Globalisasi Hooliganisme terhadap Suporter Sepak Bola di Indonesia

Firman Hendika, Nuraeni Nuraeni

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jhi.v13i1.18269
Abstract views = 1692 times | downloads = 2584 times

Abstract


Hooliganism is defined as an act of a group of supporters who embrace rogue and destructive actions by a group of football supporters (hooligans), such as fighting, vandalism, and carrying out acts of intimidation. In Indonesia itself, lately the act of hooliganism is rife found through the actions of supporters of football clubs in Indonesia that characterize the actions of British hooligans. Many football supporter groups in Indonesia are starting to follow the style of British hooligans. Supporters from Indonesia get influence and information about hooliganism through social and electronics media that are supported by the entry of globalization era. In this study focuses on how the globalization of hooliganism towards supporters of football clubs in Indonesia which then aims to provide an overview of the development of hooliganism culture in football supporters in Indonesia.

In conducting this research, researchers used a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. The data analyzed are the results of literature studies and expert interviews that are relevant to the research that researchers do.

The results show that globalization has accelerated the spread of Hooliganism culture towards football supporters in Indonesia. Many groups of supporters in Indonesia feel more powerful when identifying themselves as a hooligan. Naughty and criminal acts are considered as something that must be done to strengthen the existence of their group among other groups.

Keywoord: Hooliganism, Globalization, Culture, Media

 

Hooliganisme didefinisikan sebagai suatu tindakan kelompok suporter yang melukan tindakan nakal dan merusak oleh kelompok suporter sepakbola (hooligan), seperti berkelahi, vandalisme, dan melakukan tindakan intimidasi. Di Indonesia sendiri, belakangan tindakan Hooliganisme marak ditemukan melaui tindakan-tindakan para suporter klub sepak bola di Indoensia yang mencirikan tindakan para hooligan asal Inggris. Banyak kelompok suporter sepak bola di Indonesia yang mulai mengikuti gaya para hooligan asal Inggris. Para suporter asal Indonesia mendapatkan pengaruh dan informasi mengenai hooliganisme melalui media sosial dan elektronik yang didukung dengan masuknya era globalisasi. Dalam artikel ini berfokus pada bagaimana globalisasi hooliganisme terhadap kelompok suporter klub sepak bola di Indonesia yang kemudian tujuannya memberikan gambaran mengenai perkembangan budaya Hooliganisme dalam suporter sepak bola di Indonesia.

Dalam mengerjakan artikel ini, penulis menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Data yang dianalisis adalah hasil studi literatur serta wawancara para ahli yang relevan dengan artikel yang penulis lakukan.

Hasil artikel menunjukkan bahwa dengan adanya globalisasi telah mempercepat penyebaran paham budaya hooliganisme terhadap kelompok suporter sepak bola di Indonesia. Banyak kelompok supoter di Indonesia yang merasa lebih keren ketika meidentifikasikan diri mereka sebagai seorang hooligan. Tindakan-tindakan nakal dan kriminal dianggap sebagai suatu hal yang harus dilakukan untuk memperkuat eksistensi kelompok mereka diantara kelompok lainnya.

Kata-Kata Kunci: Hooliganisme, Globalisasi, Budaya, Media


Full Text:

PDF

References


Book and Chapter in Book

Buzan, Barry & Ole Wæver. 2003. Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cawthorne, N. (2012). Football Hooligans. New York: Constable & Robinson.

Frosdick, S., & Marsh, P. (2005). Football Hooliganism. Portland: Willan.

Hopkins, M., & Treadwell, J. (2014). Football Hooliganism, Fan Behaviour and Crime: Contemporary Issues. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ritzer, G. 2010. Globalization: A Basic Text. New Jersey: Wiley-Blackwell.

Ross, M. H. 2007. Cultural Contestation in Ehtnic Conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Journal and Online Journal

Ayuningtyas, P. 2009. Viewers and Identity Consciousness: The Analysis of the Responses of Green Street's Viewers. Lingua Cultura, 3 (2): 138-145.

Ghafouri, F., Mirzaei, B., Hums, M. A., & Honavar, A. 2009. Effects of Globalization on Sport Strategies. Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 3 (3): 261-270.

Giulianotti, R., & Robertson, R. 2004. The Globalization of Football: A Study in the Glocalization of the 'Serious Life'. The British Journal of Sociology, 55 (4): 545-568.

Henderson, T. 2011. The English Premier League's Home Grown Player Rule under the Law of The European Union. Brooklyn Journal of International Law, 37 (1): 258-290.

Jan, M. 2009. Globalization of Media: Key Issues and Dimensions. European Journal of Scientific Research, 29 (1): 66-75.

Steen, R. 2016. Interwoven Tragedies: Hillsborough, Heysel, and Denial. Sports in Society, 19 (2): 254-266.

Therborn, G. 2000. Globalizations: Dimensions, Historical Waves, Regional Effects, Normative Governance. International Sociology, 15 (2): 151-179.

Wingkelman, M. J. 1994. Cultutral Shock and Adaption. Journal of Counselling & Development, 73 (2): 121-126.

Wright, G. 1999. Sport and Globalization. Olympic Review, 26 (29): 17-21.

Online Article

Akran, R.A. 2016. Permusuhan Antar Suporter Sepakbola di Indonesia Terlalu Barbar! [online] at https://panditfootball.com/cerita/206667/RAI/161110/permusuhan-antar-suporter-sepakbola-di-indonesia-terlalu-bar-bar [acessed on 3 Februari 2020].

History. 2009. Christopher Columbus. [online] at https://www.history.com/topics/exploration/christopher-columbus [acessed on 29 December 2019].

History. 2010. The Space Race. [online] at https://www.history.com/topics/space-race [acessed on 29 December 2019].

Ramdhani, D. 2017. Kronologi Pengeroyokan Ricko Bobotoh Persib yang Meninggal Dunia [online] at https://regional.kompas.com/read/2017/07/28/07535911/kronologi-pengeroyokan-ricko-bobotoh-persib-yang-meninggal-dunia?page=all. [acessed on 20 Januari 2020].

Simbolon, H. 2018. Headline Kasus Pembunuhan Haringga Sirla Korban Kebencian yang Mengakar [online] at https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/3654973/headline-kasus-pembunuhan-haringga-sirla-korban-kebencian-yang-mengakar [acessed on 20 Januari 2020].

Others

Almuttaqi, Ibrahim. 2016. “Countering ISIS in Southeast Asia: ASEAN’s Efforts at the Regional Level” paper presented in Talking ASEAN on “Countering ISIS in Southeast Asia” on 18 February 2016 in the ASEAN Studies Program The Habibie Center, Jakarta.

Akran, R. A. 2019. Sejarah Hooliganisme di Inggris dan Indonesia. (F. Hendika, Interviewer)

Aunnurahman. 2019. Sejarah Sepakbola di Inggris dan Indonesia. (F. Hendika, Interviewer)

Carnibella, G., Fox, A., Fox, K., McCann, J., Marsh, J., & Marsh, P. 1996. Football Violence in Europe. Social Issues Research Centre.

Deriemaeker, A., & Maere, D. P. 2016. Football Hooliganism in England. University of Antwerp.

Spaaij, R. 2005. The Prevention of Football Hooliganism: A Transnational Perspective. Amsterdam: Amsterdam School for Social Science Research.

Scraton, P. 2009. Hillsborough: The Truth. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing Company

Vreeswijk, M. 2016. Identity Politics of Football Supporters in the Era of Globalization and Commodification: a Dutch Case Study at FC Twente. Dspace Library.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Hubungan Internasional

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

e-ISSN: 2715-1565

https://intra2.lipi.go.id/issn/data/1569559056.png

p-ISSN: 1411-9382

https://intra2.lipi.go.id/issn/data/1180429770.png


Jurnal Hubungan Internasional is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Indexed By: