FLUKTUASI SAHAM SYARIAH DI INDONESIA SAAT PANDEMI COVID-19 AKIBAT PERUBAHAN VARIABEL MAKROEKONOMI: ANALISIS PADA SUB SEKTOR HOTEL, RESTAURANT DAN PARIWISATA

Naji Hatul Mutohharo, Putri Nurhayati

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/vol8iss20214pp384-400

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Abstract


ABSTRAK

Pandemi COVID-19 merebak dengan cepat keseluruh negara di dunia menimbulkan banyak dampak termasuk dalam bidang perekonomian. Adanya kebijakan-kebijakan khusus untuk mencegah penyebaran virus, seperti pembatasan mobilisasi dan kegiatan public memberikan dampak yang cukup masif, termasuk pada bidang pariwisata. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat pengaruh beberapa variabel makro, berupa nilai tukar, IHSG, Dow Jones Index (DJI), Dow Jones Islamic Market Index (DJIMI), dan harga minyak dunia terhadap fluktuasi harga saham perusahaan sub sektor hotel, restoran, dan pariwisata yang terdaftar dalam Indeks Saham Syariah Indonesia. Menggunakan metode Partial Least Square (PLS), menunjukkan hasil sepanjang 2 Maret hingga 30 September 2020, nilai tukar dan IHSG berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap harga saham, sedangkan harga minyak berpengaruh tidak signifikan. DJI berpengaruh negatif tidak signifikan terhadap harga saham sedangkan DJIMI berpengaruh negatif signifikan. Sepanjang pandemi dapat dimungkinkan banyak variabel makro maupun mikro yang mengalami goncangan dan turut memberi pengaruh terhadap harga saham pada sub sektor hotel, restaurant dan pariwisata.

Kata Kunci: Dow Jones Index, Dow Jones Islamic Market Index, Harga Minyak, IHSG, Nilai Tukar.

 

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic, which spreads rapidly around the world, has raised many impacts, including in economic sector. There are particular policies to prevent the spreading of COVID-19 virus, such as restrictions of mobilization and public activities which give some massive impacts, including the tourism sector. This study aims to see the impact of several macroeconomic variables, those are exchange rate, IHSG, Dow Jones Index (DJI), Dow Jones Islamic Market Index (DJIMI), and world oil price, due stock price fluctuations in the hotel, restaurant and tourism sub-sector companies listed on Indonesia Sharia Stock Index. Using Partial Least Square (PLS) method, it shows the results from March 2 to September 30 2020, exchange rate and IHSG have positive significant effect on stock price, while oil price has no significant effect. DJI has a negative and insignificant effect on stock price, while DJIMI has a negative significant effect. Through this pandemic, there are many macro or micro variables may experience shocks and give some contribution to the effect of sharia stock price in the hotel, restaurant and tourism sub-sector.

Keywords: Dow Jones Index, Dow Jones Islamic Market Index, Exchange Rate, IHSG, Oil Price.


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