Behavior of Sunscreen Usage Among Medical Students

Triana Novitasari, Subur Prajitno, Diah Mira Indramaya

Abstract views = 491 times | downloads = 164 times


Background: Photoaging is an early skin aging process caused by sun exposure. Sunscreen is effective as a primary photo-protection to protect the skin from the dangers of ultraviolet radiation (UV) sunlight. However, sunscreen is often used in the wrong manner, so that it can reduce the effectiveness of the work of sunscreen. Purpose: To describe the knowledge and the practice of sunscreen usage among medical students of Universitas Airlangga and find out the relationship between the knowledge and the practice of sunscreen usage. Methods: This study is an analytic-observational study. Data were collected through questionnaire sheets that distributed to medical students of Universitas Airlangga class of 2016, 2017, and 2018. The results were analyzed using the Spearman test with a significance level of 1%. Result: Obtained total respondents that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were 159 respondents, with 88.68% were female and 11.32% were male. Based on Fitzpatrick skin type, 55.97% respondents found with skin type-IV. There were 59.12% respondents got score of knowledge in the medium category and 64.78% respondents got score of practice also in the medium category. Based on analytic statistic correlation test between knowledge and practice of sunscreen usage, known that the significance value is equal to 0,006 with coefficient correlation is equal to 0.216. Conclusion: The knowledge and the practice of sunscreen usage among medical students of Universitas Airlangga is already in a fairly good range. There is a parallel relationship between the knowledge and the practice of sunscreen usage among medical students of Universitas Airlangga but with a low level of correlation strength.


photoaging; sunscreen; behavior; knowledge; practice;

Full Text:



Pandel R, Poljšak B, Godic A, Dahmane R. Skin photoaging and the role of antioxidants in its prevention. ISRN Dermatol 2013; 1-11.

Shanbhag S, Nayak A, Narayan R, Nayak U. Anti-aging and sunscreens: paradigm shift in cosmetics. Ad Pharma Bull 2019; 9(3): 348-59.

Friedman B, Lim H, Wang S. Photoprotection and Photoaging. Princip Pract Photoprot. 2016;1(4):61-74.

Krutmann J, Bouloc A, Sore G, Bernard B, Passeron T. The skin aging exposome. J Dermatol Sci 2017; 85(3): 152-61.

Jansen R, Osterwalder U, Wang S, Burnett M, Lim H. Photoprotection. JAAD 2013; 69(6): 867.e1-867.e14.

Al Robaee A. Awareness to sun exposure and use of sunscreen by the general population. Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2010; 10(4): 314-18.

Keeney S, McKenna H, Fleming P, McIlfatrick S. An exploration of public knowledge of warning signs for cancer. Eur J Oncol Nurs 2011; 15(1): 31-7.

Widemar K, Falk M. Sun exposure and protection index (SEPI) and self-estimated sun sensitivity. J Prim Prev 2018; 39(5): 437-51.

Qiu H, Long X, Ye J, Hou J, Senee J, Laurent A et al. Influence of season on some skin properties: winter vs. summer, as experienced by 354 Shanghaiese women of various ages. Int J Cosmet Sci 2011; 33(4): 377-83.

Wilson B, Moon S, Armstrong F. Comprehensive review of ultraviolet radiation and the current status on sunscreens. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2012; 5(9): 18–23.

Thurstan S, Gibbs N, Langton A, Griffiths C, Watson R, Sherratt M. Chemical consequences of cutaneous photoageing. Chem Cent J 2012; 6(1): 34.

Sunscreen: how to help protect your skin from the sun [Internet]. FDA 2019 [cited 10 September 2019]. Available from:

How to apply sunscreen [Internet]. AAD 2019 [cited 10 September 2019]. Available from:

Geoffrey K, Mwangi A, Maru S. Sunscreen products: rationale for use, formulation development and regulatory considerations. Saudi Pharm J 2019; 27(7): 1009-18.

Gies P, van Deventer E, Green A, Sinclair C, Tinker R. Review of the Global Solar UV Index 2015 workshop report. Health Phys 2018; 114(1): 84-90.

Sunscreen FAQs [Internet]. AAD 2019 [cited 10 September 2019]. Available from:

Sunscreen FAQs [Internet]. AAD 2019 [cited 10 September 2019]. Available from:

Weig E, Tull R, Chung J, Brown-Joel Z, Majee R, Ferguson N. Assessing factors affecting sunscreen use and barriers to compliance: a cross-sectional survey-based study. J Dermatolog Treat 2019; 31(4): 403-5.

Saridi M, Toska A, Rekleiti M, Wozniak G, Liachopoulou A, Kalokairinou A et al. Sun-protection habits of primary students in a coastal area of Greece. J Skin Cancer 2012; 1-9.

Hadi H, Awadh A, Jamshed S, Elkalmi R. The use of sunscreen products among final year medicine and pharmacy students: a cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitude, practice, and perception. J Res Pharm Pract 2016; 5(3): 193.

Notoatmodjo S. Promosi kesehatan dan perilaku kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta 2012; 45-62.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Berkala Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.



Lisensi Creative Commons
Creations are distributed below Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-NonKomersial 4.0 Internasional.

View My Stats