Level of Airbone Toluene in Work Environment is Associated With Level of Urine Hippuric Acid in Printing Workers at Rungkut Surabaya

Fardani Irmasari

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jkl.v10i3.2018.328-335
Abstract views = 649 times | downloads = 5410 times

Abstract


One of industrial hazards in printing can come from chemical elements. The chemicals that may be in the printing industry is toluene. Toluene used in 75% of printing work activity. The biggest toluen used as automatic cleaning. Other toluen used as a printing ink, solvent, varnish and glue. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between airbone toluene levels with hippuric acid in workers Printing in Rungkut Surabaya. This research was an observational analytic, used cross sectional design. The sample of this study were 30 people, taken by random sampling. The results of pearson correlation test showed that there were a association between airbone toluene with hippuric acid in urine (p= 0.000; r=0.796) and results of pearson correlation test showed thatthere is no association between airbone toluene with eye irritation complaint (p=0.268). Its conclued that level of airbone toluene in work environment is associated with level of urine hippuric acid in printing workers at Rungkut Surabaya. Suggestions from this research is the company must conduct periodic monitoring in the airbone workplace of workers and to raise workers awareness of the importance of PPE.

Keywords


airborne toluen, hippuric acid urine, printing workers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). (2015). Draft Toxicological Profile For Toluene.diakses di http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/phs/phs.asp?id=159&tid=29.

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). (2014). Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs)

Decharat S. (2014). Urinary Hippuric Acid and Toluene Levels in Workers of Printing Factories in Thailand. Thailand. Thaksin University diakses di http://ijoh.tums.ac.ir

Dwi A. (2017). Hubungan Kadar Toluen Udara Asam Hipurat Urin dengan Keluhan Kesehatan Pekerja Finishing Industri Mebel di Banyuwangi. Surabaya. Universitas airlangga

Ekaputri S dan Oginawati K. (2012). Hubungan Paparan Toluen Dengan Kadar Asam Hipurat Urin Pekerja Pengecatan Mobil. Bandung. Institut Teknologi Bandung

International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS). (2000). Air Quality Guidelines Toluene. WHO. Geneva. Diakses di www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0020/.../AQG2ndEd_5_14Toluene.pdf

In Support of Summary Information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). (2005). Toxicological Review Of Toluene. Washington DC. Environmental Protection Agency

Mukono J. (2010). Toksikologi Lingkungan Surabaya. Airlangga University Press

Pratamasari F, Soebijanto dan Setyopranoto I. (2015). Kejadian Neuropati Saraf Tepi pada Pekerja Percetakan Ofset yang Terpajan Toluen Inhalasi. Yogyakarta. Universitas Gajah Mada

Prihartini N. (2010). Analisis Risiko Kesehatan Pajanan Toluen Pada Pekerja Bengkel Sepatu ‘X’ Di Kawasan Perkampungan Industri Kecil (Pik) Pulogadung Jakarta Timur. Jakarta. Universitas Insonesia

Sentra Informasi Keracunan Nasional (Sikernas). (2012) . Toluen. Jakarta. Pusat Informasi Obat dan Makanan, Badan POM RI

Setiyono. (2005). Teknologi Pengolahan Limbah Cair Industri. Jakarta. dapat diakses diwww.kelair.bppt.go.id/Publikasi/BukuLimbahCairIndustri/05cetak.pdf

Setya E, Martiana T, Sulistyorini L. (2016). Risk Assessment Pajanan Toluena Pada Pekerja PengrajinSepatu Di Kelurahan Tambak Oso Wilangun Surabaya. Surabaya. Universitas Airlangga

Sophianita. (2003). Hubungan Antara Kadar Asam Hipurat Urin Akibat Pajanan Toluen Dengan Efek Kesehatan Akut Pada Tenaga Kerja Percetakan “X”. Jakarta. Universitas Indonesia.

Svendsen, K and Rognes, K.S. (2000). Exposure to organic solvents in the offset printing industry in Norway. Ann. Occup. Hyg

Warsito A. (2007). Analisis Pemajanan Toluena Terhadap Profil Darah Pada Pekerja Sektor Industri Penyulingan Minyak Bumi. Semarang. Universitas Diponegoro

WHO. (2000). Air Quality Guidelines - Second Edition Chapter 5.14 Toluene. Europe. WHO Regional office


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Hasil gambar untuk by-nc-sa
JKESLING by UNAIR is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Kampus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C Unair, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: jurnal.keslingua@gmail.com / jkesling@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 8222 383 6877

 

INDEX BY :

 

       

 site
stats

View My Stats

Flag Counter