The influence of functional tooth units on body mass index in the elderly of the Jember Regency

Jevina Sicilia Ahliawan, Zahreni Hamzah, Mei Syafriadi

Abstract views = 220 times | downloads = 72 times


Background: Tooth loss can disrupt the mastication process. Mastication disorders limit the amount of food a person consumes, affecting nutrition. The number of functional tooth units (FTUs) can affect nutritional status, measured using the body mass index (BMI). Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyse the effect of the number of FTUs on the BMI in the elderly. Methods: This research was conducted in four villages in the Jember Regency. The number of subjects was 189, aged 45 years and over. The number of FTUs was calculated based on the anterior and posterior teeth that have contact with the antagonist and the BMI using the BMI formula. The data was analysed using a linear regression test; the level of significance is 0.005. Results: A simple linear regression test showed that there was significant correlation between FTU and BMI (p=0.366). Conclusion: The number of FTUs affects BMI; the higher the number of FTUs, the greater the BMI.


BMI; elderly; FTU; mastication

Full Text:



Pusat Data dan Informasi - Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Situasi lanjut usia (Lansia) di Indonesia. 2016. Available from: Accessed 2020 May 6.

Department of Economic and Social Affairs - Population Division - United Nations. World population ageing. World population ageing 2017 - Highlights. New York: United Nations; 2017. p. 1–46.

Razak PA, Richard KMJ, Thankachan RP, Hafiz KAA, Kumar KN, Sameer KM. Geriatric oral health: a review article. J Int oral Heal JIOH. 2014; 6(6): 110–6.

Pathath AW. Theories of aging. Int J Indian Psychol. 2013; 4(3): 15–22.

World Health Organization. World report on ageing and health 2015. Geneva: WHO; 2015.

Hamzah Z, Indartin D, Meilawaty Z. The progressive low chronic inflammation on oral tissue in elderly. In: Proceeding of 1st International Conference on Medicine and Health Sciences (ICMHS). Jember: Jember University; 2016. p. 177–81.

Bashiru BO, Oyenashia A grace. Prevalence, causes and pattern of tooth loss among elderly people in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Cent African J Public Heal. 2019; 5(2): 98–101.

Yuniendra GG, Rahardjo A, Adiatman M, Maharani DA, Thuy PAV. Relationship between oral health status and masticatory performance with nutritional status in the elderly. J Phys Conf Ser. 2018; 1073(4): 042007.

Rosli TI, Chan YM, Kadir RA, Hamid TAA. Association between tooth loss and body mass index among older adults in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. J Sains Kesihat Malaysia. 2018; 16: 81–6.

Samnieng P, Lekatana H. Oral health and quality of life among elderly in Thai. J Dent Indones. 2016; 23(2): 40–7.

Indrasari M, Dewi RS, Rizqi AA. The influence of the number of Functional Tooth Units (FTUs) on masticatory performance. J Int Dent Med Res. 2018; 11(3): 982–7.

Naka O, Anastassiadou V, Pissiotis A. Association between functional tooth units and chewing ability in older adults: A systematic review. Gerodontology. 2014; 31(3): 166–77.

Shakina T, Masulili C, Indrasari M. Hubungan antara kemampuan mastikasi dan indeks massa tubuh (IMT). J Dent Indones. 2014; : 1–20.

Adhiatman A. GW, Kusumadewi S, Griadhi PA. Hubungan kehilangan gigi dengan status gizi dan kualitas hidup pada perkumpulan lansia di Desa Penatahan Kecamatan Penebel Tabanan. ODONTO Dent J. 2018; 5(2): 145–51.

Cakır O. Accessibility of information technologies in the resting home. Int J Comput Sci Inf Technol. 2012; 4(6): 1–10.

Alse ASS, Anandkrishna L, Chandra P, Ramya M, Kamath PS, Shetty AK. Educational intervention on the plaque score among hearing impaired children. J Adv Clin Res Insights. 2015; 2: 26–30.

Samnieng P. Relationship of nutritional status with oral health status in visual impairment. Makara J Heal Res. 2015; 19: 34–8.

Ueno M, Yanagisawa T, Shinada K, Ohara S, Kawaguchi Y. Masticatory ability and functional tooth units in Japanese adults. J Oral Rehabil. 2008; 35(5): 337–44.

Hsu KJ, Yen YY, Lan SJ, Wu YM, Chen CM, Lee HE. Relationship between remaining teeth and self-rated chewing ability among population aged 45 years or older in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2011; 27(10): 457–65.

Zelig R, Byham-Gray L, Singer SR, Hoskin ER, Marcus AF, Verdino G, Radler DR, Touger-Decker R. Dentition and malnutrition risk in community-dwelling older adults. J Aging Res Clin Pract. 2018; 7: 107–14.

Adiatman M, Ueno M, Ohnuki M, Hakuta C, Shinada K, Kawaguchi Y. Functional tooth units and nutritional status of older people in care homes in Indonesia. Gerodontology. 2013; 30(4): 262–9.

Snell RS. Anatomi klinik untuk mahasiswa kedokteran. 6th ed. Jakarta: EGC; 2006.

Tiwari T, Scarbro S, Bryant LL, Puma J. Factors Associated with Tooth Loss in Older Adults in Rural Colorado. J Community Health. 2016; 41(3): 476–81.

Newman M, Takei H, Klokkevold P, Carranza F. Newman and Carranza’s clinical periodontology. 13th ed. California: Elsevier Saunders; 2018. p. 944.

Al-Zeidaneen SA, Hdaib MT, Najjar YW, Al-Zidaneen MA. Gender and physical activity: Are they associated with body mass index in elderly Jordanian people? Rom J Diabetes Nutr Metab Dis. 2018; 25(3): 237–42.

Estrella-Castillo DF, Gómez-De-Regil L. Comparison of body mass index range criteria and their association with cognition, functioning and depression: A cross-sectional study in Mexican older adults. BMC Geriatr. 2019; 19(1): 339.

Kwon SH, Park HR, Lee YM, Kwon SY, Kim OS, Kim HY, Lim YS. Difference in food and nutrient intakes in Korean elderly people according to chewing difficulty: Using data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey 2013 (6th). Nutr Res Pract. 2017; 11(2): 139–46.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats