


          Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga in Collaboration with Indonesian National Nurses Association


Creative Commons License

This journal (p-ISSN:1858-3598; e-ISSN:2502-5791) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


Current Stats

Previous Stats