Main Article Content


This research was conducted to evaluate the knowledge and diagnosis of brain death among resident in Indonesia. This study used an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional study design using a questionnaire. The research subjects consisted of 132 level 2 (after 2 years of residency) and level 3 (after 4 years of residency) residents, the total sampling for which was taken from the departments of Neurosurgery, Anesthesiology, and Neurology at Dr. Soetomo Academic Medical Center Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Data were taken from November 2018 to January 2019. A total of 132 residents of Neurosurgery, Neurology, and Anesthesiology participated in this study. From the series of studies, residents' knowledge of the concept of brain death was in the sufficient category (41.7%), residents' knowledge of the technical diagnosis of brain death was in the good category (40.2%), residents' knowledge of brain death examination was in the less category (43.2%), and finally, it was found that the resident's knowledge of brain death was in a good category (35.6%). There were also significant differences in knowledge of brain death between Neurosurgery, Neurology, and Anesthesiologist Resident (P <0.001) and knowledge of brain death between level 2 and level 3 residents (P=0.032). In general, the Indonesian resident doctors' knowledge of brain death is adequate, but knowledge of the clinical examination of brain death is still lacking. Further research must be carried out to promote knowledge of brain death in residents as well as professional doctors/specialists, so that the number of organ transplants, especially in Indonesia, will increase.


Brain death knowledge resident doctor Indonesia

Article Details

How to Cite
Fauzi, A. A., Waloejo, C. S., Machin, A., & Shodiq, M. J. (2020). A Study on Knowledge Towards Brain Death among Residents in Indonesia. Folia Medica Indonesiana, 56(2), 140–147.


  1. Badan Pusat Statistik (2010). Penduduk menurut wilayah dan agama yang dianut
  2. Bennett PN, Hany A (2009). Barriers to kidney transplants in Indonesia?: a literature review, 41-49
  3. Gardiner D, Shemie S, Manara A, Opdam H (2012). International perspective on the diagnosis of death. Br J Anaesth 108, i14-i28
  4. Ghods AJ (2015). Current status of organ transplant in Islamic countries. DOI:10.6002/ect.mesot2014.O17
  5. Goila A, Pawar M (2009). The diagnosis of brain death. Indian J Crit Care Med 13, 7
  6. Jeon KO, Kim BN, Kim HS, et al (2012). A study on knowledge and attitude toward brain death and organ retrieval among health care professionals in Korea. Transplant Proc 44, 859-861
  7. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2014). Permenkes Republik Indonesia Nomor 37 Tahun 2014 tentang Penentuan Kematian Dan Pemanfaatan Organ Donor
  8. Kocaay AF, Celik SU, Eker T, Oksuz NE, Akyol C, Tuzuner A (2015). Brain death and organ donation: knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of medical, law, divinity, nursing, and communication students. Transplant Proc 47, 1244-1248
  9. Konsil Kedokteran Indonesia (2012). Standar kompetensi dokter spesialis anestesiologi dan terapi intesif, 1-44
  10. Konsil Kedokteran Indonesia (2012). Standar kompetensi dokter spesialis anestesiologi dan terapi intesif, 1-90
  11. Kumar L (2016). Brain death and care of the organ donor. J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 32, 146-152
  12. Magalhí£es JV, Veras KN, Maria C, Mendes DM (2016). Evaluation of the knowledge of intensive care doctors in Teresina concerning brain death Research articles. 24, 156-164
  13. Mochtar CA, Alfarissi F, Soeroto AA, et al (2017). Milestones of kidney transplantation in Indonesia, 229-236.
  14. Mohod V, Kondwilkar B, Jadoun R (2017). An institutional study of awareness of brain - death declaration among resident doctors for cadaver organ donation, 17-23. DOI:10.4103/ija.IJA
  15. Mubarak W (2011). Promosi kesehatan untuk kebidanan. Jakarta Salemba Medika
  16. National Kidney Foundation (2014). Brain Death
  17. Sheerani M, Urfy MZS, Khealani B, Patel J, Qamarunnisa, Rath S (2008). Brain death: Concepts and knowledge amongst health professionals in province of Sindh, Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 58, 352-356
  18. Welschehold S, Boor S, Reuland K, et al (2012). Technical aids in the diagnosis of brain death 109, 624-631. DOI:10.3238/arztebl.2012.0624
  19. WHO (2012). International guidelines for the determination of death - Phase 1
  20. Wijdicks EFM (2002). Brain death worldwide: Accepted fact but no global consensus in diagnostic criteria. Neurology 58, 20-25. DOI:10.1212/WNL.58.1.20
  21. Wijdicks EFM (2003). The neurologist and Harvard criteria for brain death. Neurology 61, 970-976
  22. Yang Q, Miller G (2015). East-west differences in perception of brain death: review of history, current understandings, and directions for future research. J Bioeth Inq. DOI:10.1007/s11673-014-9564-x