Effect of formula milk on the roughness and hardness of tooth enamel

Amaliyah Nur Irianti, Sri Kuswandari, Al Supartinah Santoso

= http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/j.djmkg.v54.i2.p78-81
Abstract views = 897 times | downloads = 351 times

Abstract


Background: Demineralisation and remineralisation is a natural process in tooth enamel. It is influenced by the content of calcium and phosphorus in saliva, which concentrations are affected by the consumption of food, including formula milk. Demineralisation and remineralisation determine the roughness and hardness of the enamel surface. Purpose: This study compared the effect of formula milk on the roughness and hardness of tooth enamel. Methods: Maxillary premolar extracted teeth were demineralised with 37% phosphoric acid for 90 seconds and then divided into four treatment groups. For four days, the teeth were immersed twice a day in cow formula for five and ten minutes (Group I and II) and soy formula for five and ten minutes (Group III and IV). Before and after the immersion in milk, the teeth were submerged in artificial saliva. The enamel surface roughness and hardness were measured three times using a surface roughness tester and a Vickers microhardness tester, before and after demineralisation and after immersion in milk. Data were analysed using Kruskal–Wallis and post hoc Mann–Whitney tests. Results: There was no significant difference (p=0.88) observed in the roughness reduction among the treatment groups. The highest increase in hardness was noted for the ten-minute cow formula milk group (93.27 ± 16.00). The increase of hardness was higher after immersion for ten minutes. A substantial difference (p=0.03) was seen in the increase of hardness between the treatment groups. Conclusion: Immersion in cow and soy formula milk for five and ten minutes does not reduce the enamel roughness, but it increases the enamel hardness.

Keywords


demineralisation; enamel hardness; enamel roughness; milk formula; remineralisation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lacruz RS, Habelitz S, Wright JT, Paine ML. Dental enamel formation and implications for oral health and disease. Physiol Rev. 2017; 97(3): 939–93.

Cummins D. The development and validation of a new technology, based upon 1.5% arginine, an insoluble calcium compound and fluoride, for everyday use in the prevention and treatment of dental caries. J Dent. 2013; 41 Suppl 2: S1-11.

Abou Neel EA, Aljabo A, Strange A, Ibrahim S, Coathup M, Young AM, Bozec L, Mudera V. Demineralization-remineralization dynamics in teeth and bone. Int J Nanomedicine. 2016; 11: 4743–63.

Sharma A, Sharma D, Singh S, Sharma A, Sharma M. Milk and its products: Effect on salivary pH. Int Healthc Res J. 2018; 2(6): 140–5.

Widanti HA, Herda E, Damiyanti M. Effect of cow and soy milk on enamel hardness of immersed teeth. J Phys Conf Ser. 2017; 884: 012006.

Maurice-Van Eijndhoven MHT, Hiemstra SJ, Calus MPL. Short communication: Milk fat composition of 4 cattle breeds in the Netherlands. J Dairy Sci. 2011; 94(2): 1021–5.

Telgi RL, Yadav V, Telgi CR, Boppana N. In vivo dental plaque pH after consumption of dairy products. Gen Dent. 2013; 61(3): 56–9.

Yendriwati, Sinaga RM, Dennis D. Increase of enamel hardness score after cow milk immersion of demineralized tooth: An in vitro study. World J Dent. 2018; 9(6): 439–43.

Rahardjo A, Gracia E, Riska G, Adiatman M, Maharani DA. Potential side effects of whitening toothpaste on enamel roughness and micro hardness. Int J Clin Prev Dent. 2015; 11(4): 239–42.

Carvalho TS, Lussi A. Combined effect of a fluoride-, stannous- and chitosan-containing toothpaste and stannous-containing rinse on the prevention of initial enamel erosion-abrasion. J Dent. 2014; 42(4): 450–9.

McCabe JF, Walls AWG. Bahan kedokteran gigi. 9th ed. Sunarintyas S, editor. Jakarta: EGC; 2015. p. 19–20.

Safavi MS, Walsh FC, Surmeneva MA, Surmenev RA, Khalil-Allafi J. Electrodeposited hydroxyapatite-based biocoatings: Recent progress and future challenges. Coatings. 2021; 11(1): 110.

Makmur SA, Utomo RB. Pengaruh aplikasi gel Theobromine terhadap kekasaran permukaan email gigi desidui pasca demineralisasi. ODONTO Dent J. 2019; 6(2): 95–8.

Vidyahayati IL, Utomo RB, Soeprihati IT. Pengaruh konsentrasi gel Theobromine terhadap ketahanan kekerasan permukaan email gigi desidui. ODONTO Dent J. 2019; 6(1): 8–13.

Champigneux P, Renault-Sentenac C, Bourrier D, Rossi C, Delia M-L, Bergel A. Effect of surface roughness, porosity and roughened micro-pillar structures on the early formation of microbial anodes. Bioelectrochemistry. 2019; 128: 17–29.

Hamba H, Nakamura K, Nikaido T, Tagami J, Muramatsu T. Remineralization of enamel subsurface lesions using toothpaste containing tricalcium phosphate and fluoride: An in vitro µCT analysis. BMC Oral Health. 2020; 20(1): 292.

Mukarromah A, Dwiandhono I, Imam DNA. Differences in surface roughness of enamel after whey-extract application and CPP-ACP in post extracoronal-tooth bleaching. Maj Kedokt Gigi Indones. 2018; 4(1): 15–21.

Amaechi BT. Remineralization therapies for initial caries lesions. Curr Oral Heal Reports. 2015; 2(2): 95–101.

Vandenplas Y, Castrellon PG, Rivas R, Gutiérrez CJ, Garcia LD, Jimenez JE, Anzo A, Hegar B, Alarcon P. Safety of soya-based infant formulas in children. Br J Nutr. 2014; 111(8): 1340–60.

Tyagi SP, Garg P, Singh UP, Sinha DJ. An update on remineralizing agents. J Interdiscip Dent. 2013; 3(3): 151–8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats