EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS OF STATE BUDGET ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA 2012-2016

Sri Cahyaning Umi Salama

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jde.v3i1.8596
Abstract views = 62 times | views = 24 times

Abstract


Indonesia is still far behind compared to other Asian countries in agriculture. The technology and the availability of pre-facilities are still inadequate because of the many obstacles that hamper agricultural development. Agricultural development is a major component of rural development. One way to help the process of agricultural development is with the ease of access to finance.

The State through the Ministry of Agriculture continues to make efforts in encouraging the development of domestic agriculture. Funds distributed are not small so it is necessary to calculate the efficient use of state budget funds in agricultural development in Indonesia. This study aims to measure the level of efficiency of the state budget for the agricultural sector. The data used are secondary data derived from the Ministry of Agriculture's financial report from 2012 to 2016.

The method used is Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) with input oriented and output oriented with Variable Returns to Scale (VRS). The input variable used is the realization of State Budget (APBN) for agriculture sector, while the output variables used are Farmer's Exchange Rate (NTP), Gross Domestic Product, and Farmer Productivity. The results show that the year 2015 becomes a very inefficient year both in terms of input oriented and output oriented. The increase in the realization of state expenditures for agriculture is not balanced by significant results, even in 2016 where the relatively small increase in the realization of the agriculture sector budget has had a comparable impact.

Keywords: Efficiency, realization Budget expenditure, agricultural development


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adimihardja, A. 2006. Strategi mempertahankan multifungsi pertanian di indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 25(3): 99–105.

Akbar, Rifki Ali. 2010. Analisis Efisiensi Baitul Mal Wa Tamwil dengan Menggunakan Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA): Studi pada BMT Bina Ummat Sejahtera di Jawa Tengah pada Tahun 2009). Unpublised Thesis. Semarang: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Diponegoro.

Ali, M Mahbubi. 2009. Analisis Efisiensi Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil dengan Pendekatan Two Stage Data Envelopment Analysis: Studi Kasus Kantor Cabang BMT MMU dan BMT UGT Sidogiri. Unpublised Thesis. Semarang: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Diponegoro. Bogor: Program Studi Bisnis dan Manajemen Islam STEI Tazkia.

Arif, D. 2014. Pengaruh Produk Domestik Bruto, Jumlah Uang Beredar, Inflasi dan Bi Rate terhadap Indeks Harga Saham Gabungan di Indonesia Periode 2007-2013. Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis, 19(3): 63–77.

Ascarya dan Yumanita, Diana. 2009. Analisis Efisiensi Intermediasi Bank Perkreditan Syariah di Indonesia: Pendekatan Two Stage DEA, Draft. Jakarta. PPSK Bank Indonesia.

Ascarya, Diana Yumanita,dan Guruh S. Rokhimah. 2009. Analisis Efisiensi Perbankan Konvensional dan Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia dengan Data Envelopment Analysis.dalam buku . Nurul Huda dan Mustafa Edwin Nasution. (Eds). Current Issues Lembaga Keuangan Syariah. Prenada Media Group, page 1- 34.

Badan Pusat Statistik Propinsi Jawa Timur. 2013. Laporan Hasil Sensus Pertanian 2012 (Pencacahan Lengkap). Surabaya: Badan Pusat Statistik.

__________. 2017. Laporan Bulanan Data Sosial Ekonomi Edisi 89 Oktober 2017. Jakarta Pusat: Badan Pusat

Bezemer, D., & Headey, D. 2008. Agriculture, Development, and Urban Bias. World Development, 36(8), 1342–1364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.07.001

Brown, Rayna. 2001. Data Envelopmet Analysis: Measurement and Methodological Issue in the Financial Issues in the Financial Service Sector. University of Melbourne: Departement of Finance.

Carbone, Thomas A. 2000. Measuring Efficiency of Semiconductor Manufacturing Operations using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).IEEE.

Charnes, W.V., Cooper and E. Rhodes. 1978. Measuring The Efficiency Of Decision Making Units. North-Holland Publishing Company European Journal of Operation Research, 2(1): 429-444.

Coelli, Tim. 1996. A Guide to DEAP Version 2.1: A Data Envelopment Analysis (Computer) Program. CEPA Working Paper 98/08. New England: Department of Econometrics, University of Australia.

Eberhardt, M., & Vollrath, D. 2016. The Effect of Agricultural Technology on the Speed of Development. World Development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.03.017

Eko, Yahuda. 2011. Pengukuran Tingkat Efisiensi Bank-Bank Umum di Indoensia (2000- 2007): Aplikasi Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) dan Tobit Analysis. Jurnal Riset Ekonomi, 3(1): 1-19.

Farrel. M. J. 1957. The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Jurnal of The Royal Statistical Society, Series A. CXX. Part 3.

Gang, Cheng & Qian, Zhenhua.2009. MaxDEA Pro 6.2 Manual. Beijing: Beijing Realworld Research and Consultation Company.

Gani, Irwan., & Amalia, Siti. 2015. Alat Analisis Data: Aplikasi Statistik untuk Penelitian Bidang Ekonomi & Sosial. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi.

Gilarso, T. 2004. Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi Makro. Edisi Revisi Cetakan Pertama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Hadad, M. D., Wimboh S., Daniel I., Euginie, M. 2003. Analisis Efisiensi Industri Perbankan Indonesia: Menggunakan Metode Nonparametrik Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Jakarta: Bank Indonesia Research Paper.

Hanafie, Rita. 2010. Pengantar Ekonomi Pertanian. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi.

Hansen, Don R. dan Marryanne M. Mowen. 2003. Management Accounting. Sixth edition. Cincinnati : South Western Publishing.

Hoang Linh, V. 2012. Efficiency of rice farming households in Vietnam. International Journal of Development Issues, 11(1): 60–73.

Karimov, A., Amoke Awotide, B., & Timothy Amos, T. 2014. Production and scale efficiency of maize farming households in South-Western Nigeria. International Journal of Social Economics, 41(11): 1087–1100.

Kurnia, A. S. 2004. Mengukur Efisiensi Intermediasi Sebelas Bank Terbesar Indonesia Dengan Pendekatan Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Jurnal Bisnis Strategi, Vol.13, Desember 2004

Madura, Jeff. 2007. Pengantar Bisnis. Jakarta: Salemba Empat

Mubyarto. 1989. Pengantar Ekonomi Pertanian (III). Jakarta: LP3ES.

Muharam, H dan Purvitasari, R. 2007.Analisis Perbandingan Efisiensi Bank Syariah dengan Metode Data Envelopment Analysis ( periode tahun 2005). Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, Vol.2, No.3.

Pratikno, Heri & Sugianto, Iis. 2011. Kinerja Efisiensi Bank Syariah Sebelum dan Sesudah Krisis Global Berdasarkan Data Envelopment Analysis. Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis, 16(2): 108- 117.

Rivai, R. S., & Anugrah, I. S. 2011. Konsep Dan Implementasi Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan Di Indonesia. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 29(1): 13–25.

Rivai, R. S., & Anugrah, I. S. 2011. Konsep Dan Implementasi Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan Di Indonesia. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 29(1): 13–25.

Romli, K. 2014. Komunikasi Organisasi Lengkap. Jakarta: Gramedia

Rungsuriyawiboon, S., & Wang, X. 2012. Investigating agricultural productivity improvements in transition economies. China Agricultural Economic Review, 4(4): 450–467.

Saqib, L., Zafar, M. A., Khan, K., Roberts, K. W., & Zafar, A. M. 2015. Local Agriculture Financing and BIslamic banks: Is Qard al Hassan A Possible Solution? Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, 6(1): 122–147.

Saridewi, A. A. A. N., Noak, P. A., & Supriliyani, N. W. 2013. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Realisasi Anggaran Pendapatan Dan Belanja Daerah ( Studi Kasus : Anggaran Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Kota Denpasar Tahun 2013 ). E-Journal Unsrat.

Simatupang, P. Dan M. Maulana. 2008. Kaji Ulang Konsep dan Perkembangan Nilai Tukar Petani Tahun 2003 – 2006. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan. LIPI.

Sitonga, C. 1995. Diagnosa Metoda dan Penafsiran Angka Nilai Tukar Petani dalam Pangan 6 (23). Jakarta: BULOG.

Soekarwati. 1996. Pembangunan Pertanian. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Soemitra, Andri. 2010. Bank dan Lembaga Keuangan Syariah. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Sumodiningrat. 2001. Kepemimpinan dan Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Rakyat. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar pada Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Suparmoko, M. 2002. Ekonomi Publik, Untuk Keuangan dan Pembangunan Daerah. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Sutrisno, Edy. 2009. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: Kencana.

Syahyuti.2014. Mau INI apa ITU? Komparasi Konsep, Teori dan Pendekatan dalam Pembangungan Pertanian dan Pedesaan: 125 versus 125. Jakarta: Nagamedia

Tambunan. 2003. Perkembangan Sektor Pertanian di Indonesia (Beberapa Isu Penting). Jakarta: Penerbit Ghalia.

Wahyudi, I. 2014. Commitment and trust in achieving financial goals of strategic alliance Case in Islamic microfinance. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 7(4): 421–442.

Widodo. 2014. Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Harga dan Ketersediaan Beras di Tingkat Nasional. Jurnal SEPA, 10(2): 229–238.

Yu, X. 2012. Productivity, efficiency and structural problems in Chinese dairy farms. China Agricultural Economic Review, 4(2): 168–175.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




This journal is indexed by:

 
 
 
 Creative Commons Licence
 
Journal of Developing Economies (JDE) (p-ISSN: 2541-1012; e-ISSN: 2528-2018) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License