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Author Guidelines

The Vision Science and Eye Health Journal is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal published by Universitas Airlangga that welcomes research articles, case reports, and literature review manuscripts directed to ophthalmologists. The scope for Vision Science and Eye Health Journal includes Ophthalmology and Visual Science, including corneal or external disease, cataract or anterior segment, glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology, orbit ocular pathology, pathology or oncology oculoplastic or orbit, pediatric ophthalmology or strabismus, refractive management or intervention, retina or vitreous, uveitis, community ophthalmology.

Submitted manuscripts must be original and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere at the time of submission. It should be proved by sending Cover Letter through e-mail or upload in Supplementary Files.

Since manuscripts will be published in English, it is the author’s responsibility to ensure that the language of the submitted material is of appropriate clarity and quality. Manuscripts must not exceed the maximum number of words, must not contain numbers in the form of figures, and must be free of typing errors.

Research article

The research article can present a randomized controlled study, case-control study, cohort study, intervention study, observational study, and survey. Research articles should report on original primary research but may report on systematic reviews of published research. The Vision Science and Eye Health Journal strongly encourage all datasets on which the paper's conclusions should be available to readers. We encourage authors to ensure that their datasets are either deposited in presented in the main manuscript or additional supporting files whenever possible.

Manuscripts must contain a minimum length of 3.000 (not including abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgments, references, and online-only material) and typed on a Word (.doc, .docx, .txt, .rtf) processer and submitted in the Vision Science and Eye Health Journal Open Journal System (OJS). The obligatory Arial Black font should be size 14 pt for the title, Calibri font 10 pt for abstract, and Calibri 11 pt for all other text sections. Manuscripts must be of A4 format typed with one space between lines and a 2.5 cm (1 inch)-wide margin. Authors are strongly advised to follow the manuscript preparation guidelines provided below.

Title of the research article: Brief, specific, and informative. The title must be in English and contain a maximum of ten words with a capital letter starting the first word of the title. Do not use cryptic or humorous titles. Keep the title clinical and straightforward - this way, people are more likely to find your article.

Name(s) of author(s): Author(s) full name(s), address to which proofs are to be sent, and the name(s) and address(es) of the department(s) to which the work should be attributed are to be listed in order with a number (1) symbol.

Abstract: Concise description in English (one paragraph, maximum 250 words, single space format). Footnotes, references, and abbreviations are not to be included in the abstract. Abstracts in Research Article should consist of Introduction:, Methods:, Results:, Discussion:, and Conclusions:, typed in bold within one paragraph.

Keywords: contains 3-5 words and/or phrases provided below the abstract. Keywords must be standard scientific terms or phrases written in English. Words or phrases should be separated by a semicolon (;).

Correspondence: contains complete contact details of the lead author: full name, institution, mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and email address.

Introduction: The Introduction section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature, and why this study was necessary or its contribution to the field.

Methods: The methods section should include: 1) the aim, design, and setting of the study, 2) the characteristics of participants or description of materials, 3) a clear description of all processes, interventions, and comparisons, 4) the type of statistical analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate.

Results: This should include the findings of the study, including, if appropriate, results of statistical analysis, which must be included either in the text or as tables and figures.

Discussion: This section should discuss the implications of the findings in the context of existing research and highlight the study's limitations.

Conclusions: This should clearly state the main conclusions and explain the importance and relevance of the study reported.

Acknowledgments: Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship, including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials. Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

References: Arranged according to Vancouver style. References must be numbered consecutively in the sequence in which they appear in the text and listed at the end in numerical rather than alphabetical order. Arabic numerals should identify references contained in the text, tables, and legends in superscript. References must be valid, published within the last ten years, and contain at least 70% primary references (journals, thesis, dissertations, and patent documents). Unpublished sources, such as manuscripts in preparation and personal communications, are not acceptable as references. Only sources cited in the text should appear in the references list. The names of authors must be written consistently. The numbers and volumes of journals must be cited. Edition, publisher, city, and page numbers of textbooks must also be included. References to downloaded internet sources must mention the time of access and web address. All research article should include a minimum of 25 references.


Case report

Case Reports can present a case study, case report, or other description of a case. Case Reports present significant new insights or cases with an unusual and noteworthy course. The cases shall be challenging and stimulating and presented in an educational format to engage the readers as if they are working alongside the caring clinician-scientists to manage the patients. Submissions shall be clear, concise, and well-documented reports.

Manuscripts must contain up to 2.500 words (not including abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgments, references, and online-only material) and typed on a Word (.doc, .docx, .txt, .rtf) processer and submitted in the Vision Science and Eye Health Journal Open Journal System (OJS). The obligatory Arial Black font should be size 14 pt for the title, Calibri font 10 pt for abstract, and Calibri 11 pt for all other text sections. Manuscripts must be of A4 format typed with one space between lines and a 2.5 cm (1 inch)-wide margin. Authors are strongly advised to follow the manuscript preparation guidelines provided below.

Title of case: Brief, specific, and informative. The title must be in English and contain a maximum of ten words with a capital letter starting the first word of the title. Do not include “a case report” in the title. Do not use cryptic or humorous titles. Keep the title clinical and straightforward - this way, people are more likely to find your article.

Name(s) of author(s): Author(s) full name(s), address to which proofs are to be sent, and the name(s) and address(es) of the department(s) to which the work should be attributed are to be listed in order with a number (1) symbol.

Abstract: Concise description in English (one paragraph, maximum 250 words, single space format). Footnotes, references, and abbreviations are not to be included in the abstract. Abstracts in Case Report should consist of Introduction:, Case presentation:, and Discussion and conclusions:, typed in bold within one paragraph.

Keywords: contains 3-5 words and/or phrases provided below the abstract. Keywords must be standard scientific terms or phrases written in English. Words or phrases should be separated by a semicolon (;).

Correspondence: contains complete contact details of the lead author: full name, institution, mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and email address.

Introduction: The introduction should provide a summary of the background to the specific problem(s) addressed.

Case presentation: This section should include a description of the patient’s relevant demographic details, medical history, symptoms and signs, treatment or intervention, outcomes, and any other significant details.

Discussion and conclusions: This should discuss the relevant existing literature and clearly state the main conclusions, including an explanation of their relevance or importance to the field.

Acknowledgments: Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship, including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials. Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

References: Arranged according to Vancouver style. References must be numbered consecutively in the sequence in which they appear in the text and listed at the end in numerical, rather than alphabetical order. Arabic numerals should identify references contained in the text, tables, and legends in superscript. References must be valid, published within the last ten years, and contain at least 70% primary references (journals, thesis, dissertations, and patent documents). Unpublished sources, such as manuscripts in preparation and personal communications, are not acceptable as references. Only sources cited in the text should appear in the references list. The names of authors must be written consistently. The numbers and volumes of journals must be cited. Edition, publisher, city, and page numbers of textbooks must also be included. References to downloaded internet sources must mention the time of access and web address. All case reports should include a minimum of 15 references.

 

Literature Review

Reviews will address any aspect of clinical or laboratory ophthalmology. Most articles are commissioned but uninvited reviews are also welcome; prior discussion with the editor is recommended. Reviews are critical assessments of the literature and data sources pertaining to clinical topics, emphasizing factors such as to cause, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, or prevention. Reviews should address a specific question or issue that is relevant for clinical practice and provide an evidence-based, balanced, patient-oriented review on a focused topic.

Manuscripts must contain up to 3.000 words (not including abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgments, references, and online-only material) and typed on a Word (.doc, .docx, .txt, .rtf) processer and submitted in the Vision Science and Eye Health Journal Open Journal System (OJS). The obligatory Arial Black font should be size 14 pt for the title, Calibri font 10 pt for abstract, and Calibri 11 pt for all other text sections. Manuscripts must be of A4 format typed with one space between lines and a 2.5 cm (1 inch)-wide margin. Authors are strongly advised to follow the manuscript preparation guidelines provided below.

Title of literature review: Brief, specific, and informative. The title must be in English and contain a maximum of ten words with a capital letter starting the first word of the title. Do not use cryptic or humorous titles. Keep the title clinical and straightforward - this way, people are more likely to find your article.

Name(s) of Author(s): Author(s) full name(s), address to which proofs are to be sent, and the name(s) and address(es) of the department(s) to which the work should be attributed are to be listed in order with a number (1) symbol.

Abstract: Concise description in English (one paragraph, maximum 250 words, single space format). Footnotes, references, and abbreviations are not to be included in the abstract. Abstracts in Literature Review should consist of Introduction:, Purpose:, Review:, and Conclusion:, typed in bold within one paragraph. 

Keywords: contains 3-5 words and/or phrases provided below the abstract. Keywords must be standard scientific terms or phrases written in English. Words or phrases should be separated by a semicolon (;).

Correspondence: contains complete contact details of the lead author: full name, institution, mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and email address.

Introduction: Background to the problem, formulation, and purpose of the work, case or review, and prospects for future research. The rationale of the study must be stated together with the main problem under investigation, any unusual findings, and, finally, references consulted. Introduction in literature reviews is followed by headline topics and exposures to be discussed.

Review(s): Contains points and detailed matters based on literature which correlates with the discussed subject, to be discussed in the discussion section.

Methods: A clear description of materials consulted, experiments conducted and methods applied should be provided enabling any necessary duplication of the research to re-assess its validity. Reference should be made to any innovative methods. Research ethics relating to the use of animal and/or human subjects must be stated in accordance with an academic convention.

Results: Presented accurately, concisely, and in a logical sequence with the minimum number of tables and illustrations necessary to summarize the most important observations.

Discussion: Interprets the meaning of the review. This section should include conclusions arising from the reported research or case and any relevant suggestions for further studies. The discussion must correspond to the results and begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in the discussion:

  • How does your review relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the introduction (what/how)?

  • Are scientific interpretations provided for each of the reviews or findings presented (why)?

  • Is the review consistent with what other investigators have reported or do any differences exist (what else)?

Conclusions: Include a 2-3 sentence summary of the major conclusions of the review.

Acknowledgments: Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship, including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials. Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

References: Arranged according to Vancouver style. References must be numbered consecutively in the sequence in which they appear in the text and listed at the end in numerical, rather than alphabetical order. Arabic numerals should identify references contained in the text, tables, and legends in superscript. References must be valid, published within the last ten years, and contain at least 70% primary references (journals, thesis, dissertations, and patent documents). Unpublished sources, such as manuscripts in preparation and personal communications, are not acceptable as references. Only sources cited in the text should appear in the references list. The names of authors must be written consistently. The numbers and volumes of journals must be cited. Edition, publisher, city, and page numbers of textbooks must also be included. References to downloaded internet sources must mention the time of access and web address. All literature reviews should include a minimum of 50 references.

 

Figures or Illustrations

All figures, illustrations, and photos must be concise, relevant, informative, referenced and contained in a file (JPEG, PNG, or TIFF format). Figures can take the forms of charts, graphs, diagrams, photographs, radiographs, or their scanned counterparts. Any white or black space surrounding the image should be cropped out. Diagrams, drawings, graphs, and other line art must be vector or saved at a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Photographs and radiographs with text must be saved as postscript or at a resolution of at least 200 dpi. Scale markers should be used in electron micrographs, and the type of stain used should be indicated.

The maximum number of figures, illustrations, photos, and tables contained in the research report and literature review is 4 (four), while that for case reports is 8 (eight). All figures, illustrations and photos must be separated from the manuscript text. Images should be referred to in the text and figure legends should be listed at the end of the manuscript, citing illustrations in numerical order (figure 1, figure 2, etc.) as they appear in the text. Written permission must be obtained for the reproduction of content previously published in copyrighted material, including: tables, figures, and quoted text exceeding 150 words in length.

 

Tables

Tables should be submitted in the same format as the article and embedded in the document where the table should be cited. Tables must be presented horizontally (without vertical line separation) to facilitate understanding of their content. If table(s) are presented in excel format, they must be copied and pasted into the manuscript file. In extreme circumstances, excel files can be uploaded as supplementary files. However, this is not advised as they will not be accepted should the article subsequently be approved for publication. Tables should be self-explanatory, containing data that is not duplicated within the text and figures.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

 

Copyright Notice

Creative Commons License

Vision Science and Eye Health Journal by Universitas Airlangga is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  1. The journal allows the author to hold the copyright of the article without restrictions.
  2. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.
  3. The legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY-SA).
  4. The Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike (CC BY-SA) license allows re-distribution and re-use of a licensed work on the conditions that the creator is appropriately credited and that any derivative work is made available under “the same, similar or a compatible license”. Other than the conditions mentioned above, the editorial board is not responsible for copyright violations.

 

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