Hearing Loss Risk Factors Analysis among Gold Mining Dozer Operators

dozer operators, hearing loss, mining, noise

Authors

  • Aisy Rahmania
    aisyrahmania@unida.gontor.ac.id
    Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia Siman Street, Demangan, Siman, Ponorogo 63471 East Java, Indonesia
  • Eka Rosanti Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia Siman Street, Demangan, Siman, Ponorogo 63471 East Java, Indonesia
  • Ramadhan Saputra Universitas Darussalam Gontor, Indonesia Siman Street, Demangan, Siman, Ponorogo 63471 East Java, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Rifki Taufik Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi dan Geofisika Angkasa I, No. 2 Kemayoran, Central Jakarta 10610, Indonesia
June 16, 2022

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Introduction: industrial mining activities have the highest prevalence of NIHL due to operating a heavy vehicle. Dozer is one of the heavy vehicles with a high noise level. Methods: This study was descriptive research about risk factors related to hearing loss of 28 dozer operators at PT. X. The risk factors consisted of demographic factors, working behavior (listening to music, smoking), noise levels were analyzed with hearing loss using STS. Interviews were conducted with the workers and company representatives. Hearing loss examination used an audiometric test to determine the STS of the operators with the result that positive more than 10 dB and negative at 10 dB or less. All the data is secondary. Results: noise level of all dozers exceeds the TLV (>85dB) operated for 10 hours a day and six days a week. Half of the dozer operators had STS (+) occurred at age 40 years and older, working for more than five years, not use the PPE or misused, the habit of listening to music and smoking. Conclusion: noise and demographic factors can increase the risk of hearing loss in dozer operators. The company must control by combining plywood, foam, tray, and coir material in the dozer cabin, which can reduce 31.94 dB and apply for PPE double protection.