Electronic Waste Problem in Developing Nations: Mismanagement, Health Implications, and Circular Economy Opportunities

Circular economy Health risk Waste management Soil pollution


January 29, 2024


Introduction: Electronic waste (e-waste) has emerged as a global concern due to the exponential growth in electronic consumption and inadequate disposal practices, specifically in developing countries. Among the various dimensions of this problem, the contamination of soil with e-waste has garnered significant attention, owing to its profound implications for environmental integrity and human health. Discussion: The soil contamination leads to diverse ecological repercussions, encompassing disruptions in the cycling of nutrients and biodiversity, as well as the potential for contaminants to accumulate in the food chain. Effective management strategies are imperative to address this multifaceted challenge, the implementation of governmental regulations, the adoption of sustainable e-waste recycling practices, and the raising of public awareness campaigns. The circular economy holds great potential for addressing the environmental and economic challenges. To build a more resilient and eco-friendly urban future, collaborative solutions are necessary to address infrastructural, policy, and awareness issues. In many circumstances, waste management is not primarily the government's duty. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the business sector actively participate in trash management efforts through public education events and charity initiatives. This significant revolution has the potential to meaningfully advance smart city development through the use of technology-driven initiatives. Conclusion: By proactively addressing and reducing e-waste contamination in soil, we can mitigate the effects of environmental hazards and safeguard human health from the negative consequences associated with this burgeoning predicament.