Hygiene, Sanitation and Bacteriological Quality of Cow's Milk in Krajan Design, Gendro Village, Tutur Regency of Pasuruan District

Ririn Indah Permatasari

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jkl.v10i4.2018.343-350
Abstract views = 1206 times | downloads = 5349 times

Abstract


Cattle waste contains high enough Escherichia coli microbes that can contaminate dairy products. Contamination can come from various sources of cow udder, cow body, dust in the air, dirty equipment and humans who do milking. Hygiene and sanitation efforts are one of the most important environmental health efforts to prevent dairy contamination. This study aims to analyzed the relationship of hygiene breeders, sanitation cage and bacteriological quality of cow milk (Escherichia coli) in Krajan Hamlet, Gendro Village, Tutur District, Pasuruan Regency. This research was conducted with cross sectional design. The sample size used was the total population of 26 farmers registered to be members of the group of Agung II breeders in Krajan Hamlet. Breeder hygiene and cage sanitation were analyzed descriptively quantitatively on bacteriological quality of cow's milk (Escherichia coli). Breeder hygiene includes 3 components: the use of PPE when working (boots, masks, gloves), hand-washing habits and work clothing conditions. Cage sanitation includes 5 components namely the technical requirements of the cage building, the location of the cage, the direction of the cage, the handling of livestock waste, the cleanliness of the cage. Bacteriological qualities of cow's milk (Escherichia coli) were examined in the laboratory using isolation and identification techniques. As many as 73% of respondents included in the category of poor farmer's hygiene and 65% of respondents included in the category of poor cage sanitation. While the examination of milk samples as much as 65% is known to be contaminat Escherichia coli. Increas use of PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and cage sanitation management needs to be done by farmers to prevent contamination of Escherichia coli in dairy products.

Keywords


Hygiene, Sanitation, Bacteriological Quality of Cow's Milk, Escherichia coli.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agus, C. F, Eny. W, Dewi. dan Benito, H.P. (2014). Peran Mikroba Starter dalam Dekomposisi Kotoran Ternak dan Perbaikan Kualitas Pupuk Kandang. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, Vol. 21, No. 2, Juli 2014: 179-187. Pusat Studi Lingkungan Hidup Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Tersedia di https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/JML/article/view/18542

Anitasari, P. (2008). Hubungan Antara Kondisi Sanitasi Kandang Ternak dengan Kejadian Diare pada Peternak Sapi Perah di Desa Singosari Kecamatan Mojosongo Kabupaten Boyolali Tahun 2008. Skripsi. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

BPS. (2013). Laporan Hasil Sensus Pertanian Nasional 2013. Jakarta : BPS. Tersedia di https://st2013.bps.go.id/st2013esya/booklet/at0000.pdf

BPS. (2016). Populasi Sapi Perah Menurut Provinsi 2009-2016. Jakarta: BPS. Tersedia di https://www.bappenas.go.id/download.php?id=14936?id=14936

BPTP-Ungaran. (2011). Sanitasi Kandang Sapi Perah. Jawa Tengah: BPTP Ungaran. Tersedia di http://pustaka.litbang.pertanian.go.id/agritek/lip50120.pdf

BPTP-NTB. (2011). Nilai Tambah Kompos dari Kotoran Sapi. Mataram : BPTP-NTB.

Cahyono, A.B. (2010). Keselamatan Kerja Bahan Kimia di Industri. Yogyakarta: UGM Press. Badan Penerbit dan Publikasi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Cahyono, D. (2013). Microbiological Qualities (TPC, Enterobacteriaceae, Staphylococcus aureus) of Fresh Milk from Subdistrict Krucil Probolinggo. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak, April 2013, Hal 1-8. Vol. 8, No. 1 ISSN : 1978 – 0303. Tersedia di http://jitek.ub.ac.id/index.php/jitek/article/view/170

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Escherichia coli. Avaible at: https://www.cdc.gov/ecoli/general/

Costa C H J, Hotzel J M, Longo C, Balcao F L. (2013). A survey of management practices that influence production and welfare of dairy cattle on family farms in southern Brazil. Journal Dairy Sci. 96(1):307–317. Tersedia di https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23102960

Harjanti ,D.W., J. Y. Ridho., S. Priyo dan Nurwantoro. (2016). Evaluasi Kualitas Susu Segar di Kabupaten Klaten. Jurnal Agromedia,Vol 34, No. 1 Maret 2016. Semarang; Indonesia: Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian; Universitas Diponegoro. Tersedia di http://www.jurnalkampus.stipfarming.ac.id/index.php/am/article/view/125

Kasnodihardjo. (2013). Cage Environmental Sanitation, Behavior, Aviant Influenza. National Public Health Journal Volume 8 Nomer 3 Tahun 2013. Pusat Teknologi Intervensi Kesehatan Masyarakat Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian. Jakarta: Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia. Tersedia di http://journal.fkm.ui.ac.id/kesmas/article/view/357

Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Republik Indonesia. (2014). Undang-Undang RI Nomor 41 Tahun 2014 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2009 Tentang Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. Tersedia di http://fkh.unsyiah.ac.id/uploads/1/7323c1d84c-uu412014perubahan-atas-undang-undang-nomor-18.pdf

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup Republik Indonesia. (2010). Indonesia Second National Communication. Under The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Jakarta.

Kusumaningsih A dan Ariyanti T. (2013). Cemaran Bakteri Patogenik pada Susu Sapi Segar dan Resistensinya terhadap Antibiotika. Jurnal Biologi April 2013 12(4): 9–17. Tersedia di http://e-journal.biologi.lipi.go.id/index.php/berita_biologi/article/view/513

Nerlich B, Brown B and Crawford P. (2009). Health, Hygiene And Biosecurity: Tribal Knowledge Claims in The UK Poultry Industry. Journal Health, Risk & Society 11 (6). pp. 561-577. ISSN 1369-8575. Tersedia di http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/1304/

Pranamyaditia, C.D. (2016). Risiko Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja pada Pekerja Peternakan Sapi di PT X Cabang Kota Kediri. Skripsi. Universitas Airlangga.

Qomarudin, M., N. Putra dan Ahmad. (2011). Studi Manajemen Pemberian Pakan Pada Ternak Sapi Potong Di Kelompok Tani Ternak Mekar Sari Desa Tambak Rigadung Kecamatan Tikung Kabupaten Lamongan. Jurnal Ilmiah Ternak Volume 2 No.1 Juni 2011. Tersedia di http://journal.unisla.ac.id/pdf/18212011/muridi.pdf

Resnhaleksmana, W. (2014). Prevalensi Nematoda Usus Golongan Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) pada Peternak di Lingkungan Gatep Kelurahan Ampenan Selatan. Jurnal Media Bina Ilmiah ISSN No. 1978-3787 Volume 8 No.5, Agustus 2014. Tersedia di http://jurnal-online.um.ac.id/data/artikel/artikel960DE0C44A7C9D5D0F24CCD873D1268A.pdf

Santoso, B. (2010). Studi Higiene dan Sanitasi Susu Sapi Segar serta Kualitas Bakteriologis yang Mempengaruhinya. Skripsi. Universitas Airlangga

Sartika, Ratu A., Yvonne M., Indrawani., Trini dan Sudiarti. (2005). Analisis Mikrobiologi Escherichia Coli pada Hasil Olahan Hewan Sapi dalam Proses Produksinya. Jurnal Makara, Kesehatan, VOL. 9, NO. 1, Juni 2005: 23-28. Tersedia di http://journal.ui.ac.id/index.php/health/article/viewFile/365/361

Simamora T, Fuah A.M , Atabany A, Burhanuddin. (2015). Evaluation of Technical aspects on Smallholder Dairy Farm in Karo Regency of North Sumatera. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan. Vol. 03 No. 1, Januari 2015. Hlm: 52-58. Tersedia di http://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/10814

Syarif E.K dan Harianto B. (2011). Beternak dan Bisnis Sapi Perah. Jakarta: PT Agromedia Pustaka

Utami, K. Binari., Radiati dan L. Endahwati. (2013). Kajian Kualitas Susu Sapi Perah PFH (Studi Kasus pada Anggota Koperasi Agro Niaga di Kecamatan Jabung Kabupaten Malang). Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan 24 (2): 58 – 66 ISSN: 0852-3581. Tersedia di http://jiip.ub.ac.id/index.php/jiip/article/view/174

Vahedi M, Nasrolahei M, Sharif M and Mirabi AM. (2013_. Bacteriological Study of Raw and Unexpired Pasteurized Cow's Milk Collected at the Dairy Farms and Supermarkets in Sari City in 2011. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene. 54(2): 120-123. Tersedia di https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4718392/

Wijiastutik, D. (2012). Hubungan Higiene dan Sanitasi Pemerahan Susu Sapi dengan Total Plate Count pada Susu Sapi di Peternakan Sapi Perah Manggis Kabupaten Boyolali. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Volume 1 Nomer 2 Tahun 2012. Universitas Diponegoro. Tersedia di http://eprints.undip.ac.id/38709/1/4485.pdf

Yulianto, P. (2011). Penggemukan Sapi. Bogor: Penebar Swadaya


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Hasil gambar untuk by-nc-sa
JKESLING by UNAIR is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Airlangga

Kampus C Universitas Airlangga

Jl. Mulyorejo Kampus C Unair, Surabaya 60115, Indonesia.

E-mail: jurnal.keslingua@gmail.com / jkesling@fkm.unair.ac.id

Phone: +62 8222 383 6877

 

INDEX BY :

 

       

 site
stats

View My Stats

Flag Counter