Knowledge Improvement of Xerosis Cutis through Health Education in the Elderly

xerosis cutis sensitive skin elderly health education human and health

Authors

  • Damayanti
    damayanti@fk.unair.ac.id
    Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2388-6740
  • Astindari Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Trisiswati Indranarum Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Farsha Naufal Hadiwidjaja Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Presstisa Gifta Axelia Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
  • Hasnikmah Mappamasing Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Universitas Airlangga/Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya
November 30, 2022

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Background: Xerosis cutis presents in more than 50% of the elderly population and is currently the most common complaint related to a skin condition in the elderly population. However, many of them are still uninformed of this complaint. Education plays an important role in the management of xerosis cutis, such as how to identify and avoid triggering factors and how to break the itch-scratch cycle. Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the level of knowledge on xerosis cutis in the elderly population after receiving health education. Methods: This observational study involved 71 subjects who met the inclusion criteria of being elderly and were willing to participate in this study. The data were collected using questionnaires. The level of knowledge was assessed before and after the health education around xerosis cutis. Result: Eleven (15.49%) male and 60 (84.51%) female subjects participated in this study. There was a significant difference mean scores between the pre-test and post-test after health education (p= <0.001). The means of total scores of the pre-test and post-test were 11.72 ± 1.475 and 12.58 ± 1.662. The questionnaire consisted of  chapters regarding skin changes in the elderly, risk factors for xerosis cutis, and management of xerosis cutis. A significant difference in score between the pre-test and post-test was found in all the chapters (p=0.046, p=0.002, and p=0.006). Conclusion: Following health education, there was an improvement in the elderly's level of knowledge on xerosis cutis.

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