Analisis Kecenderungan Survival Penderita HIV (+) dengan Terapi ARV Menggunakan Aplikasi Life Table

Munfaridah Munfaridah, Diah Indriani

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jbk.v5i2.2016.99-106
Abstract views = 662 times | views = 1083 times

Abstract


Survival analysis was a technique in statistical that used to analyze the data of an event, starting from the beginning to the end of the event and noted the timing of the events that have been determined, time was recorded in a day, week, month, or year. The purpose of this research was analyzed tendency survival with HIV positive of stage III to clinical stage AIDS. This research method used analytic observational with retrospective cohort design, analysis data used descriptive analysis and analysis of life table survival. The research used units of data population with inclution criteria, the first diagnosed with HIV (+) stage III at Dr. Kariadi Semarang Hospital from year 2008–2012, CD4 less from 200 sel/mm3 and consumed antiretroviral. The results showed a tendency survival of patients with HIV faster have been AIDS are low educational status 10 months, faster than on the status of higher education with decreased survival of 50%; the age group over 40 years, faster of 35 months less than the age group less 40, with years with decreased survival of 25%; HIV patients who started antiretroviral therapy with low CD4 counts, faster 7.5 months had been AIDS at the start of antiretroviral therapy with CD4 high, the chances of survival decrease by 60%. Early detection of HIV must be done in order to support the prevention of AIDS.

Keywords


survival time, HIV, life table

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anggraeni, N.D. 2010. Ketahanan Hidup Satu Tahun Pasien HIV/AIDS dengan Pengobatan Regimen ARV Lini Pertama Berdasarkan Jumlah CD4 Sebelum Pengobatan ARV di RSPI Prof. dr. Sulianti Saroso Tahun 2005–2010. Tesis. Jakarta: FKM-UI Program Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat.

Boris, J., Danielle, P., Musie, G., Carmen, C., Marcus, A., Henry, S., Richard, AM., and Bruce, DW. 2012. Factors predicting discordant virological and immunological responses to antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 clade C infected Zulu/Xhosa in south Africa. PLOSO ONE (7).

Kemenkes RI. 2006. Pedoman nasional perawat, Dukungan dan Pengobatan bagi ODHA. In Buku pedoman untuk petugas kesehatan dan petugas lainnya. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Highleyman, L. 2009. Large Meta-analysis Indicates Antiretroviral Therapy Works as Well for Women as for Men. HIV and hepatitis.com, 20 Februari.

Kaufmann,GR., Hansjakob, F., Bruno, L., Luc, P., Milos, O., Pietro V. 2005.Characteristics, determinants, and clinical relevance of CD4 t cell recovery to lebih dari500 cells/ml in HIV type 1-infected individuals receiving potent antiretroviral therapy. Clinical infectious diseases, 41, pp. 361–72.

Kemenkes RI. 2014. Laporan perkembangan HIV-AIDS di Indonesia tahun 2014. In Data HIV-AIDS. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI. p.113.

Kleinbaum, D.G. 2011. Survival analysis a self learning text. 3rd ed. Atlanta, Georgia: Springer.

Liu, H.H., Yang, X.L., Wang, N., Liu, H.B. 2005. Men who have sex with men and HIV/Sexually transmitted desease control in china. cell res, 15(11-12), pp. 858–64.

Mandal, B.K. 2008. Penyakit Infeksi. Lecture Notes. 6th ed. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Nasronudin, 2008. HIV dan AIDS. Pendekatan biologi molekuler, klinis dan social. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Nursalam. 2007. Asuhan keperawatan pada pasien terinfeksi HIV-AIDS. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Pollard, A.H., Yusuf, F. 1982. Demographic teachniques. Australia: Pergamon Press.

Potter dan Perry. 2005. Fundamental Keperawatan ed 4. Jakarta: EGC.

Sugiharti, H.Y. 2014. Gambaran Kepatuhan orang dengan HIV-AIDS (ODHA) dalam minum obat ARV di kota Bandung, Provinsi Jawa Barat tahun 2011–2012. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 12, pp. 32–31.

Ubra, R. 2012. Faktor- faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan pengobatan minum ARV pada pasien HIV di Kabupaten Mimika Provinsi Papua tahun 2012. Tesis. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Universitas Indonesia.

Viard, JP., Amanda, M., Antonio, C., Ole, K., Birgit, R., George, P., Norbert, V. 2010. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 4(183), pp. 1290–94.

WHO. 2006. Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescent. In recommendations for a public health.

WHO. 2015. Guideline on when to start antiretroviral therapy andon pre exposure. Switzerland: Publications of the World Health.

Yusuf, S. 2006. Psikologi perkembangan anak dan remaja. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosda Karya.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Biometrika dan Kependudukan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

   

 

 

View My Stats

 

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Kampus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C Unair, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: j.biokep@gmail.com / jbk@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 816 502 307