Luberta Ebta Wiyani, Diffah Hanim, Dono Indarto


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The elderly usually accompanied by many impairments due to decline in organ functioning which have a great impact on their daily intake and leads to anemia. Many elderlies also have mobility impairment which make them become more dependent and need supports from their family. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of family support, the daily intake of protein, iron, vitamin C with hemoglobin levels in elderly. This observational analytic study with cross-sectional design was performed in 185 elderlies aged 60-79 years determined using the OpenEpi program. Subjects collected by simple random sampling from chosen Posyandu in Klaten and Sragen districts. The data on daily intake and family support in fulfilling healthy nutritious foods were collected by using a 2x24-hour food recall form and a modified questionnaire from Hanim’s study. Hemoglobin levels were measured from venous blood using Cyanmethhemoglobin method. The data were analyzed using the Pearson test and Multiple Linear Regression test. The prevalence of mild anemia was found in 10.27% women and 5.41% men. Family support (b=0.09, 95%CI:0.003- 0.18), protein intake (b=0.41, 95%CI:0.25-0.57), iron intake (b=0.19, 95%CI:0.96-0.29), vitamin C intake (b=0.10, 95%CI:0.02-0.41) were significantly associated with hemoglobin levels (p<0.05). To conclude, sufficient family support, adequate intake of protein, iron and vitamin C are associated to higher hemoglobin levels.


family support, macronutrient intake, micronutrient intake, hemoglobin level, Elderly

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