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Author Guidelines


Manuscript Preparation, Writing, Structure, and Format Guideline


General requirements:

  1. The manuscript should meet the aims and scope of the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management (Jurnal Manajemen Teori dan Terapan).
  2. The manuscript which sent to the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management should be original work, i.e. the same manuscript must have not been published or accepted for publication in any other journals/ books either in full or substantial part and must not be submitted to any other journal for concurrent publication or being considered for publication or even being reviewed. The submission should be accompanied by filling in author's declaration form (click here).
  3. The manuscript is written in English and to assure double-blind review process, make sure that the author(s)-identifying information (name, email and affiliation) is not included in the manuscript. The soft file submitted should be in Microsoft Word format.
  4. The manuscript must comply with the guidelines and should be formatted in accordance with the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management template for submission (EN). The paper which does not comply with this requirement may be returned for revision (format/template) before entering the review process.
  5. The manuscript only could be sent via the open journal system (OJS) mechanism (not by email) in web address:
  6. The Editor of Journal of the Theoretical and Applied Management reserves the right to edit the grammar and spelling of the text contained without reducing or changing the intent of writing.


Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management’s manuscript preparation and style guidelines follow, with a slight modification, documentation of American Psychological Association (APA). Each manuscript must include a reference list containing only the quoted work and using the Mendeley or Zotero tools. Each entry should contain all the data needed for unambiguous identification. With the author-date system, use the following format recommended by APA.


The manuscripts should be typed in A4 (210mm x 297mm), with 10-point Gill Sans MT font and must be 1 line-spaced, except for indented quotations. The manuscript must be saved as a word file. All the pages, including tables, appendices, and references, should be serially numbered. Spell out numbers from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights and measures. For example three days; 3 kilometers; 30 years. All other numbers are expressed numerically. Authors are encouraged to use the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management template. A sample template is included at the end of this document.


The manuscript must be written in academic English. Spelling follows Webster’s International Dictionary. To ensure an anonymous review, the authors should not identify themselves directly or indirectly in their papers. A single author should not use the word “we”. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their papers checked before submission for grammar and clarity.

Article Length

The article should be between 6000-8000 words in length only (inclusive of references, diagram and tables). The allowable length of the manuscript is at the editor’s discretion; however, manuscripts with a length of less than or exceeding the specified word count may be returned to the author(s) for revision before the manuscript is considered by the editors. The word count excludes tables, figures, and references.


Title Page

Article Title: The title of the article should be specific and effective, and approximately no more 20 words. Write an article title using simple and straightforward language that can offer readers a glimpse of the content with their first glance.

Author’s name and Affiliations: The full name of each author without any academic title, the affiliation of each author at the time the research was completed and the address for each author including the full postal address, telephone, and email addresses. Where more than one author has contributed to the article, please provide detailed information for the corresponding author(s). The detailed information about the author will be placed on the ABOUT THE AUTHORS page.

Abstract: The abstract should stand alone, meaning that no citations are in the abstract. The abstract should concisely inform the reader of the manuscript’s purpose, its methods, its findings, and its value. The abstract should be relatively nontechnical, yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript’s contribution. The manuscript’s title, but neither the author’s name nor other identification designations, should appear on the abstract page. An abstract, of no more than 300 words, should be presented both in English and Indonesian on a separate page immediately preceding the text of the manuscript. (An Indonesian abstract will be provided for the non-Indonesian authors once the manuscript is accepted for publication.

Keyword: Keywords are an important part of writing an abstract. Authors should select a maximum of five keywords that are specific and reflect what is essential about the article. Keywords and the article’s classification should be provided after the abstract.

JEL Classification Numbers: Authors should add a 1 - 3 JEL Classification Number. An information guide for the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) can be found at

Main Article

Manuscripts submitted to this journal should have the following main headings:

Introduction: Introduction section contains research background, issues/problem statement, research gap, key research objectives, research significance, and expectation about the contribution and benefits of the research. The introductory section is briefly and clearly writen.

Literature Review: The literature review represents the theoretical core of an article. A literature review is a means to an and, namely to provide background to and serve as motivation for the objectives and hypotheses that guide your own reserach. 

Methods: This section typically has the following sub-sections: sampling (a description of the target population, the research context, and units of analysis; sampling; and respondents’ profiles); data collection; measures (alternatively: measurement); and technical analysis.

Results: The author needs to report the results in sufficient detail so that the reader can see which statistical analysis was conducted and why, and later to justify their conclusions. Reporting results: The author may assume that the reader has a working knowledge of basic statistics (i.e., typically the contents covered in a 1ststatistics course).

Discussion: Different authors take different approaches when writing the discussion section. According to Feldman (2004:5), Perry et al. (2003: 658), and Summers (2001: 411412), the discussion section should: 1) Restate the study’s main purpose; 2) reaffirm the importance of the study by restating its main contributions; 3) summarize the results in relation to each research objectives or hypothesis, without introducing new material; 4) relate the findings back to the literature and to the results reported by other researchers; 5) provide possible explanations for any unexpected or non-significant findings; 6) discuss the managerial implications of the study; 7) highlight the main limitations of the study that could influence its internal and external validity; 8) and discuss insightful (i.e., non-obvious) directions or opportunities for future research related to the topic.

Conclusion: In this section, the author presents brief conclusions from the results of research with suggestions for advanced researchers or general readers. A conclusion may cover the main points of the paper, but do not replicate the abstract in the conclusion.

Acknowledgment (optional): This section is provided for the author(s) to express his gratitude either for the research funders or the other parties who contribute to research realization 

Author Contribution (compulsory): The Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management requires that all authors take public responsibility for the content of the work submitted for review. The contributions of all authors must be described in the following manner: e.g. Author 1: conceptualization, writing original draft, data curation, formal analysis, investigation, methodology. Author 2: review and editing, writing review and editing, supervision, validation, visualisation. Author 3: writing original draft, validation, visualisation, supervision. Author 4: review and editing, writing review and editing, supervision, validation, visualisation.

Financial Disclosure (compulsory): reveal the financial disclosure – this is required by law and good practices in publishing.

Conflict of Interest (compulsory): Authors must declare potential conflicts of interest that could affect their manuscript's outcomes or interpretation.

References: Reference style used by the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management is based on the American Psychological Association (APA) that already available in the MendeleyEndNote, or Zotero. Please remid that we only receive papers that the refrence list is managed by Mendely, EndNote, or Zotero. The number of bibliographies is at least 10 sources and 80% come from primary references (journals, thesis, dissertation, patent document). References must be valid and published within the previous 10 years. Authors are encouraged to use the manuscript template that can be found at the bottom of this guideline (Journal Template).



Citation in the text body should be written using the family name and years of publication. Example:

  1. Hill (2001) suggests that the objective of depreciation is ....
  2. Inflation targeting would be sufficient (see McCain, 1982).
  3. The definition of contagion is ... (Wagner, 1976; Rhonda, 2009).
  4. The Authors are recommended to use Mendeley Reference software

Tables and figures

The author must provide high-quality artwork for all illustrations. Poor resolution or definition are not acceptable. Figures and tables reproduced from already published work must be listed with permission from the original publisher (or copyright holder, if not the publisher). Tables and figures should be presented as follows:

  1. Figure numbers and titles appear centered below the figure, while Table numbers and titles appear centered above the table. Each non-proposition word of a title is capitalized.
  2. In tables and figures, only the first word in column and row titles is capitalized.
  3. Within tables and figures, a zero (0) always appears in numbers less than 1 (e.g., 0.15, not .15).
  4. Table values are to be aligned on the decimal except where values differ widely, such values should be centered (this can, for example, apply to the N, R2, and F values in the final rows of a table).
  5. You may have your figures published in color in electronic version. In printable version, however, the color will be black and white.


Each manuscript must include a reference list containing only the quoted work and using the Mendeley, EndNote, or Zotero tool. Each entry should contain all the data needed for unambiguous identification. With the author-date system, use the format recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA). References must be valid, published within the previous 10 years and contain at least 80% primary references (journals, thesis, dissertations and patent documents). Authors are encouraged to use the manuscript template that can be found at the bottom of this guideline (Journal Template).

Examples of correct referencing style:


Torino, G. C., Rivera, D. P., Capodilupo, C. M., Nadal, K. L., & Sue, D. W. (Eds.). (2019). Microaggression theory: Influence and implications. John Wiley & Sons.

Leedy, P.D. and Omrod, J.E. (2005). Practical Research: Planning and Design (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merril Prentice Hall.

Carter, B., James, K.L., Wood, G. and Williamson, D.H. (2018). Reserach Methods. 4th ed rev. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Demirguc-Kunt, A., & Maksimovic, V. (1996). Stock market development and firm financing choices. World Bank Economic Review, 10(2), 341-369.

Grady, J. S., Her, M., Moreno, G., Perez, C., & Yelinek, J. (2019). Emotions in storybooks: A comparison of storybooks that represent ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 8(3), 207–217.

Paper published in the proceeding

Duckworth, A. L., Quirk, A., Gallop, R., Hoyle, R. H., Kelly, D. R., & Matthews, M. D. (2019). Cognitive and noncognitive predictors of success. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 116(47), 23499–23504.

Brown, J., 2005. Evaluating surveys of transparent governance. In: UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs), 6th Global forum on reinventing government: towards participatory and transparent governance. Seoul, Republic of Korea, 24-27 May 2005. New York: United Nations.

Published Dissertation or Thesis

Kabir, J. M. (2016). Factors influencing customer satisfaction at a fast-food hamburger chain: The relationship between customer satisfaction and customer loyalty (Publication No. 10169573) [Doctoral dissertation, Wilmington University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Zambrano-Vazquez, L. (2016). The interaction of state and trait worry on response monitoring in those with worry and obsessive-compulsive symptoms [Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona]. UA Campus Repository.

Report by A Government Agency

National Cancer Institute. (2019). Taking time: Support for people with cancer (NIH Publication No. 18-2059). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health.


Author should first register as Author through the following address:

Author should complete the form as detail as possible especially the form with star marks (*) denotes required field. After all form textboxes are filled, clicks on “Register” button to proceed the registration. In the next step author then will be brought to online author submission interface where Author should click on “New Submission”. In the Start a New Submission section, click on “’Click Here’: to go to step one of the five-step submission process”. The following are five steps in online submission process:

  1. Step 1 - Starting the Submission: Author must check-mark all the submission checklists.
  2. Step 2 – Uploading the Submission: To upload a manuscript to this journal, click Browse (choose file) which opens a choose file window for locating the file on the hard drive of your device then click Upload button.
  3. Step 3 – Entering Submission’s Metadata: In this step, detail author(s) metadata should be entered including marked corresponding author. Manuscript title and abstract must be filled by copying the text and paste in the textbox including keywords and references.
  4. Step 4 – Uploading Supplementary Files: This is optional step, supplementary file (if any) can be uploaded in this step. Click on Browse button, choose the files, and then click on Upload button.
  5. Step 5 – Confirming the Submission:  To submit the manuscript to the Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management, click Finish Submission button. The corresponding author or the principal contact will receive an acknowledgement by email and will be able to view the submission’s progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal web address site.

After this submission, Authors who submit the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission. Therefore, Authors are able to track their submission status at any time by logging in to the online submission interface. The submission tracking includes status of manuscript review and editorial process.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published.

  2. The submission has is NOT under another journal for consideration, nor will be submitted to another journal for consideration until the decision will be made in Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management.

  3. The Journal of Theoretical and Applied Management template has been used and the article includes a structed abstract and five main parts

  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, especially the APA referencing style.

  5. JEL codes was provided in the manuscript during the submission process.

  6. The submission file is in Microsoft Word (*.docx - preffered) document file format.

  7. The instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Creative Commons LicenceJournal of Theoretical and Applied Management (Jurnal Manajemen Teori dan Terapan) by Universitas Airlangga, Department of Management, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright of the article without restrictions.
2. The journal allows the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions
3. The legal formal aspect of journal publication accessibility refers to Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.