Apakah Gender Bermakna Pada Model Pembentukan Minat Berwirausaha?

Andhy Setyawan

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jmtt.v9i2.3017
Abstract views = 407 times | downloads = 1610 times

Abstract


This research purposes to examine the moderating role of gender on the entrepreneurial intention model. The Theory of the Entrepreneurial Event (TEE) and Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) are integrated as grand theory to explain the research. The data were obtained by involving 154 active undergraduate students as respondents. The results from Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis approach showed that gender moderate the direct effect of entrepreneurial knowledge on entrepreneurial intention significantly. The positive effect of entrepreneurial subjective norm on entrepreneurial intention is stronger and significant in female respondents than males. Furthermore, the effect of the perceived feasibility on entrepreneurial intention is not moderated by gender.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajzen, I. 1991. The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50: 179–211.

Astuti, R. D., & Martdianty, F. 2012. Students’ entrepreneurial intentions by using theory of planned behavior: The case in Indonesia. The South East Asian Journal of Management, 6: 100-112.

Ayob, N., Yap, C. S., Sapuan, D. A., & Rashid, M. Z. A. 2013. Social entrepreneurial intention among business undergraduates: An emerging economy perspective. Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business, 15: 249-267.

Bae, T. J., Qian, S., Miao, C., & Fiet, J. O. 2014. The relationship between entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions: A meta-analytic review. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39: 217-254.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2014. Keadaan ketenagakerjaan Februari 2014. Berita Resmi Statistik, 38: 1-5.

Cooper, D. R., & Schindler, P. S. 2011. Business research methods (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Diaz-Garcia, M. C., & Jimenez-Moreno, J. 2010. Entrepreneurial intention: The role of gender. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 6: 261-283.

Hair Jr, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. 2010. Multivariate data analysis (7th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Hattab, H. W. 2014. Impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intentions of university students in Egypt. The Journal of Entrepreneurship, 23: 1-18.

Linan, F., Rodríguez-Cohard, J. C., & Rueda-Cantuche, J. M. 2011. Factors affecting entrepreneurial intention levels: A role for education. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 7: 195-218.

Maes, J., Leroy, H., & Sels, L. 2014. Gender differences in entrepreneurial intentions: A TPB multi-group analysis at factor and indicator level. European Management Journal: In press.

Nastiti, T., Indarti, N., & Rostiani, R. 2010. Minat berwirausaha mahasiswa Indonesia dan Cina. Manajemen & Bisnis, 9: 188-200.

Neuman, W. L. 2011. Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education, Inc.

Saiman, L. 2009. Kewirausahaan: Teori, praktik, dan kasus-kasus. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. 2009. Research methods for business students (5th ed.). Pearson Education Ltd.

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. 2000. The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25: 217-226.

Shapero, A. & Sokol, L. 1982. The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In C. Kent, D. Sexton, & K. Vesper (Eds.), The encyclopedia of entrepreneurship (pp. 72–90). New York: Prentice Hall.

Shinnar, R. S., Giacomin, O., & Janssen, F. 2012. Entrepreneurial perception and intentions: The role of gender and culture. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37: 465-493.

Solesvik, M. Z., Westhead, P., Kolvereid, L., & Matlay, H. 2012. Student intentions to become self-employed: The Ukrainian context. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 19: 441-460.

Suharti, L., & Sirine, H. 2011. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap niat kewirausahaan. Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan, 13: 124-134.

Susetyo, D., & Lestari, P. S. 2014. Developing entrepreneurial intention model of university students: an empirical study on university students in Semarang Indonesia. International Journal of Engineering and Management Sciences, 5: 184-196.

Wilson, F., Kickul, J., & Marlino, D. 2007. Gender, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: Implications for entrepreneurship education. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32: 387-406.

Wilson, F., Kickul, J., Marlino, D., Barbosa, S. D., & Griffiths, M. D. 2009. An analysis of the role of gender and self-efficacy in developing female entrepreneurial interest and behavior. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 14: 105-119.

Wiratno, S. 2012. Pelaksanaan pendidikankewirausahaan di perguruan tinggi. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Kebijakan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan, Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Yang, J. 2013. The theory of planned behavior and prediction of entrepreneurial intention among Chinese undergraduates. Social Behavior and Personality, 41: 367-376.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by:

      

 

Creative Commons Licence

Jurnal Manajemen Teori dan Terapan by Universitas AirlanggaDepartment of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

View JMTT Stats