Analisis Faktor-Faktor Kinerja Keuangan Perbankan Syariah terhadap Profitabilitas Sebelum dan pada Saat Pandemi Covid-19 di Indonesia

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March 31, 2022

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Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor kinerja keuangan yang mempengaruhi profitabilitas perbankan syariah. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif komparatif dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Pendekatan kuantitatif menggunakan model Artificial Neural Network (ANN) dan menggunakan uji Wilcoxon. Penelitian ini menghasilkan variabel kinerja keuangan yang mempengaruhi profitabilitas pada masa sebelum pandemi yaitu CAR dengan nilai importance 71,619%. Sedangkan FDR yang menghasilkan nilai importance 0,447% dan NPF dengan nilai importance 27,932% tidak mempengaruhi profitabilitas. Sedangkan pada saat pandemi COVID-19, variabel kinerja keuangan yang mempengaruhi profitabilitas adalah variabel CAR dengan nilai importance sebesar 64,47%. Begitu pula pada variabel FDR yang memiliki nilai importance 35,37% melebihi 33,33% yang berarti varibel FDR sangat mempengaruhi profitabilitas. Hasil perbandingan kinerja keuangan sebelum dan pada saat pandemi menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan ROA, CAR, FDR, dan NPF sebelum dan saat pandemi COVID-19.

Kata Kunci: Bank Syariah, Kinerja Keuangan, Profitabilitas, Pandemi COVID-19.

 

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the factors of financial performance that affect the profitability of Islamic banking. The method used in this study is comparative descriptive with a quantitative approach. The quantitative approach uses the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model and the Wilcoxon test. This study produces a financial performance variable that affects profitability in the pre-pandemic period, namely CAR with an importance value of 71.619%. While the FDR with an importance value of 0.447% and NPF with an importance value of 27.932% does not affect profitability. Meanwhile, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the financial performance variable that affects profitability is the CAR variable which produces an importance value of 64.47%. Likewise, the FDR variable which has an importance value of 35.37% exceeds 33.33%, which means that the FDR variable greatly affects profitability. The results of the comparison of financial performance before and during the pandemic show that there are differences in ROA, CAR, FDR, and NPF before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: Islamic Banks, Financial Performance, Profitability, COVID-19 Pandemic.

 

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