A Comparative Study of Nursing Educational System in Indonesia and Japan

Susiana Nugraha, Mika Tanaka, Ferry Efendi

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jn.v3i2.4997
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Introduction: According to Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between Indonesia and Japanese governments, Japanese government plans to recruit Indonesian nurses and caregivers to fulfill the demand of those positions at the hospital and health centers. However, to be a qualified worker in Japan, one has to pass a national examination that is conducted by the Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare for a license of a registered nurse within 3 or 4 years of working as a nurse or caregivers, respectively.

Method: Having considered that matter, a comparative study of the background of educational systems in Indonesia and Japan is discussed in this paper, with particular reference to the Diploma 3 nursing program.

Result: There is no specific difference between Indonesian and Japanese nursing educational systems.

Discussion: However, current health condition of the countries remains as the focus of the curriculums where Indonesian nursing education is focusing on communicable disease and surgery nursing, whereas Japanese is focusing on gerontology and chronic disease nursing. In case of qualification method, Japanese nurses should undertake national board examination to be a qualified nurse. On the other hand, there is no national board examination for Indonesian nurses.


nursing educational system; Indonesia; Japan

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Department of Health of Republic Indonesia. 2006. Pedoman Pengembangan Jenjang Karir Profesional Perawat, Direktorat Jenderal Pelayanan Medis Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

James. 2008. Indonesian nurse head to Japan. Accessed on 24th October 2008 from http://www.japanprobe.com/?p=5582

Japan Nursing Association. 2008. Basic Nursing Education in Japan. Accessed on 20th October 2008 from www.nurse.or.jp

Kawonal, Y.R.. 2008. Standard Practice for Professional Nurse in Indonesia, Accesed on 21st August 2008 from www.inna-ppni.or.id.

Ministry of Education and Culture. 1999. Decree No. 23/U/1999: Kurikulum Nasional Program Diploma III Keperawatan.


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