KARAKTERISTIK PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS TULANG BELAKANG DI RSUD DR. SOETOMO SURABAYA

Amy Rosalie Sukamto, Primadenny Ariesa Airlangga, Tri Hartini Yuliawati

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/mbiom.v29i1.2019.1-6
Abstract views = 222 times | downloads = 173 times

Abstract


Background: Spine tuberculosis or spondylitis TB is one of the most common found extrapulmonary form of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection that can be rapidly transmitted. However, people’s alertness are still to be increased and this disease is still rarely investigated. Objective: To study the characteristics of spondylitis tuberculosis patients to enhance the understanding of the disease and improve alertness to its signs and symptoms. Material and method: This study was conducted by assessing patients’ medical records based on particularly the epidemiology, signs and symptoms, radiology and laboratory tests. Collected data were assessed retrospectively and analyzed descriptively. Results: Of 35 patients, most come from early adult age group which is ranged from 26 to 35 years old (25.72%), and 57.14% of the patients were female. Sorted from the most to least common found signs and symptoms are back pain (85.71%), formation of abscess (74.29%), formation of gibbus (54.29%), fever (37.14%), and significant weight loss (34.29%). In radiologic evaluation, spine destruction were found on 82.86% of the patients. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was evaluated from 30 patients, 90% of which had increased ESR to >30 mm/hour. The leukocyte count was based from 35 patients, which result was 71.43% of them had normal count. Conclusions: Spondylitis TB is mostly found in adult females with back pain as the most common symptom. Most patients had spine destruction. Largely had elevated ESR while their leukocyte count mostly remains within normal range.


Keywords


Tuberculosis; spondylitis tuberculosis; epidemiology; diagnosis; laboratory evaluation; Tuberkulosis; tuberkulosis spondilitis; epidemiologi; diagnosis; pemeriksaan laboratorium

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agrawal, V. Patgaonkar, P.R. Nagariya, S. P., 2010. Tuberculosis of spine. Journal of Craniovertebral Junction & Spine, 1(2). Diunduh: 18 Oktober 2016 dari https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3075833/.

Cormican, L. Hammal, R. Messenger, J. Milburn, H. J., 2006. Current difficulties in the diagnosis and management of spinal tuberculosis. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 82(963). Diunduh: 3 Oktober 2016 dari https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2563723/.

Dinas Komunikasi dan Informatika (Kominfo) Provinsi Jawa Timur, 2016. Tuberkulosis Paru BTA Positif Jatim Tembus 15.371 Kasus. Diunduh: 15 Januari 2017 dari http://kominfo.jatimprov.go.id/read/umum/tuberkulosis-paru-bta-positif-jatim-tembus-15-371-kasus.

Garg, R. K. & Somvanshi, D. S., 2011. Spinal tuberculosis: A review. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 34(5). Diunduh: 18 Oktober 2016 dari https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3184481/.

Iseman, M. D., 2000. A Clinician’s Guide to Tuberculosis. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Kaspiris, A. Grivas, T., Zafiropoulou, C. Vasiliadis, E. Tsadira, O., 2010. „Nonspecific Low Back Pain During Childhood: A Retrospective Epidemiological Study of Risk Factors‟, JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 16(16): 55-60.

Kusuma, Y. & Prijambodo, B. 2013. Validity of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Method In Diagnosing Spondylitis Tuberculosis. Journal of Orthopaedic and Traumatology Surabaya, 2(2): 141-150. Diunduh: 20 November 2016 dari http://journal.unair.ac.id/download-fullpapers-VALIDITAS%20METODE%20POLYMERASE%20CHAIN%20REACTION%20(PCR)%20PADA%20PENEGAKAN%20DIAGNOSIS%20SPONDILITIS%20TUBERKULOSIS.pdf.

Muzaffar, T., Shaifuzain, A. R., Imran, Y., Haslina, M. N., 2008. Hematological Changes In Tuberculous Spondylitis Patients at The Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. Diunduh: 20 November 2016 dari http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/seameo/2008_39_4/14-4291.pdf.

Sahputra, R E. & Munandar, I., 2015. Spondilitis Tuberkulosa Cervical. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 4(2). Diunduh: 15 Januari 2016 dari http://jurnal.fk.unand.ac.id/index.php/jka/article/viewFile/312/294.

Vitriana, 2002. Spondilitis Tuberkulosa. Diunduh: 28 Oktober 2016 dari http://pustaka.unpad.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/spondilitis_tuberkulosa.pdf.

World Health Organization, 2010. Tuberculosis in the WHO South-East Asia Region, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88(3). Diunduh: 13 Januari 2017 dari http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/3/09-073874/en/.

World Health Organization, 2013. Global Tuberculosis Report 2013. Diunduh: 19 Oktober 2016 dari http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/91355/1/9789241564656_eng.pdf?ua=1.

World Health Organization, 2016. Global Tuerculosis Report 2016. Diunduh: 3 Januari 2017 dari http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/ 250441/1/9789241565394-eng.pdf?ua=1.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Majalah Biomorfologi

Creative Commons License
Majalah Biomorfologi (p-ISSN:0215-8833; e-ISSN:2716-0920) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 

View Majalah Biomorfologi Statistics

 

 Indexed By