Anticipated Barrier to Health Seeking Behavior dan Sosial Ekonomi Pada Penyintas Kanker

Sifa Fitri

Sari


Setiap tahun terjadi lonjakan prevalensi penyintas kanker di Indonesia. Angka kematian di Indonesia yang disebabkan oleh kanker mencapai angka 132,6 penderita kanker dalam populasi 100.000 orang pada tahun 2018. Keterlambatan diagnosis menjadi salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi naiknya angka kematian karena kanker. Status sosial dan ekonomi adalah salah satu faktor yang mungkin berperan pada keputusan penyintas kanker untuk tidak memeriksakan diri. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan dan melihat apakah ada perbedaan respon kelompok-kelompok sosial ekonomi pada anticipated barrier to visit general practitioner. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pengisian kuesioner Awareness and Belief about Cancer pada 101 penyintas kanker. Ditemukan tidak adanya perbedaan respon antara kelompok-kelompok sosial dan ekonomi pada anticipated barrier to visit general practitioner. Sebagian besar dari responden menilai bahwa ketakutan akan diagnosis dokter adalah hal yang membuat responden mempertimbangkan keputusannya untuk pergi ke dokter.


Kata Kunci


kanker; penyintas kanker; perilaku sehat; sosial dan ekonomi

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Abdelsattar, Z. M., Hendren, S., & Wong, S. L. (2017). The impact of health insurance on cancer care in disadvantaged communities. Cancer, 123(7), 1219–1227. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.30431

Abraham, C., & Sheeran, P. (2015). The Health Belief Model (Vol. 2).

Agarwal, A. K., Sethi, A., Sareen, D., & Dhingra, S. (2011). Treatment delay in oral and oropharyngeal cancer in our population: the role of socio-economic factors and health-seeking behaviour. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery : Official Publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India, 63(2), 145–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12070-011-0134-9

Chinn, P. . (1999). Theory and nursing: Integrated knowledge development. St. Louis: Mosby.

Cousins, N. (1982). Denial: Are Sharper Definitions Needed? JAMA, 248(2), 210–212. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1982.03330020054029

Cromme, S. K., Whitaker, K. L., Winstanley, K., Renzi, C., & Smith, C. F. (2016). Worrying about wasting GP time as a barrier to, (July). https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp16X685621

Diemer, M. A., & Rasheed Ali, S. (2009). Integrating Social Class Into Vocational Psychology: Theory and Practice Implications. Journal of Career Assessment, 17(3), 247–265. https://doi.org/10.1177/1069072708330462

Facione, N. C., & Facione, P. A. (2006). The cognitive structuring of patient delay in breast cancer. Social Science & Medicine, 63(12), 3137–3149. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2006.08.014

Himawan, A., & Hapsari, D. . (2017, December 19). Sri Mulyani Akui Pembangunan masih terpusat di Jawa dan Sumatera. Retrieved from suara.com: https://www.suara.com/bisnis/2017/12/19/172945/sri-mulyani-akui-pembangunan-masih-terpusat-di-jawa-dan-sumatera?page=all

Hvidberg, L., Wulff, C. N., Pedersen, A. F., & Vedsted, P. (2015). Barriers to healthcare seeking, beliefs about cancer and the role of socio-economic position. A Danish population-based study. Preventive Medicine, 71, 107–113. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.12.007

Indonesian Investment. (2017, January 12). Kemiskinan di Indonesia.

Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The Health Belief Model: a decade later. Health Education Quarterly, 11(1), 1–47. https://doi.org/10.1177/109019818401100101

Jemal, A., Bray, F., Center, M. M., Ferlay, J., Ward, E., & Forman, D. (2011). Global cancer statistics. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 61(2), 69–90. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.20107

Kaplan, G. A., Haan, M. N., Syme, S. L., Minkler, M., & Winkleby, M. (1987). Kaplan GA, Socioeconomic Status and Health, 1987.pdf.

KING, R. A., & LEACH, J. E. (1950). Factors contributing to delay by patients in seeking medical care. Cancer, 3(4), 571–579. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0142(1950)3:4<571::aid-cncr2820030403>3.0.co;2-#

Llewellyn, C. D., Johnson, N. W., & Warnakulasuriya, S. (2004). Factors associated with delay in presentation among younger patients with oral cancer. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology, 97(6), 707–713. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tripleo.2004.01.007

Meilanova, D. R. (2019). Gara-gara Telat Berobat, Kematian Penderita Kanker di Indonesia Tinggi. Bisnis.Com. Retrieved from https://lifestyle.bisnis.com/read/20190117/106/879637/gara-gara-telat-berobat-kematian-penderita-kanker-di-indonesia-tinggi

Neuman, W. . (2007). Basic of Social Research : Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches 2nd Edition. Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Observatory, I. G. C. (2018). GLOBOCAN 2018 database.

Pranita, E. (2020, February 7). Deteksi Dini Tingkatkan Angka Harapan Hidup Pasien Kanker, Kok Bisa? Retrieved from kompas.com: https://sains.kompas.com/read/2020/02/07/090300023/deteksi-dini-tingkatkan-angka-harapan-hidup-pasien-kanker-kok-bisa-?page=all

Romadani, D. I. (2014). Gambaran Penderita Kanker Serviks Yang Terlambat Melakukan Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks.

Simon, A. E., Waller, J., Robb, K., & Wardle, J. (2010). Patient Delay in Presentation of Possible Cancer Symptoms: The Contribution of Knowledge and Attitudes in a Population Sample from the United Kingdom. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers &Amp; Prevention, 19(9), 2272 LP – 2277. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-10-0219

Wicaksono, B. S. (2018, October 10). Perih dan Perih, Menjadi Pasien Kanker yang Berobat dengan BPJS.

World Health Organization. (2020). Cancer Country Profile.WHO


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.


##submission.copyrightStatement##

##submission.license.cc.by-sa4.footer##

ISSN Online: 2776-1851

View My Stats