Chemical Peeling in Skin-Aging Patients: A Retrospective Study

skin aging photoaging ultraviolet radiation chemical peeling

Authors

  • Ester Chateline Susanto Medical Program, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Trisniartami Setyaningrum
    setyaningrumtrisniartami@gmail.com
    Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga / Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6923-7167
  • Arifa Mustika Department of Medical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Linda Astari Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga / Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia
March 31, 2023

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Background: Skin aging is a degenerative process that involves a decrease in the structure and function of skin cells and the
extracellular matrix due to intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Chemical peeling is one of the skin aging treatments that involves
skin ablation using chemical agents. Purpose: To evaluate the profile of skin-aging patients treated with chemical peeling at
the Dermatology and Venereology Outpatient Unit of Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya from January through
December 2019. Methods: The data were obtained from patients’ medical records through a total sampling technique, which
consisted of age, gender, occupation, history taking, physical examination, diagnosis, therapeutic agents, follow-up frequency,
and therapeutic result. Result: The study included 37 patients, the majority of whom were between the ages of 46 and 55
(35.1%), female (100%), and private employees (32.4%). In history taking, patients’ main complaint is dull skin (94.6%), with
the risk factor of sun exposure (97.3%) and the history of sunscreen usage (81.1%). Pigmentary changes were found in all
patients (100%). The most common diagnoses are photoaging Glogau II and Glogau III, found in 15 patients (40.5%),
respectively. The common priming agents were sunscreen (97.3%), cleanser (94.6%), and 8% glycolic acid (75.7%). The
majority of patients (62.2%) received 20% glycolic acid as a peeling agent and sunscreen (86.5%) as a post-peeling agent.
The majority of patients (43.2%) did not follow up. Glogau II photoaging (57.1%) was the main therapeutic result.
Conclusion: Proper chemical peeling procedures and patients compliance are important factors to improve therapeutic
outcomes.

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