Effect of various inductions of sleep deprivation stress on proinflammatory cytokine levels in gingival crevicular fluids of white male Wistar strain rats (Rattus novergicus)

Pratiwi Nur Widyaningsih, Fitranto Arjadi, Erlina Sih Mahanani

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/j.djmkg.v53.i1.p24-29
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Abstract


Background: Stress that is induced by sleep deprivation can modulate the damage of periodontal tissue by elevating the levels of proinflammatory cytokines (i.e. IL-1β and TNF-α). The effects of sleep deprivation can be resolved with sleep recovery. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is fluid in sulcular gingiva which acts as an oral biomarker for evaluating periodontal abnormalities. Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of various induction methods of sleep deprivation stress on cytokine levels in GCF of white male Wistar strain rats (Rattus novergicus). Methods: The study method was true experimental with a posttest-only control group design. Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD), total sleep deprivation (TSD), partial sleep deprivation with sleep recovery for five days (PSD+SR), total sleep deprivation with sleep recovery for five days (TSD+SR) and a healthy control group. Data were analysed via one-way ANOVA to determine differences between groups. Result: The results showed the highest level of IL-1β and TNF-α was found in the PSD group. One-way ANOVA analysis showed significant differences (p<0,05) of IL-1β level between PSD and control groups, PSD and PSD+SR groups and PSD and TSD+SR groups; in contrast, the analysis of TNF-α levels showed significant differences (p<0,05) between PSD group to control group, PSD to PSD+SR group and TSD to TSD+SR group. Conclusions: There is an effect of various induction methods of sleep deprivation stress on proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and TNF-α).


Keywords


paradoxical sleep deprivation; proinflamatory cytokines; sleep deprivation; total sleep deprivation; sleep recovery

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