Description of Stroke Patients with History of Smoking Activities

Age Cigarette Gender Smoking Stroke


July 31, 2022



  1. Smoking raises the risk of cardiovascular disease, which can lead to stroke.
  2. A total of 33 stroke patients were selected from 579 samples. The results show some tendencies.
  3. The tendency of stroke patients with a history of activity to smoke can be explained for a number of reasons.



Introduction: Smoking is a habit of Indonesian society and can be found in many places. Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular problems, which can lead to stroke. Objective: Provides an overview of stroke patients who smoke from January to December 2020. Methods: This retrospective, descriptive research used medical records and extra data from telephone interviews with patients. A non-probability purposive sampling strategy with a total sampling method is used in this investigation. The observed variables include age, gender, number of cigarettes consumed per day, length of smoking history, type of stroke, and comorbidity. Results: The sample consisted of 33 participants chosen among 579 stroke patients. The age range of 56–65 (39.4%) was found to be the most prevalent in the 33 samples, and the sex group was dominated by men (100%). Then, for the smoking habit, the highest number of cigarettes consumed per day was dominated by the group of 9-16 cigarettes per day (45.46%). The group dominates the long smoking history with a smoking history of 30-50 years (42.43%). Ischemic stroke, also known as cerebral infarction, was the most common type (78.79%) among the samples. Of the 33 samples of stroke patients who smoked, 4 (12.12%) experienced comorbidities, including coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and essential thrombocytosis. Conclusion: Several factors describe the tendency of stroke patients with a smoking history.