The Differences of Ventilation Quality, Natural Lighting and House Wall Conditions to Pulmonary Tuberculosis Incidence in The Working Area of Sidomulyo Health Center, Kediri Regency

ventilation quality natural lighting wall condition pulmonary tuberculosis


  • Hirda Ulis Fitriani
    Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia
January 30, 2020


Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) was a disease that causes by the manifestation infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. As a contagious disease, TB causes high morbidity and mortality. Determinant factors that influence the number of TB incidents in the community were the physical environment. This study aims to analyze the differences in environmental conditions for the TB incident at the working area of the Sidomulyo Health Center, Kediri Regency. Method: This study was an observational research with a case-control study design. A total respondent in this study was 44 respondents, divided into two groups: 22 case group respondents and 22 control group respondents. Respondent chosen by a simple random sampling method. Data collection was done through observation and interview activities. Data analysis using the Mann Whitney test. There were differences in physical environment conditions between the two groups (p <0.05) which consisted of ventilation quality, natural lighting, and wall conditions. Result and Discussion: There was no difference in room occupancy density, room air temperature, room air humidity and room floor conditions in patients with pulmonary TB and non-pulmonary TB. Conclusion: Therefore, there was need socialization to provide information about the importance of healthy homes to the community especially about the presence of ventilation, natural lighting, conditions of residential density and wall conditions.