Profil Pasien Baru Kandidiasis

Apriliana Puspitasari, Arthur Pohan Kawilarang, Evy Ervianty, Abu Rohiman

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/bikkk.V31.1.2019.24-34
Abstract views = 275 times | views = 629 times

Abstract


Latar Belakang: Kandidiasis adalah infeksi jamur yang bersifat oportunistik yang disebabkan oleh Candida sp. Prevalensi kandidiasis di Indonesia sekitar 20-25%, dapat menyerang rambut, kulit, kuku, selaput lendir, dan organ lain seperti mulut dan kerongkongan, namun informasi tentang faktor dan karakteristik risikonya masih terbatas. Tujuan: Mengevaluasi gambaran dan karakteristik pasien baru kandidiasis. Metode: Penelitian deskriptif retrospektif yang dilakukan dengan mengevaluasi rekam medis pasien kandidiasis di Divisi Mikologi URJ Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya tahun 2013-2016. Hasil: Dalam kurun waktu tahun 2013-2016 didapatkan 298 pasien baru. Jenis kandidiasis terbanyak adalah kandidiasis intertriginosa (50,5%). Distribusi jenis kelamin yang paling banyak adalah perempuan (62,4%) dengan usia terbanyak 45-64 tahun (31,5%). Penyakit penyerta terbanyak adalah diabetes melitus. Keluhan utama terbanyak berupa gatal dengan efloresensi berupa satelit papul. Hasil laboratorium 30,2% positif untuk blastospora dan blastospora+hifa, dengan hasil kultur berupa Candida sp. Simpulan: Kandidiasis sering ditemukan dan jumlah kejadian setiap tahun berfluktuasi di Divisi Mikologi Unit Rawat Jalan Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya.


Keywords


infeksi oportunistik; kandidiasis; Candida sp;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahsani, D. (2014). Respon Imun Pada Infeksi Jamur. Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia, 6(2).

Ardakani, M., Ghaderi, N. and Kafaii, P. (2016). The Diagnostic Accuracy of Potassium Hydroxide Test in Dermatophytosis. Journal of Basic and Clinical Medicine, 5(2), pp.4-6.

Babic M, Hukic M. Candida albicans and non-albicans species as etiological agent of vaginitis in pregnant and non-pregnant women. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2010;10(1):89–97.

Beckmann, Charles R.B et al. (2010). Obstetrics and Gynecology. Ed. 6. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, pp. 243.

Berhimpon AM. Profil kandidosis pada penderita yang bekunjung ke Poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin di RSUP Manado periode Januari 1999-Desember 2001 [Skripsi]. Manado: Fakultas Kedokteran Sam Ratulangi; 2003.

Bhavan PS, Rajkumar R, Radhakrishnan S. Culture and Identification of Candida albicans from Vaginal Ulcer and Separatian of Enolase on SDS-PAGE. International Journal of Microbiology. CCSE. Coimbatore. 2010:84-93.

Cdc.gov. (2017). Candidiasis | Types of Diseses | Fungal Diseases | CDC. [online] Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/candidiasis/. (Diakses pada: 28 Mei 2017).

Spampinato, C. and Leonardi, D. (2013). Candida Infections, Causes, Targets, and Resistance Mechanisms: Traditional and Alternative Antifungal Agents. BioMed Research International, p.13.

Dabas, P. (2013). An approach to etiology, diagnosis and management of different types of candidiasis. Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research, 4(6), pp.63-74.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS. Bailey & Scott’s Diagnostic Microbiology 12th ed. Mosby Elsevier. Chicago. 2007:631, 640-56, 700,703-4, 778,860.

Goldsmith, L., Katz, S., Gilchrest, B., Paller, A., Leffell, D. and Wolff, K. (2012). Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, pp.2298-2299.

Greenwood D, Slack R, Peutherer J, et al. Medical Microbiologi A Guide to Microbial Infection: Pathonesis, Immunity, Laboratory Diagnosis and Control. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. Edinburgh. 2007:60, 596, 602-4,614-16.

Hasan ASH, Al-Duliami AA, Al-Azawi NS. The Rate of Cutaneous Candidiasis in Patients with Skin Mycoses in Baquba/Diyala Province Iraq. Iraqi J Comm Med. 2008,3:242-5.

Jha BK, Dey S, Tamang MD. Characterization of Candida species isolated from cases of lower respiration tract Infection. Katmandu University Medical Journal. Kathamandu. Vol. 4, No. 3. Issue 15. 2006:290-4.

Keumala Mutiawati, V. (2016). Pemeriksaan mikrobiologi pada candida albicans. Jurnal kedokteran syiah kuala, 16(1).

Kuleta, J.K., Maria R.K., and Andrzej K., Fungi Pathogenic To Humans: Molecular Bases of Virulence of Candida Albicans, Cryptococcus Neoformans and Aspergillus Fumigates, Act Biochim Pol,. 2009; 56: 211-224.

Lestari, P. (2010). Peran Faktor Virulendi Pada Patogenesis Infeksi Candida albicans. Stomatognatic (J. K. G Unej), 7(2), pp. 113-117.

L. Mayer, F., Wilson, D. and Hube, B. (2013). Candida albicans pathogenicity mechanisms. 4(2), pp.119-128.

Lim, C., Rosli, R., Seow, H. and Chong, P. (2012). Candida and invasive candidiasis: back to basics.

Mahon CR, Manuselis G. Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology. 2nd ed. WB Saunders. Philadelphia. 2000:191-208, 711-753.

Maria Ulfa, Iskandar Zulkarnain (2016). Epidemiologi dermatomikosis di Indonesia. Dalam: Budimulya U, Kuswadji, Bramono K, Menaldi SL, Dwihastuti P, Widati S, editor. Dermatomikosis superfisialis. Edisi ketiga. Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI; 2004. h. 1–6.

Mohammadi, R., & Ataei, B. (2016). Candidiasis in Pediatrics; Identification and In vitro Antifungal Susceptibility of the Clinical Isolates. Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, 6(1), 43–51.

Murtiastutik, D., Ervianti, E., Agusni, I. and Suyoso, S. (2016). 2nd ed. Surabaya: Departemen/SMF Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga/RSUD Dr. Soetomo, pp.86-92.

Pallavan, B., Ramesh, V., Dhanasekaran, B., Oza, N., indu, S. and Govindarajan, V. (2014). Comparison and correlation of candidal colonization in diabetic patients and normal individuals. Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, 13.

Paul ME, Shearer WT. Evalutian of the Immunodeficient Patient. Dalam: Fleisher TA, Shearer WT, Schroeder HW Jr. Clinical Immunology Principles and Practise 3th ed. Mosby Elsevier. Philadelphia. 2008:463-91.

Ponka D, Baddar F. Wood lamp examination. Can Fam Physician 2012;58:976.

Rahmadhani Soetojo, S. and Astari, L. (2016). Profile of New Patients with Candida Infection in Skin and Nail. BIKKK - Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin - Periodical of Dermatology and Venereology, 28(1).

Rahman MH, Hadiuzzaman Md, Jaman MK, Bhuiyan, Islam N, Ansari NP, et al. Prevalence of superficial fungal infections in the rural areas of Bangladesh. Iran J Dermatol. 2011;14:86-91.

Rara SS, Pieter LS, Herry EJP (2013). Kandidiasis kutan dan mukokutan. Dalam: Budimulja U, Kuswadji, Bramono K, Menaldi SL, Dwihastuti P, Widaty S, editor. Dermatomikosis superfisialis (Edisi ke-2). Jakarta: Balai Penerbit FKUI, 2004; p.58-74.

Rara SS, Pieter LS, Herry EJP (2013). Yeast infection: candidiasis and tinea (pityriasis) versicolor. Dalam: Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffell DJ, editor. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine (Edisi ke-7). hal. 1822.

Raz-Pasteur, A., Ullmann, Y. and Berdicevsky, I. (2011). The Pathogenesis of Candida Infections in a Human SkinModel: Scanning ElectronMicroscope Observations.

Richardson, M. and Moore, C. (2017). Superficial and Subcutaneous Fungal Pathogens. Infectious Diseases, pp.1710-1724.e1.

Rook, A., Barker, J., Bleiker, T., Chalmers, R., Creamer, D. and Griffiths, C. (2016). Rook's textbook of dermatology. 9th ed. Chichester, West Sussex (UK): Wiley Blackwell.

Safira Seru, R., E.J. Pandeleke, H. and Levinus Suling, P. (2013). Profil Kandidiasis Kutis di Poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin RSUP Prof. Dr. R.D. Kandou Manado Periode 2009-2011. Jurnal e-Biomedik (eBM), 1(1), pp.561-565.

Schieke SM, Garg A. Superficial fungal Infection. In: Wolff K, Goldsmith LA, Katz SI, Gilchrest BA, Paller AS, Leffel DJ, Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Companies; 2012. P.2298.

Schieke, S., dan Garg, A. (2012). Superficial Fungal Infection. Fitzpatrick’s: Dermatology in General Medicine, 4(8) pp.277-290.

Sobel DJ, Vazquez AJ. Candidiasis. In: Dismukes EW, Pappas GP, Sobel DJ, editors. Clinical mycologi. New York: Oxford University Press; 2003. p. 143-87.

Sopian, I., Ahmed, M., Lung, L., Sandai, D. and Shahabudin, S. (2016). Yeast Infection and Diabetes Mellitus among Pregnant Mother in Malaysia. Malays J Med Sci, 23(1), pp.27-34.

Spampinato, C. and Leonardi, D. (2013). Candida Infections, Causes, Targets, and Resistance Mechanisms: Traditional and Alternative Antifungal Agents. BioMed Research International.

Supadmi, Woro. 2011. “Evaluasi Penggunaan Obat Antihipertensi pada Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang menjalani Hemodialisis”. Jurnal Ilmiah Kefarmasian. Vol. 1 (1): 67- 80.

Surain Dabas, P. (2013). An approach to etiology, diagnosis and management of different types of candidiasis. Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research, 4(6), p.Department of Microbiology, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra-136119, Haryana, India.

Suraprasit, M.D.,, P., Bunyaratavej, M.D., S., Pattanaprichakul, M.D., P., Kobwanthanakun, M.D., W., Prasertworonun, M.D, N. and Leeyaphan, M.D., C. (2016). Wood’s Lamp Examination: Evaluation of Basic Knowledge in General Physicians. Sirijaj Medical Journal, 68.

The University of Adelaide. 2016. Clinical Grouping for Fungal Infections: Skin Mycology. [online]. Diakses dari: http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au/Mycoses/ (Diakses pada: 28 Mei 2017).

, The University of Adelaide. 2016. Dermatophytosis. [online]. Diakses dari: http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au/Mycoses/Cutaneous/. (Diakses pada: 28 Mei 2017).

Wahyuningsih R, Tsuboi R, Burhan E, Rusyati LMM, Ariwatin NL, Miranda E, et al, editors. Programme and Abstract Book The 6th Asia Pacific Society for Medical Mycology (APSMM) Congress. Bali: Indonesia Society for Human and Animal Micology Indonesia; 2013. p.122.

Widaty, S. (2016). Ilmu Penyakit Kulit dan Kelamin. 7th ed. Indonesia: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, pp.117-120.

Wowor, SR. Pandeleke H,. E. J and Kapantow, M., G. (2012). Profil Kandidiasis Intertriginosa di Poliklinik Kulit dan Kelamin RSUP Prof. Dr. R.D. Kandou Manado Periode Januari - Desember 2012. Jurnal e-Biomedik (eBM).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin

 

 

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial 4.0 Internasional.

View My Stats