Konfrontasi Amerika Serikat dan Iran dalam Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

Satwika Paramasatya, Sigit Wiranto

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jhi.v12i2.14047
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Abstract


Iran Nuclear Agreement or Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)
was the result of diplomatic negotiations achieved by the United States,
United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, Germany, and Iran in 2015. The
newly elected president of the United States Donald Trump brought new
policies to the Iran’s nuclear issue. On May 8, 2018 The US government
unilaterally withdraw themselves from the JCPOA agreement and
decided to reimpose the sanctions for Iran. This research tries to analyze
why the US changed its policy to withdraw from the nuclear agreement by
using analytic eclecticism, with the combination of the security dilemma
and cognitive consistency theory. The result of this research shows that
the US’ withdrawal from JCPOA psychologically caused by Trump’s
cognitive consistency. He thought that Iran’s nuclear agreement is a bad
and unreliable agreement because under this nuclear agreement, US and
its allies still feel the security dilemma. Therefore, it pushed Trump to
increase the pressure to Iran by withdrawing themselves from the nuclear
agreement.


Keywords


Iran Nuclear Agreement, JCPOA, Security Dilemma, Cognitive Consistency, Analytic Eclecticism

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References


IAEA, 2016. Verification and monitoring in the Islamic Republic of

Iran in light of United Nations Security Council resolution

(2015).

Katzman, K., 2018. “Iran’s Foreign and Defense Policies”,

Congressional Research Service.

Saïd, A., 2016. “Iran And The United States’ Relations In The Context

Of The Nuclear Deal”, Tesis Master. Prague: Faculty of Social

Sciences Charles University in Prague.


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