Profile of Tuberculosis in Children and Adolescent at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya
Introduction: Tuberculosis is one of ten leading causes of death worldwide, including Indonesia. Indonesia is one of seven countries that causes 64% deaths due to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis through droplet nuclei in the air. It can occur to any group age, including children and adolescent, if there is a contact history of people with tuberculosis infection. In 2016, one million children had tuberculosis and around 250,000 children died because of tuberculosis. This study aimed to know the profile of tuberculosis in children and adolescent at Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya.
Methods: This was a descriptive study using retrospective approach. Sample of this study was collected from electronic medical record provided by Dr. Soetomo General Hospital Surabaya using statistic formula of single sample for estimated population proportions of children and adolescent with tuberculosis from 2013-2017, with total samples of 149 people.
Results: There were 149 samples of children and adolescent patients with tuberculosis. Most of the children were mostly 0-4 years old and 57% were female. 84% of the children had been immunized with BCG and classified as moderate, and 35% were under nutritional status. This study showed that 67% of the children in household contacts of adult tuberculosis patients also had tuberculosis. The most frequent symptoms of tuberculosis in children and adolescent were fever (72%) and cough (80%).
Conclusion: Tuberculosis in children and adolescent is more likely to occur in children than adolescent, especially children within group age of 0-4 years old. The number of pulmonary tuberculosis in children and adolescent are higher than extrapulmonary tuberculosis.
World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2015, 20th ed. World Health Organization, https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/191102 (2015).
Amin Z, Bahar A. Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. 6th ed. Jakarta: Pusat Penerbitan Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, 2010.
Bolursaz MR, Lotfian F, Aghahosseini F, et al. Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics JOURNAL OF COMPREHENSIVE PEDIATRICS Official Quarterly Journal of Iranian Society of Pediatrics CiteScore 2020 : 0.7 SIGN IN REGISTER SUPPORT Characteristics of Tuberculosis among Children and Adolescents at a Referral . J Compr Pediatr 2016; 7: e59822.
Gupta KB, Gupta R, Atreja A, et al. Tuberculosis and Nutrition. Lung India 2009; 26: 9–16.
World Health Organization. Recommendations to Assure the Quality, Safety and Efficacy of BCG Vaccines, Annex 3, TRS No 979. World Health Organization, https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/trs-979-annex-3-bcg-vax (2013).
Lienhardt C, Sillah J, Fielding K, et al. Risk Factors for Tuberculosis Infection in Children in Contact with Infectious Tuberculosis cases in the Gambia, West Africa No Title. Pediatrics 2003; 111: e608-14.
Esposito S. Tuberculosis in Children. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis; 5. Epub ahead of print 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4084/mjhid.2013.064.
Jahromi MK, Sharifi-Mood B. Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children. Int J Infect 2014; 1: e21116.
Skoura E, Zumla A, Bomanji J. Imaging in Tuberculosis. Int J Infect Dis 2015; 32: 87–93.
Peiró JS, Galvão ML de S, Gómez MNA. Inactive Fibrotic Lesions versus Pulmonary Tuberculosis with Negative Bacteriology. Arch Bronconeumol 2014; 50: 484–9.
Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
1. The journal allows the author to hold the copyright of the article without restrictions.
2. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions
3. The formal legal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Atribution-Share Alike 4.0 (CC BY-SA).