Prevalence of hypodontia in Chinese orthodontic patients

Pambudi Rahardjo

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/j.djmkg.v39.i4.p147-150

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Abstract


Hypodontia is a phenomenon of congenitally missing teeth in human. A thousand and twelve panoramic radiographs of Chinese orthodontic patients were examined for agenesis of permanent teeth including third molars. The patients with missing teeth were divided into four group: the patients with missing less than 4 molars, missing all third molars, hypodontia and oligodontia. The result revealed, 210 patients affected one or more teeth agenesis with a total of 455 teeth missing. The prevalence of tooth agenesis was maxillary third molar 259 (56.9%), mandibular third molar 143 (31.4%), mandibular second premolar 15 (3.3%), mandibular lateral incisors 13 (2.8%), maxillary lateral incisors 8 (1.7%), maxillary second premolars 7 (1.5%), other teeth 10 (2.2%) respectively. Of the mesial mandibular first permanent molar, mandibular second premolars were the most frequent missing teeth. Although hypodontia did not represent a public health problem, from orthodontic point of view it might cause esthetic and masticatory function disorders as well as more complex mechanotherapy of a patient.

Keywords


hypodontia; Chinese; mandibular second premolar

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