Particulate Matter as a Driven Factor Covid19 Transmission at Outdoor: Review

Hanien Firmansyah, Azmi Nur Fadlillah, Aditya Sukma Pawitra

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jkl.v12i3.2020.225-234
Abstract views = 1857 times | downloads = 1010 times

Abstract


Introduction: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid19) is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus) which attacks the respiratory tract, with mild to severe symptoms. The virus can infect the body through mucous membranes on the face with droplet transmission. Air pollution is thought to contribute to Covid19 events which can worsen the situation of people with Covid19. The aims of this literature review is to analyze Particulate Matter (PM) as environmental factors that contributes Covid19, so it is expected to be a study in terms of prevention and prevention in the field of environmental health. Discussion: PM is thought to have contributed to an increased risk of mortality and morbidity in Covid19 events. PM which has toxic properties can enter the lungs and affect the physiological condition of the lung organs. The findings regarding the presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus RNA strengthen the suspicion that PM plays a role in Covid19 transmission. Several studies have found that there is a relationship between PM and Covid19. PM2.5 which is smaller than PM10 has a higher ability to be a risk factor for ballast in Covid19. Conclusion: The results of this synthesis state that PM can be one of the driving factors of Covid19 transmission in air.


Keywords


Covid19, Transmission, Particulate Matter

Full Text:

PDF

References


Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, et al. Clinical Features of Patients Infected with 2019 Novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet J. 2020; 395(1):497–506. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5

Lai CC, Wang CY, Wang YH, Hsueh SC, Ko WC, Hsueh PR. Global Epidemiology of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Disease Incidence, Daily Cumulative Index, Mortality, and Their Association With Country Healthcare Resources And Economic Status. Int J Antimicrobial Agents. 2020;55(4):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105946

Wang L, Wang Y, Ye D, Liu Q. Review of The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) Based on Current Evidence. Int J Antimicrobial Agents. 2020;55(6):1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105948

Lai C, Shih T, Ko W, Tang H, Hsueh P. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) and Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19): The Epidemic and The Challenges. Int J Antimicrobial Agents. 2020;55(3):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2020.105924

World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-2019) Situation Reports: Situation Report. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease/novel-coronavirus-2019/siuation-reports

Chen R, Yin P, Meng X, Liu C, Wang L, Xu X, et al. Fine Particulate Air Pollution And Daily Mortality. A Nationwide Analysis In 272 Chinese Cities. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017;196(1):73–81. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201609-1862OC

Petrosillo N, Viceconte G, Ergonul O, Ippolito G, Petersen E. COVID-19, SARS and MERS: Are They Closely Correlated?. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2020;26(6):729–734. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2020.03.026

Martelletti L, Martelletti P. Air Pollution and the Novel Covid-19 Disease: a Putative Disease Risk Factor. SN Compr Clin Med. 2020;2(4):383–387. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42399-020-00274-4

Doremalen N van, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BNNJT, et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-Cov-2 As Compared With SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020; 382(1):1564-1567. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2004973

Guan W, Ni Z, Hu Y, Liang W, Ou C, He J, et al. Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 In China. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(1):1708–1720. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa2002032

Sohrabi C, Alsafi Z, O’Neill N, Khan M, Kerwan A, Al-Jabir A, et al. World Health Organization Declares Global Emergency: A Review of The 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Int J of Surgery. 2020;76(1):71-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034

Wang D, Hu B, Hu C, Zhu F, Liu X, Zhang J, et al. Clinical

Characteristics Of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia In Wuhan, China. JAMA. 2020;323(11):1061-1069. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.1585

Li H, Xu X-L, Dai D-W, Huang Z-Y, Ma Z, Guan Y-J. Air Pollution and Temperature are Associated with Increased COVID-19 Incidence: A Time Series Study. Int J Infect Dis. 2020;97(1):278-282 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.076

Gualtieri G, Carotenuto F, Finardi S, Tartaglia M, Toscano P, Gioli B. Forecasting PM10 Hourly Concentrations In Northern Italy: Insights On Models Performance And PM10 Drivers Through Self-Organizing Maps. Atmos Pollut Res. 2018;9(6):1204–1213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2018.05.006

Zanoletti A, Bilo F, Federici S, Borgese L, Depero LE, Ponti J, et al. The First Material Made for Air Pollution Control Able to Sequestrate Fine and Ultrafine Air Particulate Matter. Sustain Cities Soc. 2020;53(101961):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2019.101961

United States Environmental Protection Agency. Particulate Matter (PM) Basics. Washington, D.C: United States Environmental Protection Agency; 2018. https://www.epa.gov/pm-pollution/particulate-matter-pm-basics

Gopalaswam R. A Study on Effects of Weather, Vehicular Traffic and Other Sources of Particulate Air Pollution on The City of Delhi for The Year 2015. J Environ Pollut Hum Health. 2016;4(2):24–41. https://doi.org/10.12691/jephh-4-2-1

Pope CA, Muhlestein JB, Anderson JL, Cannon JB, Hales NM, Meredith KG, et al. Short-Term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution is Preferentially Associated WithThe Risk of ST-Segment Elevation Acute Coronary Events. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4(12):1-10. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.115.002506

Onabowale MK, Owoade OK. Assessment of Residential Indoor - Outdoor Airborne Particulate Matter In Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria. Donnish J Phys Sci. 2015;1(1):1–7. http://donnishjournals.org/djps/abstract/2015/october/Onabowale-et-al.php

Abulude FO. Particulate Matter: An Approach to Air Pollution. Preprints. 2016:1-14. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305400302

Feng C, Li J, Sun W, Zhang Y, Wang Q. Impact of Ambient Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Exposure in The Risk of Influenza-Like-Illness: A Time-Series Analysis In Beijing, China. Enviromental Health. 2016;15(17):1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12940-016-0115-2

Zhao R, Guo Z, Zhang R, Deng C, Xu J, Dong W, et al. Nasal Epithelial Barrier Disruption By Particulate Matter ≤2.5 Μm Via Tight Junction Protein Degradation. Journal of Applied Toxicology. 2017;38(5):67–87. https://doi.org/10.1002/jat.3573

Doremalen N van, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN. Aerosol And Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared With SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(1):32–36. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2004973

Wang B, Liu J, Fu S, Xua X, Lia L, Maa Y. An Effect Assessment of Airborne Particulate Matter Pollution on COVID-19: A Multi-City Study In China. Preprints. 2020:1-10. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340641149

Wu X, Nethery RC, Sabath MB, Braun D, Dominic F. Exposure to Air Pollution and COVID-19 Mortality in the United States: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints MedRxiv. 2020:1-11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277007/

Clay K, Lewis J, Severnini E. Pollution, Infectious Disease, and Mortality: Evidence from The 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic. The Jornal of Economic History. 2018;78(4):1179–1209. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002205071800058

Jiang Y, Wu X-J, Guan Y-J. Effect of Ambient Air Pollutants and Meteorological Variables on COVID-19 Incidence. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 2020;41(7):1–11. https://doi.org/10.1017/ice.2020.222

Lukassen S, Chua RL, Trefzer T, Kahn NC, Schneider MA, Muley T, et al. SARS-CoV-2 Receptor ACE 2 and TMPRSS 2 are Primarily Expressed in Bronchial Transient Secretory Cells. The Embo Journal. 2020;39(1):1–15. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.20105114

Doiron D, de Hoogh K, Probst-Hensch N, Fortier I, Cai Y, De Matteis S, et al. Air Pollution, Lung Function and COPD: Results from The Population-Based UK Biobank Study. European Respiratory J. 2019;54(1):1-9. https://erj.ersjournals.com/content/54/1/1802140

Bloemsma LD, Hoek G, Smit LAM. Panel Studies of Air Pollution in Patients With COPD: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Environmental Research. 2016;151(1):458-468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.08.018

Bilo F, Borgese L, Dalipi R, Zacco A, Federici S, Masperi M, et al. Elemental Analysis Of Tree Leaves By Total Reflection X-Ray Fluorescence: New Approaches For Air Quality Monitoring. Chemosphere. 2017;178(1):504-512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.03.090

Chen R, Hu B, Liu Y, Xu J, Yang G, Xu D, et al. Beyond PM2.5: The Role of Ultrafine Particles on Adverse Health Effects of Air Pollution. Biochim Biophys Acta - Gen Subj. 2016 ;1860(12):2844–2855. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2016.03.019

Toppi LS, Bellini E. Novel Coronavirus: How Atmospheric Particulate Affects Our Environment and Health. Challenges. 2020;11(1):1-6. https://doi.org/10.3390/challe11010006

Ramli NA, Md Yusof NFF, Shith S, Suroto A. Chemical And Biological Compositions Associated With Ambient Respirable Particulate Matter: A Review. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution. 2020;231(120):1-14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-020-04490-5

Lanzinger S, Schneider A, Breitner S, Stafoggia M, Erzen I, Dostal M, et al. Ultrafine And Fine Particles And Hospital Admissions in Central Europe. Results From The UFIREG Study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2016;194(10):1233–1241. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201510-2042OC

Conticini E, Frediani B, Caro D. Can Atmospheric Pollution Be Considered A Co-Factor in Extremely High Level of SARS-CoV-2 Lethality In Northern Italy?. Environmental Pollution. 2020;261(114465):1-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114465

Dutheil F, Baker JS, Navel V. COVID-19 As A Factor Influencing Air Pollution? Environmental Pollution. 2020;263(114466):1-4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114466

Wu F, Zhao S, Yu B, Chen Y-M, Wang W, Song Z-G, et al. A New Coronavirus Associated With Human Respiratory Disease in China. Nature. 2020;579:265–269. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2008-3

Setti L, Passarini F, De Gennaro G, Barbieri P, Perrone MG, Borelli M, et al. SARS-CoV-2 RNA Found on Particulate Matter of Bergamo in Northern Italy: First Evidence. Environmental Research. 2020;17(109754):1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109754

Setti L, Passarini F, De Gennaro G, Barbieri P, Pallavicini A, Ruscio M, et al. Searching for SARS-COV-2 on Particulate Matter: A Possible Early Indicator of COVID-19 Epidemic Recurrence. Int J Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(9):1-5. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17092986

Bashir MF, MA BJ, Bilal, Komal B, Bashir MA, Farooq TH, et al. Correlation between Environmental Pollution Indicators and COVID-19 Pandemic: A Brief Study in Californian context. Environmental Research. 2020;187(109652):1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109652

Zhu Y, Xie J, Huang F, Cao L. Association Between Short-Term Exposure To Air Pollution And COVID-19 Infection: Evidence From China. Sci of The Total Environment. 2020;727(138704):1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138704

Cai J, Sun W, Huang J, Gamber M, Wu J, He G. Indirect Virus Transmission In Cluster Of COVID-19 Cases, Wenzhou, China, 2020. Emerg Infect Dis. 2020;26(6):1343–1345. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid2606.200412

Chen G, Zhang W, Li S, Williams G, Liu C, Morgan GG, et al. Is Short-Term Exposure To Ambient Fine Particles Associated With Measles Incidence In China? A Multi-City Study. Environment Research. 2017;156(1):306-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2017.03.046

Zhao Y, Richardson B, Takle E, Chai L, Schmitt D, Xin H. Airborne Transmission May Have Played A Role in The Spread of 2015 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreaks in The United States. Science Reports. 2019;9(11755):1-10. http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-47788-z

Ye Q, Fu J, Mao J, Shang S. Haze is a Risk Factor Contributing to the Rapid Spread of Respiratory Syncytial Virus in Children. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2016;23(20):20178–20185. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47788-z

Ma Y, Zhou J, Yang S, Zhao Y, Zheng X. Assessment For The Impact of Dust Events on Measles Incidence in Western China. Atmospheric Environment. 2017;157(1):1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.03.010

Greenstone M, Fan Q. AQLI : Kualitas Udara Indonesia yang Memburuk dan Dampaknya Terhadap Harapan Hidup. Reports. Chicago: EPIC The University of Chicago; 2019. https://aqli.epic.uchicago.edu/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Indonesia.Indonesian.pdf


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Hasil gambar untuk by-nc-sa
JKESLING by UNAIR is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Kampus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C Unair, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: jurnal.keslingua@gmail.com / jkesling@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 8967 5816 284 

INDEX BY :

 

       

 View More Indexing and Abstracting

 

 site
stats

View My Stats

Flag Counter