ASEAN-China Security Relations: Traditional and Non-Traditional Aspects

Ali Abdullah Wibisono

Abstract views = 1715 times | downloads = 1850 times


Both ASEAN and China used the concept of Non-Traditional Security (NTS) in order to pursue security diplomacy in the Asia Pacific. For ASEAN, NTS is an area of security cooperation that allows it to drive the agenda of security architectures involving extra-regional powers such as the ASEAN Defense Ministerial Meeting Plus (ADMM+) and ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF). For China, NTS policy agenda allows it to gain acceptance among ASEAN member-states and an active role in the security agenda of ASEAN-led security architectures. The question that this article is pursuing is to what extent has ASEAN-China cooperation on NTS balanced between addressing the humanitarian aspect and the political objectives of security? This question is derived from the conceptual origin of NTS that stands on the importance of both the state and the individuals as the referent subjects of security. This article argues that ASEAN-China NTS cooperation emphasized more towards the strengthening of state’s capacity to deal with non-state actors’ transnational criminal activities, either for profit-seeking or subversive purposes. It is also apparent from evaluating the Memorandum of Understandings and Plans of Action between ASEAN and China that NTS cooperation is one China’s investments to engage a closer cooperation with ASEAN as well as a stronger presence in Southeast Asia’s strategic environment.


ASEAN, China, Non-Traditional Security, security cooperation

Full Text:



Allison, Laura, and Monique Taylor*. 2016. “ASEAN’s ‘people-Oriented’ Aspirations: Civil Society Influences on Non-Traditional Security Governance.” Australian Journal of International Affairs 7718(June): 1–18.

Alves, Dora. 2010. Cooperative Security in the Asia-Pacific: The ASEAN Regional Forum. eds. Jürgen Haacke and Noel M. Morada. London: Routledge.

Arase, David. 2010. “Non-Traditional Security in China-ASEAN Cooperation: The Institutionalization of Regional Security Cooperation and the Evolution of East Asian Regionalism.” Asian Survey 50(4): 808–33.

“Plan of Action to Implement the Joint Declaration on ASEAN-China Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity (2016-2020).” : 1–23.

Booth, Anne. 2011. “China’s Economic Relations with Indonesia: Threats and Opportunities.” Journal of Current Southeast Asian affairs 30(2): 141–60.

Bourne, Mike, and Dan Bulley. 2011. “Securing the Human in Critical Security Studies: The Insecurity of a Secure Ethics.” European Security 20(3): 453–71.

Caballero-anthony, Mely. 2009. Responding to Non-Traditional Security Challenges in Asia.

Caballero-Anthony, Mely, Youngho Chang, and Nur Azha Putra, eds. 2012. Rethingking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security. New York: Springer.

Caballero-Antony, Mely. 2005. 1 Regional Security in Southast Asia. beyond the ASEAN Way. ISEAS.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Global & Strategis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Global Strategis

Ruang Cakra Buana Catur Matra
C102 Gedung C FISIP Universitas Airlangga
Jl. Dharmawangsa Dalam Selatan, Surabaya 60286



Creative Commons License
Global Strategis journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Indexed by: