Adaptation Strategies of Sitiarjo Villagers in Water Supply and Sanitation to Face The Health Impacts of Floods

Suliono Suliono

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jkl.v10i4.2018.351-359
Abstract views = 833 times | downloads = 4142 times

Abstract


One of the impacts of climate change is the increasing frequency of flood disaster in Sitiarjo Village, Malang Regency. In recent years, the impact of floods in the form of emerging and rising infectious diseases has been suppressed.. Adaptation strategies implemented in disaster management are thought to be influential factors in the success of disaster risk reduction.This study aims to examine in depth the pattern of adaptation applied in the cycle of disaster management in Sitiarjo Village. This study aims to examine in depth the adaptation strategy adopted in the cycle of disaster management in Sitiarjo Village. The research method is qualitative with case study approach. The subjects of research are the elements directly involved in disaster management consisting of Puskesmas Health Workforce, Village Government Officer, Disaster Volunteer, and Community.The results show that the community adaptation strategy has been running well in the context of disaster preparedness which includes: modification of house design, supply of drinking water and clean water, closet closure and air pit in latrines. While in the context of emergency response, each sector has taken the necessary tasks such as medical action and quality recovery of dug wells.The duties of disaster volunteers such as SIBAT and SBH are very important in empowering the community to create a resilient community.There is still a gap in access to information and tools for the recovery of dug wells in some areas.The conclusion that can be drawn is that most people have adopted a good adaptation strategy in the field of water supply and sanitation to face the health impact of flood disaster. To improve the quality of disaster management still needed additional materials and supporting equipment for Puskesmas and community, and capacity building for disaster volunteers.


Keywords


Flood, Adaptation, Health, Water Supply, Sanitation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bappekab Malang. (2013). Banjir malang selatan. Berita terkini. Tersedia di: http://www.bappekab.malangkab.go.id/berita-212-html (17 April 2017)

Beritajatim. (2014). Tersedia di : http//:www.beritajatim.com/peristiwa/22732/desa_sitiarjo_diterjang_banjir.html(17 januari 2017)

BMKG. (2017). Informasi Perubahan Normal Curah Hujan. Tersedia di http://www.bmkg.go.id/iklim/perubahan-normal-curah-hujan.bmkg (17 April 2017)

BNPB, 2016. Info Bencana Edisi Juni 2016. http://ww.bnpb.go.id(01 Maret 2017)

Cabral. (2010). Water Microbiology. Bacterial Pathogens and Water. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Basel. Tersedia di www.mdpi.com/journal/ijerph

Elsevier. (2014). Quantitative assessment of infection risk from exposure to waterbornepathogens in urban floodwater, Water Research Vol 48.Author.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2013.09.022

Herryal Z. Anwar, Hery Harjono. (2013). Masyarakat Tangguh Bencana Alam Di Indonesia Hidup harmonis dengan alam, Vol., 250. Jakarta : LIPI.

Ireland EPA. (2011). Water Treatment Manual : Disinfection.. Wexford. Author.

K. F. Cann, D. Rh. Thomas, R.L. Salmmon, A.P. Wyn-Jones, D. Kay. (2012). Systematic Review - Extreme water-related weather events and waterborne disease. Epidemiol. Infect. (2013), 141, 671–686. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. Tersedia di https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268812001653 (07 Mar 2017)

Kompas.com. (2016). Tersedia di http://regional.kompas.com/read/2016/10/09/22242711/hujan.deras.231.rumah.di.malang.terendam.banjir. (17 Januari 2017)

Maulana, E. (2015). Pemetaan MultiRawanKabupaten MalangBagian Selatan Dengan Menggunakan Pendekatan Bentang Alam. Yogyakarta. PUSPICS Fakultas Geografi Universitas Gadjah Mada. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303329637.

Moelong, Lexy J. (2009). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung : Remaja Rosdakarya.

PMI. (2007). Kesiapsiagaan Bencana BerBasis MasyaraKat, strategi dan pendeKatan. Jakarta : Markat PMI Pusat

Prasetya I. (2006). Penelitian Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif Untuk Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial. Jakarta :DIA FISIP UI

Pusat Krisis Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2017). Laporan Pantauan Bencana. Tersedia di http://www.penanggulangankrisis.kemkes.go.id/pantauan_bencana/(13 April 2017)

Pusat Penanggulangan Krisis. (2007). BookletPenanggulangan Masalah Kesehatan akibat Bencana Banjir bagi pengelola tingkat Kabupaten/Kota. Jakarta Depkes RI.

UU No 24. (2007). Tentang Penanggulangan Bencana. Jakarta. Author.

WHO. (2002). Environmental Health in Emergencies and Disaster : A Practical Guide.Malta. Author

Worosuprojo, Suratman. (2012). Manajemen Bencana Berbasis Informasi Geografis untuk Mewujudkan Kehidupan Masyarakat yang Harmonis dengan Alam di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh dan Sistem Informasi Geografis 2012. Surakarta: Muhammadiyah University Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Hasil gambar untuk by-nc-sa
JKESLING by UNAIR is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Kampus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C Unair, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: jurnal.keslingua@gmail.com / jkesling@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 8222 383 6877

 

INDEX BY :

 

       

 site
stats

View My Stats

Flag Counter