Organic Dust Toxic Syndrome (ODTS)

Deva Bachtiar, Agus Dwi Susanto

Abstract views = 294 times | downloads = 345 times


Organic dust toxic syndrome (ODTS) was manifestation of some acute symptoms, (same with acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis or extrinsic allergic alveolitis) with initially by flu like syndrome that were fever, malaise, myalgia, dry cough, dyspnea, and headache after exposure of organic dust in several hours. Etiology of ODTS usually from agricultural environment like hay, grain, straw, moldy, pollen, mycotoxins, bacteria and endotoxin. Organic dust toxic syndrome (ODTS) spontaneous recovery without sequele if patients avoid organic dust exposure immediately and avoid recurrent exposure. The best treatment were supportive therapy and preventive therapy from that etiology.
Key words: ODTS, pneumonitis hipersensitif


ODTS, Pneumonitis hipersensitif

Full Text:



Susanna G, Von E, Colene I, Lynette M. Organic dust toxic Syndrome: A non infectious febrile illness after exposure to the hog barn environment. J Swinw Health Prod 2005; 13: 273–6.

Cormier Y, Schuyler M. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis and oerganic dust toxic syndromes. In: Berrnstein L, Chan-Yeung M, Malo JL, Bernstein DI, editors. Asthma in the workplace, 3rd ed. New York: Taylor & francis; 2006. p. 713–35.

Anna R. Organic dust toxic syndrome among farmers. BJ of Industrial Medicine 1989; 46: 233–8.

Emanuel DA, Wenzel FJ, Lowton BR. Pulmonary mycotoxycosis. Chest 1975; 67: 293–7.

May JJ, Stallones L, Darrow D, Pratt DS. Organic dust toxicity (pulmonary mycotoxicosis) associated with silo unloading. Thorax 1986; 41: 919–23.

Castranova V, Robinson VA, Frazer D. Pulmonary reactions to organic dust exposures: Development of an animal model. Environ Health Perspect 1996; 104: 41–53.

Malmberg P, Andersen-Rask A, Rosenhall L. Exposure to microorganisms associated with allergic alveolitis and febrile reactions to mold dust famers. Chest 1993; 103: 1202–9.

Steven A, Von Essen S, Jacobitz K, Crouch R, Litner C. Do poison centers diagnostic dust toxix syndrome? J Toxicology 2003; 41: 115–7.

Dawud Y. Dampak pajanan debu organik di tempat kerja: gejala Respirasi kronik, status atopi dan fungsi ventilasi. Disajikan pada pertemuan Ilmiah Khusus XI-2006 Batam 2006.

The following General recommendations are issued by the international board of occupational safety and health on the implementation of the work environment act. SFS 1977: 1160.

Vogelzang FJ, van der Gulden JWJ, Folgering H. Organic dust toxic syndrome in swine confinement farming. AMJ 1999; 35: 332–4.

Malmberg P, Rask AA, Hoglund S, Kolmodin H, Read GJ. Incidence of organic dust toxic syndrome and allergic alveolitis in Swedish farmers Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 1988; 87: 47–54.

The National Farm Medicine Center is a service of Marshfield Clinic, Marshfield, Wisconsin For more information, call us at 1-800-6626900 or visit our web site at 910-026.

Monso’ E, Magarolas R, Radon K, Danuser B, Iversen M. Respiratory symptoms of obstructive lung disease in European crop farmers. AMJ Respir Crit care Med 2000; 162: 1246–50.

Smit LAM, Wouter IM, Hobo MM, Eduar W, Doekes G, Heederik D. Agricultural seed dust as a potential cause of organic dust toxic syndrome. Occup Environ Med 2006; 63: 59–67.

Malberg P, Rask-Anderson A, Ludhom M, Palmemgren U. Can spores from molds and actinomycetes cause an organic dust toxic syndrome reaction? Am J Ind Med 1990; 17: 109–10.

Wiwiek Pudjiastusi. Debu sebagai bahan pencemar yang membahayakan kesehatan kerja. Pusat kesehatan kerja departemen kesehatan RI. 2002.

Hagmar L, Schtz A, Hallberg, Sjohlm A. Health effects of exposure to endotoxins and organic dust in poulty slaughter-house wokers. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 1990; 62: 159–164.

David LS, Ryon, William NR. Encyclopedia of occupasional Health and safety: Disease caused by respiratory irritants and toxic chemical fourth ed. 1998; p. 1012–26.

National Institute of occupational safety and health, departemen of health and human service. Request for assistance in preventing organic dust toxic syndrome. SW Wasington DC april 1994.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats



Creative Commons License

JR (p-ISSN: 2407-0831e-ISSN: 2621-8372) is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.