Deep Breathing Exercise in Improving Physical Changes in PulmonaryTuberculosis Patients

Muhamad Ihlasul Amal, Kusnanto Kusnanto, Tiyas Kusumaningrum

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/cmsnj.v4i2.12397
Abstract views = 2194 times | downloads = 814 times

Abstract


Introduction: Pulmonary Tuberculosis is caused by Mycrobacterium Tuberculosis lead to lung parenchymal inflammation and reduce the total functional lung. Deep breathing exercises (DBE) is a pulmonary rehabilitation that can be used as an alternative method to maintain the lung function of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.

Methods: This study used a quasy experiments design. The population was all patients with pulmonary tuberculosis in Puskesmas Perak Timur Surabaya. The sample was selected using purposive sampling technique. DBE is the independent variable. The dependent variable were the physical changes include peak expiratoty flow rate (PEFR), oxygen saturation, respiratory rate (RR), breath sounds, and dyspnea. Data was collected by observation tools (pulse oximetry, peak flow meters). Data was analyzed using Independent T-test, Paired T-test, Chi Square, and McNemar.

Results: The results showed a significant change in breath sounds (p=0,031) and dyspnea (p=0.031) after given DBE, but no significant difference in PEFR (p=0.155), oxygen saturation (p=0,730) and respiratory rate (p=0.125) after given DBE.

Conclusions: Nurses can use the DBE as respiratory management intervention in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and as a basis for making SOP DBE in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.


Keywords


pulmonary tuberculosis, deep breathing exercise, respiratory rate, peak expiratory flow rate, oxygen saturation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alsagaff, H & Mukty, A., (2006). Dasar-Dasar Ilmu Penyakit Paru. Surabaya : Airlangga University Press

Andarmoyo, S, (2012). Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia (Oksigenasi), Konsep, Proses, dan Praktik Keperawatan. Yogyakarta : Graha Ilmu

Danusantoso, H, (2012). Buku Saku Ilmu Penyakit Paru, edisi 2. Jakarta : EGC

Hussain, G, Zafar, S, CH, AA, CH, ZA, Ahmad, MZ, (2007). Comparative Study of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Cigarette Smokers and Non-Smokers of Lahore District. vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 255-259 : ANNALS

Lasmana, PD, (2010). Perbedaan Nilai Arus Puncak Ekspirasi Antara Polisi Satlantas dengan Polisi Bagian Administrasi, Skripsi Dipublikasikan. Solo : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Critical, Medical and Surgical Nursing Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This Journal is Indexed by:

      

 

This journal is Publish by the Faculty of Nursing Universitas Airlangga and in Collaboration with Indonesian Emergency and Disaster Nurses Association (IEDNA) East Java and Indonesian Critical Care Nurses Association (ICCNA) East Java


  

  

Creative Commons License

CMSNJ by Unair is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats