PENGARUH PEMBERIAN DZIKIR TERHADAP STRES DAN GULA DARAH ACAK PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS

Novilia Qurotun Nisbah, Harmayetty Harmayetty, Lingga Curnia Dewi

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/pnj.v2i1.19475
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Abstract


Pendahuluan: Diabetes Mellitus merupakan salah satu penyebab stres pada penyakit kronis. Stres mempengaruhi kontrol glukosa darah, kepatuhan, biaya perawatan, dan kematian. Dzikir merupakan salah satu alternatif terapi yang dapat digunakan untuk menurunkan stress dan kadar gula darah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu Menganalisa pengaruh pemberian dzikir terhadap stress dan gula darah acak pada pasien diabetes mellitus.

Metode: Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan quasi- eksperimental pre posttest with control group design dengan jumlah sampel 60 pasien Diabetes Mellitus yang, berusia 40-60 tahun, dibagi menjadi dua kelompok yaitu kelompok perlakuan 30 orang dan intervensi 30 orang dan menggunakan metode purposive sampling.  independen yaitu dzikir dan variable dependen terdiri dari stres dan kadar gula darah acak. Penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) untuk mengukur stress serta glucometer untuk mengukur kadar gula darah acak. Uji statistik yang digunakan Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test dan Mann Whitney Test dengan signifikansi α ≤ 0,05.

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukan tingkat stress setelah intervensi (Wilcoxon signed rank test p=0,000, Mann Whitney test p=0,000) dan nilai gula darah acak setelah diberikan intervensi (Wilcoxon signed rank test    p=0,000, Mann Whitney test p=0,047).

Kesimpulan: Dzikir dan doa mengurangi stress dan kecemasan dengan cara membantu individu membentuk persepsi yang lain selain ketakutan yaitu keyakinan bahwa stressor apapun dapat di hadapi dengan baik dengan bantuan Tuhan. Dzikir mempengaruhi stres dan gula darah pada pasien dengan diabetes mellitus. Namun selain zikir, penerimaan penyakit dan kepatuhan terhadap pengobatan akan memaksimalkan perawatan yang sedang dijalani.

 

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is one of the causes of stress on chronic diseases. Stress affects blood glucose control, compliance, treatment costs, and death. Dhikr is one of the therapeutic alternatives that can be used to reduce stress and blood sugar levels. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of dzikir on stress and random blood sugar in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Method: The study used a quasi-experimental pre-test approach with control group design with a sample of 60 Diabetes Mellitus patients aged 40-60 years, divided into two groups of treatment group 30 people and intervention 30 people and using methods Purposive sampling. Variables consist of dhikr, stress and random blood sugar levels. This research uses Diabetes Distres Scale (DDS) Questionnaire instruments as well as glucometers to measure random blood sugar levels. The statistical test used was the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and the Mann Whitney Test with a significance of α ≤ 0.05.

Results:  The results showed that the level of stress before and after the administration of Dhikr in the treatment group had a difference in value with significance p = 0.000. Whereas on blood sugar levels random group treatment acquire significance value P = 0,047.

Conclusion: Dhikr and prayer reduce stress and anxiety by helping individuals form perceptions other than fear that is the belief that any stressor can be dealt with well with the help of God. Dhikr affects stress and blood sugar in patients with diabetes mellitus. But in addition to dhikr, acceptance of diseases and compliance with treatment will maximize the treatment that is being lived


Keywords


Dhikr; stress; blood sugar levels; diabetes mellitus

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